PEC Zwolle

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PEC Zwolle
PEC Zwolle logo.jpg
Full name Prins Hendrik
Ende Desespereert Nimmer
Combinatie Zwolle
Nickname(s) Blauwvingers (Bluefingers)
Founded June 12, 1910; 104 years ago (1910-06-12) (as PEC)
July 1, 1990; 24 years ago (1990-07-01)
(as FC Zwolle)
Ground IJsseldelta Stadion
Zwolle
Ground Capacity 12,500
Chairman Adriaan Visser
Manager Ron Jans
League Eredivisie
2013–14 Eredivisie, 11th
Website Club home page
Current season

PEC Zwolle is a Dutch football club based in Zwolle, currently playing in the Eredivisie, the country's highest level of professional club football. They have played in the Eredivisie for a total of thirteen seasons reaching eighth place in 1979. They won the KNVB Cup in 2014 and also reached the final in 1928 and 1977.

This is the second incarnation of the club; its predecessor of the same name went bankrupt in 1990. The current club was founded immediately afterwards as FC Zwolle before renaming back to PEC Zwolle in 2012.

History[edit]

Introduction[edit]

PEC was founded on 12 June 1910, the name being an abbreviation of PH EDN Combinatie (PH EDN Combination). The club was formed by a merger of Prins Hendrik (1 April 1906; Prince Henry) and Ende Desespereert Nimmer (1904; And Never Despair). PEC has been a professional football club since 23 February 1955. The club name was changed to PEC Zwolle in 1971 and to PEC Zwolle '82 in 1982. Instantly after the bankruptcy a new name was chosen for the new club: FC Zwolle.

PEC[edit]

PEC was one of Zwolle's three top football clubs, along with ZAC (founded in 1893) and Zwolsche Boys (1918). ZAC was associated with the local high society, Zwolsche Boys were associated with the working class, while PEC was the club of the local middle class.[1] There was considerable rivalry between these three clubs, especially between Zwolsche Boys and PEC. Not only were their stadiums on walking distance from each other, the clubs frequently met each other in league matches.

PEC Zwolle[edit]

Despite this rivalry, PEC and Zwolsche Boys merged in 1969, taking the name PEC. In 1971, this became PEC Zwolle, in an attempt to promote the image of the city of Zwolle. In 1977, PEC Zwolle reached the finals of the KNVB Cup, losing to FC Twente in extra time, and missed out on promotion to the Eredivisie by one point. In 1978, the club won the Dutch first division title and was promoted to the Eredivisie for the first time in its history. In its first season in the Eredivisie, the club finished eighth, which remains PEC Zwolle's highest ever league position. Their most impressive result that season was a 0–1 away victory at PSV Eindhoven. These results were achieved by a talented group of players bought from other clubs, such as Rinus Israël. The money for this came from the Slavenburgs Bank, which was led by FC Zwolle chairman Jan Willem van der Wal. By 1982, the club had built up a debt of six million guilders and was on the verge of bankruptcy.

PEC Zwolle '82[edit]

Real estate developer Marten Eibrink took over power in PEC Zwolle in 1982. He managed to end the debt and restructured the club, which was epitomized by a change in the name: PEC Zwolle '82. He also had the club's stadium renovated and decided to name the stadium's main stand the Johan Cruyff Stand, because Johan Cruyff had played his last official match against PEC Zwolle '82 on 13 May 1984. Eibrink brought legendary players like Piet Schrijvers, Johnny Rep and Cees van Kooten to the club. The club managed to revive, but the revival was short-lived. In 1985, PEC Zwolle '82 were relegated to the Dutch first division, largely due to an injury-ridden main squad. They managed to return after only one season, having finished in second place. That team was led by the coach Co Adriaanse and the player Foeke Booy. Eibrink, however, grew increasingly disappointed in sponsors and local authorities, accusing them of not loving the club in the way that he did, and he left the club in 1988. Despite a promising start to the 1988–89 season, the club finished in 16th place, which meant that it was relegated to the First Division. The financial crisis worsened, as sponsors refused to invest in the club any longer. The players' wages could not be paid, and a debt to the Slavenburgs Bank appeared which had been overseen by the board for around ten years. This led to the club's bankruptcy in March 1990.

FC Zwolle[edit]

After the bankruptcy, it was decided that the club had to sever all ties with the troubled finances of the past and make a fresh start. The club got a new name (FC Zwolle), a new organisational structure, new sponsors, new club colours (blue-white shirts with white shorts instead of green-white shirts with black shorts) and a new crest. The first years of the 'new' club were hard, but after 1992–93, a new team filled with talents such as Jaap Stam (who would later play for PSV, Manchester United, Lazio, Milan and Ajax), Bert Konterman (Feyenoord and Rangers), Johan Hansma (SC Heerenveen) and Henri van der Vegt (Udinese) played attractive and successful football. In 1992–93, FC Zwolle narrowly missed promotion to the Eredivisie. In the KNVB Cup, FC Zwolle reached the quarter-finals, losing to Feyenoord in a penalty shootout.

After many failed attempts in the play-offs, FC Zwolle finally managed to secure a return to the Eredivisie by winning the First Division in 2002. In the 2002–03 Eredivisieseason, the club finished in 16th place and escaped relegation via the play-offs. A year later, they made a miserable start to the season, and had scored only seven points halfway through the season. An impressive run, with victories over the likes of SC Heerenveen and AZ, proved in vain, as FC Zwolle dropped from a 16th place (which would have placed them in the play-offs) to the 18th place (direct relegation) on the last day of the season. They lost 7–1 away at Feyenoord, while their rivals Vitesse and FC Volendam managed to beat their opponents FC Utrecht and RBC Roosendaal.

At the beginning of the 2004–05 season, FC Zwolle was considered one of the favourites for the title in the First Division, along with Sparta. However, it was another club from the province of Overijssel, Heracles Almelo, that won the title. FC Zwolle finished the season in fourth place, and had to play playoff matches against the second- and sixth-placed teams of the First Division (Sparta and Helmond Sport) and the seventeenth-placed team of the Eredivisie, De Graafschap. They finished bottom of their group, with one point from six matches, while Sparta won the group and clinched promotion and De Graafschap was relegated.

The 2005–06 season started well, with FC Zwolle fighting for the league's top spot in the first months. However, the results dwindled in November and December. Angry supporters threatened trainer-coach Hennie Spijkerman after a 0–5 home defeat against Excelsior, and Spijkerman resigned a few days later. The club's chairman announced that he would crack down on the supporters involved, and said that some had already received stadium bans of up to 9 years. Spijkerman's assistant trainer Harry Sinkgraven finished the season, leading the club to the play-offs, in which Eredivisie side Willem II proved too strong.

Former Feyenoord and Ajax player Jan Everse, who had already trained the club between 1996 and 1999, was presented as the new trainer-coach. He was faced with financial problems at the club, and the departure of key striker Santi Kolk. Many players from the club's youth teams were brought into the main squad, with mixed results. The team ended at the ninth place of the table during the 2006–07 season.

During the 2010–11 season FC Zwolle held the top spot for a long time, but had to leave the title to RKC Waalwijk. Zwolle ended in 2nd place and didn't achieve promotion. The 2011–12 season was more successful. FC Zwolle won the title and secured their return to the Eredivisie in the 2012–13 season. Shortly after winning the championship of the Eerste Divisie, the club announced that the name will be changed to PEC Zwolle again.[2]

In 2014, PEC Zwolle earned their first major silverware by winning the KNVB Cup, beating league champions Ajax 5–1 in the final. Thus, PEC Zwolle qualified for the UEFA Europa League for the first time.[3]

Stadiums[edit]

Oosterenkstadion[edit]

Main article: Oosterenkstadion

The old stadium was built in 1934 and demolished in 2007. It was located at Business park Oosterenk. Since the completion in 1934 two different clubs played in the stadium. PEC from 1934 till 1957, Zwolsche Boys from 1957 till 1970. Since 1970 PEC played its games at the Oosterenk Stadium. The stadium had to be demolished because the new stadium is located at the same spot as the Oosterenk Stadium is.

The Fred Patrick Stand in the new stadium

PEC Zwolle Stadion[edit]

Main article: PEC Zwolle Stadion

Officially since August 29, 2009 the stadium no longer in construction. Construction started at March 9, 2007. The first game in the new stadium was against MVV. The final score was 0–0. The first goal in the new stadium was made by FC Zwolle player Bram van Polen. It was scored on August 22, 2008 against SC Cambuur.

IJsseldelta Stadion[edit]

On July 12, 2012 the club officially announced the new name for their home ground, which is now called IJsseldelta Stadion.[4][5]

Rivalries[edit]

Main article: IJsselderby

PEC Zwolle biggest rival is Go Ahead Eagles.[6] Both clubs are located at the river IJssel, hence the name IJssel-derby. In the early years Go Ahead was the best club in the region but since the relegation to the Dutch First Division in 1987, Zwolle has won most derbies.

PEC Zwolle in the Eredivisie[edit]

Season Final
position
Points
scored
Matches
played
1978–79 8th 32 34
1979–80 14th 27 34
1980–81 9th 30 34
1981–82 15th 26 34
1982–83 13th 27 34
1983–84 14th 29 34
1984–85 18th 17 34 relegated
1986–87 11th 31 34
1987–88 13th 29 34
1988–89 16th 25 34 relegated
2002–03 16th 32 34
2003–04 18th 26 34 relegated
2012–13 11th 39 34
2013–14 11th 40 34

as FC Zwolle

Current squad[edit]

As of 6 July 2014

For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers winter 2013–14

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Netherlands GK Diederik Boer
2 Netherlands DF Bram van Polen (captain)
3 Netherlands DF Darryl Lachman
4 Netherlands DF Maikel van der Werff
5 Netherlands DF Bart van Hintum
6 Netherlands MF Mustafa Saymak
7 Netherlands FW Furdjel Narsingh
8 Greece FW Thanasis Karagounis
9 Netherlands FW Fred Benson
10 Netherlands MF Stef Nijland
11 Netherlands MF Jesper Drost
14 Netherlands DF Joost Broerse
15 Australia DF Trent Sainsbury
16 Belgium GK Kevin Begois
No. Position Player
17 Republic of Macedonia FW Denis Mahmudov
18 Netherlands FW Guyon Fernandez (on loan from Feyenoord)
19 Netherlands FW Giovanni Hiwat
20 Netherlands DF Haico Epe
21 Netherlands GK Leon ter Wielen
22 South Africa MF Kamohelo Mokotjo
24 Germany MF Theo Vogelsang
29 Bosnia and Herzegovina FW Boris Rasević
30 New Zealand MF Ryan Thomas
33 Belgium DF Leroy Labylle
37 Netherlands MF Youssef Fennich
38 Netherlands MF Giovanni Gravenbeek
40 Netherlands DF Steven Pereira
43 Poland MF Mateusz Klich

On loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Netherlands FW Ronnie Reniers (at FC Eindhoven until 30 June 2014)

Domestic results[edit]

Below is a table with FC Zwolle's domestic results since the introduction of professional football in 1956.

FC Zwolle made it to the final round of the national cup three times. They lost the first two of these matches, but won in 2014. The first was in 1928 against RHC Heemstede. The final score was 2–0. The second time they made it to the final was in 1977. The opponent that time was FC Twente. They lost 3–0 this time. The third time was in 2014, when they beat Ajax 5-1, subsequently claiming the cup for Zwolle for the first time in their history.

Honours[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Numbers[edit]

Eredivisie statistics[edit]

Games 476
Won 118
Lost 216
Draw 142
Points (twopointssystem) 378
Goals scored 585
Goals conceded 849
Seasons 14
Best finish 8 (1978/1979)
Worst finish 18 (1984/1985) 18 (2003/2004)

Last update: 18 May 2014

 

Eerste Divisie statistics[edit]

Games 1066
Won 479
Lost 292
Draw 295
Points (twopointssystem) 1253
Goals scored 1762
Goals conceded 1313
Seasons 30
Best finish 1 (1977/1978) 1 (2001/2002) 1 (2011/2012)
Worst finish 17 (1991/1992)
 

Tweede Divisie statistics[edit]

Games 468
Won 167
Lost 214
Draw 87
Points (twopointssystem) 421
Goals scored 766
Goals conceded 927
Seasons 15
Best finish 2 (1970/1971)
Worst finish 18 (1968/1969)

Overall statistics[edit]

Games 2010
Won 764
Lost 722
Draw 524
Points (twopointssystem) 2052
Goals scored 3113
Goals conceded 3092
Seasons 59

Lists[edit]

Topscorers[edit]

Managers[edit]

Chairmen[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tonie van Ringelestijn and Joël Groeneveld (May 1999). "Betaald voetbal in Zwolle van 1980 tot 1999. Van PEC naar FC Zwolle" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2007-03-17. "ZAC was een chique club van welgestelden ... Zwolsche Boys was de arbeidersclub en had vooral in de wijk Dieze zijn supporters. ... PEC ... was de club van de Zwolse middenstand." 
  2. ^ "Van FC naar PEC | PEC Zwolle" (in Dutch). Fczwolle.nl. Retrieved 2013-04-21. 
  3. ^ http://www.espnfc.com/blog/_/name/espnfcunited/id/14256?cc=5739
  4. ^ "Nieuwkomer PEC Zwolle verandert na clubnaam ook naam van thuishaven". Voetbalzone.nl. Retrieved 2013-04-21. 
  5. ^ "FC Zwolle Stadion wordt IJsseldelta Stadion | PEC Zwolle" (in Dutch). Peczwolle.nl. Retrieved 2013-04-21. 
  6. ^ Tonie van Ringelestijn and Joël Groeneveld (May 1999). "Betaald voetbal in Zwolle van 1980 tot 1999. Van PEC naar FC Zwolle" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2007-03-17. "FC Zwolle – Go Ahead Eagles Rivalry." 

External links[edit]