Energy in Iraq

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Energy in Iraq describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Iraq. Energy policy of Iraq will describe the politics of Iraq related to energy more in detail. Electricity sector in Iraq is the main article of electricity in Iraq.

Primary energy use in 2009 in Iraq was 374 TWh and 13 TWh per million persons.[1]

Overview[edit]

Energy in Iraq[2]
Capita Prim. energy Production Export Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 25.4 346 1,203 851 31.6 81.2
2007 27.5 385 1,219 824 32.3 91.5
2008 28.2 395 1,369 966 35.8 97.4
2009 29.0 374 1,391 1,009 33.2 98.8
2010 32.32 440 1,466 1,017 37.9 104.5
2012 32.96 468 1,652 1,172 42.6 108.3
Change 2004-10 27.3 % 27.1 % 21.9 % 19.5  % 20.0 % 28.7 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh, Prim. energy includes energy losses

Oil production[edit]

Iraq was 9th top crude oli exporter 88 Mt in 2008.[3]

Oil provide 85% of government income. The oil reserves of Iraq are the third biggest in the world after Saudi Arabia and Iran. In 2009 Iraq government had the target to increase oil production from 2.5-million-barrels (400,000 m3) to 7-million-barrels-per-day (1,100,000 m3/d) in six years. In June 2009 oil production rights were sold for BP and China National Petroleum of Rumaila oil field[4][5] for 20 years contract. Investments are estimated as $10–20 billion. Field reserves is 16.998 billion barrels (2.7025×109 m3). In October 2009 Rumaila’s capacity was 1.1 million barrels per day (170,000 m3/d). Iraq's total oil production was 2.4 Mbbl/d (380,000 m3/d).[6]

Second auction took place in December 2009. Iraq sold rights for seven oil fields for 20 years time increasing oil production 4.7 million barrels per day (750,000 m3/d) in future. The production companies will receive from $1 to $5.5 per barrel produced:[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2011 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48
  2. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  3. ^ IEA Key statistics 2010
  4. ^ a b Irak huutokauppasi seitsemän öljykenttää yle 12.12.2009
  5. ^ a b Irak huutokauppaa öljykenttiä yle 11.12.2009
  6. ^ [http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSL820863520091008 Iraq signs deal with BP, CNPC for Rumaila field, ReutersAhmed Rasheed 2009-10-09