European route E314

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E314 shield

E314
Route information
Length: 125 km (78 mi)
Major junctions
From: Leuven (Belgium)
To: Aachen (Germany)
Location
Countries: Belgium, Netherlands, Germany
Highway system
International E-road network
The Kikbeek Ecoduct (wild life crossing point) near Genk was opened to animals in 2005

The European route E 314 is a road in Europe and a part of the United Nations International E-road network. Approximately 125 kilometers (78 mi) long, it connects the Belgian university city of Leuven with Aachen, Charlemagne's capital during the early ninth century, and today a bustling commercial centre in Germany's North Rhine-Westphalia.

Three Nations[edit]

For most of its length the E 314 is in Belgium where it tracks the A2. It then crosses briefly into Dutch Limburg, the most southerly province of The Netherlands before an even briefer stretch between the Dutch-German frontier and Aachen: the German section tracks the start of the Autobahn A 4, which continues beyond Aachen all the way to Görlitz.

In Belgium the road is of standard autoroute quality with two lanes in each direction. The Dutch section includes a short six lane section but also the only part of the E 314 of sub-autoroute quality, though even here the road uses a dual carriageway lay-out.

Highlights of the route[edit]

The junction with the north-south A2 Highway (here doubling with the E 25) connecting Maastricht with Amsterdam is a cloverleaf junction.

Between the end points, the road also serves Hasselt, the capital of Limburg and the industrial city of Genk where Ford once built their Mondeo model. The Belgian section continues through the Hoge Kempen National Park: in 2005 the Kikbeek Ecoduct was opened here, whereby the road runs through a short tunnel section above which wild life has space to cross the road in relative safety.

The Dutch section is noteworthy for the sight of a large chemical plant shortly after crossing the frontier from Belgium. In the Netherlands, near to Heerlen, the E 414 also crosses the Dutch A2 Highway, a major artery of the Dutch roadway network, connecting nearby Maastricht with the heart of the country and Amsterdam.

Language changes[edit]

The area covered by this road has historically been at the border of three different linguistic regions. Place names on the E 314 will be known to English speakers by different names according to when it was adopted into English language. Most known at the eastern end of the road is Aachen still known to English speakers (and in their nineteenth century literature) by its French name as "Aix" or "Aix-la-Chapelle", while road signs in Belgian Limburg eventually still mention the Dutch name "Aken".

At the western end of the road Leuven is located in the Dutch speaking region, although in foreign (French, English, German ...) maps or literature "Louvain" (which has never been the city's official name) may still appear.

The route[edit]

E 314 Leuven (Louvain) - Aachen (Aken, Aix la Chapelle)
State National
Road
Number
Section Junction
(national numbering)
Pan European road connections
Flag of Europe.svg Flag of Belgium.svg

......Province
Brabant (Flemish)




















Limburg





autostrada A2 Leuven - Lummen A 2 AB-Vzw.svg Tabliczka E40.svg Heverlee
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 15 Leuven
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 16 Gasthuisberg
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 17 Winksele
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 18 Herent
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 19 (Exit closed)
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 20 Wilsele
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 21 Holsbeek
A 2 Zeichen 376.svg Zeichen 361-50.svg Wezemaal
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 22 Aarschot
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 23 Tielt-Winge
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 24 Bekkevoort
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 25 Halen
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 26 Lummen centre
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Tabliczka E313.svg Lummen
E 40


























E 313
Limburg autostrada A2 Lummen - Maasmechelen A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 27 Zolder-Terlaemen
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 28 Zolder
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 29 Houthalen-Helchteren
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 30 Park Midden-Limburg
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 31 Genk centre
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 32 Genk east
A 2 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 33 Maasmechelen
Flag of Europe.svg Flag of the Netherlands.svg

......Province
Limburg autostrada A76 Maasmechelen - Kerensheide A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 1 Stein
A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Tabliczka E25.svg Kerensheide

E 25
Limburg autostrada A76 Kerensheide - Simpelveld A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 2 Geleen
A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 3 Spaubeek
A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 4 Schinnen
A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 5 Nuth
A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Ten Esschen Pfeil oben.svg
A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 6 Voerendaal
A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Kunderberg Pfeil unten.svg
A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 7 Simpelveld
Limburg autostrada A76 Simpelveld - Bocholtz A 76 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Bocholtz Pfeil unten.svg
Flag of Europe.svg Flag of Germany.svg

...District (Kreis)
Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg AC autostrada A 4 Bocholtz - Aachen A 4 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Bocholtz Pfeil oben.svg
A 4 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 2 Aachen-Laurensberg
A 4 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 3 Aachen centre
A 4 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg 4 Tabliczka E40.svg Kreuz Aachen





E 40

Sources and further reading[edit]

This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2008-05-17 of the equivalent article on the Dutch Wikipedia.