Eustorgio Salgar

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This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Salgar and the second or maternal family name is Moreno.
Eustorgio Salgar
Eustorgio Salgar.jpg
Photograph of Eustorgia Salgar circa 1863
8th President of the United States of Colombia
In office
April 1, 1870 – April 1, 1872
Preceded by Santos Gutiérrez
Succeeded by Manuel Murillo Toro
Presiding Member of the Provisional Executive Ministry of the Colombia
In office
February 9, 1863 – May 14, 1863
Serving with Santos Gutiérrez, José Hilario López, Froilan Largacha, Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
Preceded by Provisionary Office*
Succeeded by Provisionary Office*
Vice President of the Rionegro Convention
In office
February 4, 1863 – May 8, 1863
President Francisco Javier Zaldúa
Constituency Federal District
35th President of the Sovereign State of Cundinamarca
In office
January 1, 1874 – December 31, 1875
Preceded by Julio Barriga V.
Succeeded by Jacobo Sánchez
21st President of the Sovereign State of Santander
In office
October 1, 1868 – March 14, 1870
Preceded by Narciso Cadena Uribe
Succeeded by Narciso Cadena Uribe
16th President of the Sovereign State of Santander
In office
August 11, 1861 – June 6, 1864
Preceded by Pedro Quintero Jácome
Succeeded by Rafael Otero Navarro
7th President of the Sovereign State of Santander
In office
April 3, 1859 – November 23, 1859
Preceded by Evaristo Azuero
Succeeded by Ulpiano Valenzuela
Personal details
Born Eustorgio Salgar Moreno
(1831-11-01)November 1, 1831
Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia
Died November 25, 1885(1885-11-25) (aged 54)
Bogotá, Cundinamarca, United States of Colombia
Nationality Colombian
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Sinforosa Florez Mateus
Alma mater National University of Colombia
Occupation Soldier (General), politician
Profession Jurisprudence
Religion Roman Catholic
* This was a provisional office position. See the preceding executive office’s officeholder Francisco Javier Zaldúa, and the replacing executive office’s officeholder Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera.

Eustorgio Salgar Moreno (1831–1885) was a lawyer, Colombian general and political figure, who was president of the United States of Colombia from 1870 until 1872. Elected at age 39, he was the youngest President of Colombia.[1]

Biographic data[edit]

Salgar was born in Bogotá, Cundinamarca, on November 1, 1831.[1] He died in the same city, on November 25, 1885.[2]

Early life[edit]

Salgar attended what would later become the National University of Colombia, where he studied jurisprudence. In 1851, at the age of 20, he obtained his law degree.[1]

Political career[edit]

From 1853 he served as the governor of the Garcia Rovira province, and when it was merged with Pamplona in 1855 he assumed the new role of governor of the newly combined province until 1858. During that year, Salgar was a member of the briefly lived Granadine Confederation's senate, and a year later became governor of Sovereign State of Santander.

Military career[edit]

In 1859, Salgar enlist in the army of General Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera during the liberal uprising and the war against President Mariano Ospina Rodríguez. Salgar is captured in combat and tried for insurgency. He is incarcerated until March 31, 1861, when General Mosquera takes Bogotá.[1]

Diplomatic career[edit]

Following his term as president, Salgar was appointed as Ambassador to the United States of America until 1867.

The Presidency[edit]

During the presidential election of 1870, the radical wing of the liberal party nominated Salgar as their candidate. The historical wing of the liberal party nominated General Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera. Salgar obtained the majority of the popular vote and was elected President for the two years term. He was inaugurated on April 1, 1870.[3] During his brief presidency he founded and promoted the country's first railway company. And the initial corporation intended to provide social security.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd.; Italgraf; Segunda Edición; Page 91; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983
  2. ^ Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd.; Italgraf; Segunda Edición; Page 95; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983
  3. ^ Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd.; Italgraf; Segunda Edición; Page 92; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983