A.C. Milan

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Milan
AC Milan badge
Full name Associazione Calcio Milan S.p.A.[1]
Nickname(s) i Rossoneri (The Red and Blacks)
il Diavolo (The Devil)
Casciavit (Lombard for: Screwdrivers)
Founded 16 December 1899; 114 years ago (1899-12-16)[2]
Ground San Siro, Milan
Ground Capacity 80,018
Owner Silvio Berlusconi
Honorary President Silvio Berlusconi[3]
Head coach Filippo Inzaghi
League Serie A
2013–14 Serie A, 8th
Website Club home page
Current season

Associazione Calcio Milan (Italian pronunciation: [assotʃatˈtsjoːne ˈkaltʃo ˈmiːlan] ( )), commonly referred to as A.C. Milan or simply Milan, is a professional Italian football club based in Milan, Lombardy, that plays in Serie A. Milan was founded in 1899 by English lace-maker Herbert Kilpin and businessman Alfred Edwards among others.[2][4] The club has spent its entire history, with the exception of the 1980–81 and 1982–83 seasons, in the top flight of Italian football, known as Serie A since 1929–30.[2]

They are the second most successful club in world football in terms of international trophies along with Boca Juniors, with 18 officially recognised UEFA and FIFA titles.[5] Milan has won a record of three Intercontinental Cups and one of its successor, the FIFA Club World Cup.[5] Milan have also won the European Cup/Champions League on seven occasions,[5] second only to Real Madrid.[6] They have also won the UEFA Super Cup a record five times and the Cup Winners' Cup twice.[5] Milan has won every major competition in which it has competed, with the exception of the Europa League (in this competition they have lost two semi-finals in 1972 and in 2002). Domestically, with 18 league titles Milan is the joint-second most successful club in Serie A behind Juventus (30 titles), along with local rivals Inter.[7] They have also won the Coppa Italia five times, as well as a record six Supercoppa Italiana triumphs.[5]

Milan's home games are played at San Siro, also known as the Stadio Giuseppe Meazza. The stadium, which is shared with Inter, is the largest in Italian football, with a total capacity of 80,018.[8] Inter are considered their biggest rivals, and matches between the two teams are called Derby della Madonnina, which is one of the most followed derbies in football.[9] As of 2010, Milan is the third most supported team in Italy,[10] and the seventh most supported team in Europe, ahead of any other Italian team.[11]

The owner of the club is former Italian Prime Minister and controlling shareholder of Mediaset Silvio Berlusconi, and the vice-president is Adriano Galliani. The club is one of the wealthiest and most valuable in Italian and world football.[12] It was a founding member of the now-defunct G-14 group of Europe's leading football clubs as well as its replacement, the European Club Association.[13]

History

Main article: History of A.C. Milan
A black-and-white picture of Herbert Kilpin, the first captain of A.C. Milan
Herbert Kilpin, the first captain of A.C. Milan

A.C. Milan was founded as Milan Cricket and Foot-Ball Club on 16 December 1899 by English expatriates Alfred Edwards and Herbert Kilpin,[4] who came from the English city of Nottingham. In honour of its English origins, the club has retained the English spelling of the city's name, as opposed to the Italian spelling Milano which it was forced to bear under the fascist regime. Milan won its first Italian championship in 1901 and a further two in succession in 1906 and 1907.[2]

In 1908, Milan experienced a split caused by internal disagreements over the signing of foreign players, which led to the forming of another Milan-based team, F.C. Internazionale Milano.[14] Following these events, Milan did not manage to win a single domestic title until 1950–51.[5] The 1950s saw the club return to the top of Italian football, headed by the famous Gre-No-Li Swedish trio Gunnar Gren, Gunnar Nordahl and Nils Liedholm. This was one of the club's most successful periods domestically, with the Scudetto going to Milan in 1951, 1955, 1957, 1959 and 1962.[5] In 1963, Milan won its first continental title by beating S.L. Benfica in the final of the European Cup.[15] This success was repeated in 1969, with a 4–1 win over AFC Ajax in the final, which was followed by the Intercontinental Cup title the same year.[5] During this period Milan also won its first Coppa Italia, with victory over Padova in the 1967 final, and three European Cup Winners' Cups; in 1967–68, 1972–73 and 1973–74.[5]

Milan won a tenth league title in 1979, but after the retirement of Gianni Rivera in the same year, the team went into a period of decline. The club was involved in the 1980 Totonero scandal and as punishment was relegated to Serie B for the first time in its history.[16] The scandal was centred around a betting syndicate paying players and officials to fix the outcome of matches.[16] Milan achieved promotion back to Serie A at the first attempt, winning the 1980–81 Serie B title,[5] but were again relegated a year later as the team ended its 1981–82 campaign in third last place. In 1983, Milan won the Serie B title for the second time in three seasons to return to Serie A,[5] where they achieved a sixth place finish in 1983–84.

On 20 February 1986, entrepreneur Silvio Berlusconi acquired the club and saved it from bankruptcy investing vast amounts of money,[2] appointing rising manager Arrigo Sacchi at the helm of the Rossoneri and signing the Dutch trio of Ruud Gullit, Marco van Basten and Frank Rijkaard.[2] The Dutch trio added an attacking impetus to the team, and complimented the club's Italian internationals Paolo Maldini, Franco Baresi, Alessandro Costacurta and Roberto Donadoni. Under Sacchi, Milan won its first Scudetto in nine years in the 1987–88 season. The following year the club won its first European Cup in two decades, beating Romanian club Steaua București 4–0 in the final. Milan retained their title with a 1–0 win over Benfica a year later and remain the last team to win back-to-back European Cups.[17] The Milan team of 1989–90 has been voted the best club side of all time, in a global poll of experts conducted by World Soccer magazine.[18]

After Sacchi left Milan in 1991, he was replaced by the club's former player Fabio Capello whose team won three consecutive Serie A titles between 1992 and 1994, a spell which included a 58 match unbeaten run in Serie A[19] and back-to-back UEFA Champions League final appearances in 1993 and 1994. A year after losing 1–0 to Olympique de Marseille in the 1993 Champions League final, the team reached its peak in one of Milan's most memorable matches of all time, the famous 4–0 win over Barcelona in the 1994 Champions League final.[19] Capello's team went on to win the 1995–96 league title before he left to coach Real Madrid in 1996.[19] In 1998–99, after a two-year period of decline, Milan lifted its 16th championship in the club's centenary season.

Carlo Ancelotti won the UEFA Champions League twice as Milan manager

Milan's next period of success came under another former player, Carlo Ancelotti. After his appointment in November 2001, Ancelotti took Milan to the 2003 Champions League final, where they defeated Juventus on penalties to win the club's sixth European Cup.[20] The team then won the Scudetto in 2003–04, before reaching the 2005 Champions League final, where they were beaten by Liverpool on penalties despite leading 3–0 at half time.[20] Two years later, the two teams met again in the 2007 Champions League final with Milan winning 2–1 to lift the title for a seventh time.[20][21] The team then won its first FIFA Club World Cup in December 2007.[22] In 2009, after becoming Milan's second longest serving coach, with 420 matches overseen,[22] Ancelotti left the club to take over as head-coach at Chelsea.

During this period, the club was involved in the Calciopoli scandal, where five teams were accused of fixing matches by selecting favourable referees.[23] A police inquiry excluded any involvement of Milan managers,[24] but FIGC unilaterally decided that it had sufficient evidence to charge Milan vice-president, Adriano Galliani. As a result, Milan was initially punished with a 15-point deduction and was initially banned from the 2006–07 UEFA Champions League. An appeal saw that penalty reduced to eight points,[25] which allowed the club to retain its Champions League participation.

Following the aftermath of Calciopoli, local rivals Internazionale dominated Serie A, winning four Scudetti. However, with the help a strong squad boasting players such as Zlatan Ibrahimović, Robinho and Alexandre Pato joining many of the veterans of the club's mid-decade European successes, Milan recaptured the Scudetto in the 2010–11 Serie A season, their first since the 2003–04 season, and 18th overall.[26][27]

Colours and badge

Shirt worn by Milan in the 2007 Champions League Final

Red and black are the colours which have represented the club throughout its entire history. They were chosen to represent the players' fiery ardor (red) and the opponents' fear to challenge the team (black). Rossoneri, the team's widely used nickname, literally means "the red & blacks" in Italian, in reference to the colours of the stripes on its jersey.[28]

Another nickname derived from the club's colours is the Devil. An image of a red devil was used as Milan's logo at one point with a Golden Star for Sport Excellence located next to it.[29] As is customary in Italian football, the star above the logo was awarded to the club after winning 10 league titles, in 1979. For many years, Milan's badge was simply the Flag of Milan, which was originally the flag of Saint Ambrose.[29] The modern badge used today represents the club colours and the flag of the Comune di Milano, with the acronym ACM at the top and the foundation year (1899) at the bottom.[29]

White shorts and black socks are usually worn as part of the home strip. Milan's away strip has always been completely white.[30] It is considered by both the fans and the club to be a lucky strip in Champions League finals, due to the fact that Milan has won six finals out of eight in an all white strip (losing only to Ajax in 1995 and Liverpool in 2005), and only won one out of three in the home strip. The third strip, which is rarely used, changes yearly, being mostly black with red trimmings in recent seasons.

Stadium

Stadio Giuseppe Meazza
San Siro
2009-08 Derby- AC Milan vs Inter at San Siro.jpg
Location Via Piccolomini 5,
20151 Milan, Italy
Owner Municipality of Milan
Operator AC Milan and Internazionale
Capacity 80,018 seated
Construction
Broke ground 1925
Opened 19 September 1926
Renovated 1939, 1955, 1989
Construction cost £5,000,000 (1926), £5,100,000 (1939), $60,000,000 (1989)
Architect Ulisse Stacchini (1925), Giancarlo Ragazzi (1989), Enrico Hoffer (1989)
Tenants
AC Milan (1926–present), Internazionale (1947–present)
For more details on this topic, see San Siro.

The team's stadium is the 80,018 seat San Siro, officially known as Stadio Giuseppe Meazza after the former player who represented both Milan and Internazionale. The more commonly used name, San Siro, is the name of the district where it is located. San Siro has been the home of Milan since 1926, when it was privately built by funding from Milan's president at the time, Piero Pirelli. Construction was performed by 120 workers, and took 13 and a half months to complete. The stadium was owned by the club until it was sold to the city council in 1935, and since 1947 has been shared with Internazionale, when the other major Milanese club was accepted as joint tenant.

The first game played at the stadium was on 19 September 1926, when Milan lost 6–3 in a friendly match against Internazionale. Milan played its first league game in San Siro on 19 September 1926, losing 1–2 to Sampierdarenese. From an initial capacity of 35,000 spectators, the stadium has undergone several major renovations, most recently in preparation for the 1990 FIFA World Cup when its capacity was set to 85,700, all covered with a polycarbonate roof. In the summer of 2008 its capacity has been reduced to 80,018, to meet the new standards set by UEFA.

Based on the English model for stadiums, San Siro is specifically designed for football matches, as opposed to many multi-purpose stadiums used in Serie A. It is therefore renowned in Italy for its fantastic atmosphere during matches, thanks to the closeness of the stands to the pitch. The frequent use of flares by supporters contributes to the atmosphere but the practice has occasionally caused problems.

On 19 December 2005, Milan vice-president and executive director Adriano Galliani announced that the club is seriously working towards a relocation. He said that Milan's new stadium will be largely based on the Veltins-Arena and will follow the standards of football stadiums in the United States, Germany and Spain. As opposed to many other stadiums in Italy, Milan's new stadium will likely be used for football only, having no athletics track. The new stadium's naming rights will be probably sold to a sponsor, similarly to Arsenal's Emirates Stadium.[31] It remains to be seen if this plan will proceed or if this is just a ploy to force the owners (Comune di Milano) to sell the stadium to Milan for a nominal fee so as to proceed with extensive renovations. The possibility of Internazionale vacating San Siro may affect proceedings.

Supporters and rivalries

Milan is one of the best supported football clubs in Italy, according to research conducted by Italian newspaper La Repubblica.[32] Historically, Milan was supported by the city's working-class and trade unionists.[33] On the other hand, crosstown rivals Internazionale were mainly supported by the more prosperous and typically Milanese middle-class.[33] One of the oldest ultras groups in all of Italian football, Fossa dei Leoni, originated in Milan.[34] Currently, the main ultras group within the support base is Brigate Rossonere.[34] Politically, Milan ultras have never had any particular preference,[34] but the media traditionally associated them with the left-wing,[35] until recently, when Berlusconi's presidency somewhat altered that view.[36]

According to a study from 2010, Milan is the most supported Italian team in Europe and seventh overall, with over 18.4 million fans.[11] AC Milan had the ninth highest average attendance of European football clubs during the 2010–11 season, behind Borussia Dortmund, FC Barcelona, Manchester United, Real Madrid, Bayern Munich, Schalke, Arsenal, and Hamburg.[37][38][39][40][41]

Genoa fans consider Milan a hated rival after Genoa fan, Vincenzo Spagnolo was stabbed to death by a Milan supporter in January 1995.[42] However, Milan's main rivalry is with neighbour club, Internazionale; both clubs meet in the widely anticipated Derby della Madonnina twice every Serie A season. The name of the derby refers to the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose statue atop the Milan Cathedral is one of the city's main attractions. The match usually creates a lively atmosphere, with numerous (often humorous or offensive) banners unfolded before the start of the game. Flares are commonly present and contribute to the spectacle but they have occasionally led to problems, including the abandonment of the second leg of the 2004–05 Champions League quarterfinal match between Milan and Inter on 12 April 2005, after a flare thrown from the crowd by an Inter supporter struck Milan keeper Dida on the shoulder.[43]

Players

First team squad

As of 1 September 2014.[44]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Italy GK Michael Agazzi
2 Italy DF Mattia De Sciglio
4 Ghana MF Sulley Muntari
5 France DF Philippe Mexès
7 France FW Jérémy Ménez
8 Italy MF Riccardo Saponara
9 Spain FW Fernando Torres (on loan from Chelsea)[45]
10 Japan FW Keisuke Honda
11 Italy FW Giampaolo Pazzini
13 France DF Adil Rami
14 Italy DF Michelangelo Albertazzi
15 Ghana MF Michael Essien
16 Italy MF Andrea Poli
17 Colombia DF Cristián Zapata
No. Position Player
18 Italy MF Riccardo Montolivo (captain)[46]
19 France FW M'Baye Niang
20 Italy DF Ignazio Abate
23 Spain GK Diego López
25 Italy DF Daniele Bonera
27 Colombia DF Pablo Armero (on loan from Udinese)[47]
28 Netherlands MF Marco van Ginkel (on loan from Chelsea)[48]
32 Italy GK Christian Abbiati (vice-captain)[46]
33 Brazil DF Alex
34 Netherlands MF Nigel de Jong
81 Italy DF Cristian Zaccardo
89 Italy MF Giacomo Bonaventura
92 Italy FW Stephan El Shaarawy
98 Italy FW Hachim Mastour
For recent transfers, see 2014–15 A.C. Milan season.

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Gabriel (at Carpi until 30 June 2015)[49]
Italy GK Edoardo Pazzagli (at Pistoiese until 30 June 2015)[50]
Romania DF Cristian Daminuță (at Viitorul until 30 June 2015)[51]
Brazil DF Marcus Diniz (at Lecce until 30 June 2015)[52]
Italy DF Johad Ferretti (at SPAL until 30 June 2015)[53]
Italy DF Cristian Galliani (at Varese until 30 June 2015)[54]
Italy DF Marco Pinato (at Lanciano until 30 June 2015)[55]
Czech Republic DF Stefan Šimić (at Varese until 30 June 2015)[56]
Hungary DF Krisztián Tamás (at Varese until 30 June 2015)[57]
Colombia DF Jherson Vergara (at Avellino until 30 June 2015)[58]
Spain DF Dídac Vilà (at Eibar until 30 June 2015)[59]
Slovenia MF Žan Benedičič (at Leeds until 30 June 2015)[60]
Slovenia MF Valter Birsa (at Chievo until 30 June 2015)[61]
No. Position Player
Hungary MF Attila Filkor (at Avellino until 30 June 2015)[62]
Italy MF Marco Ezio Fossati (at Perugia until 30 June 2015)[63]
Ghana MF Edmund Hottor (at Venezia until 30 June 2015)[64]
Italy MF Alessio Innocenti (at Gorica until 30 June 2015)[65]
Italy MF Antonio Nocerino (at Torino until 30 June 2015)[66]
Italy FW Giacomo Beretta (at Pro Vercelli until 30 June 2015)[67]
Italy FW Matteo Chinellato (at Südtirol until 30 June 2016)[68]
Italy FW Gianmario Comi (at Avellino until 30 June 2015)[69]
Italy FW Alessandro Matri (at Genoa until 30 June 2015)[70]
Nigeria FW Nnamdi Oduamadi (at Crotone until 30 June 2015)[71]
Italy FW Andrea Petagna (at Latina until 30 June 2015)[72]
Brazil FW Robinho (at Santos until 30 June 2015)[73]
Italy FW Gianmarco Zigoni (at Monza until 30 June 2015)[74]

Co-ownerships

The following are players who have been transferred to another team with Milan retaining the right of participation (i.e. 50% of the patrimonial rights) to their contracts. Co-ownership are set to be banned in July 2015. For further information, see: Co-ownership (football).

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Italy MF Simone Verdi (Torino,[75] but currently on loan at Empoli)[76]

Youth team squad

Main article: A.C. Milan Primavera

Notable players

For a list of every Milan player with 100 or more appearances, see List of A.C. Milan players.
For a list of every Milan player who has been called up by Italy, see A.C. Milan and the Italian national football team.

Retired numbers

No. Player Nationality Position Milan debut Last match Ref
3* Maldini, PaoloPaolo Maldini  Italy Centre back / Left back 25 January 1985 31 May 2009 [77]
6 Baresi, FrancoFranco Baresi  Italy Sweeper 23 April 1978 1 June 1997 [77]

* Might be restored for one of his two sons, should either of them play professionally for the club.

Current coaching staff

As of 19 July 2014.[78]
Position Name
Head coach Filippo Inzaghi
Assistant coaches Mauro Tassotti
Fulvio Fiorin
Goalkeeping coach Alfredo Magni
Technical assistants Andrea Maldera
Nicola Matteucci
Giovanni Vio
Fitness coaches Daniele Tognaccini
Bruno Dominici

Presidents and managers

Presidential history

Milan has had numerous presidents over the course of its history, some of whom have been owners of the club while others have been honorary presidents. Here is a complete list of them.[79]

 
Name Years
Alfred Edwards 1899–1909
Giannino Camperio 1909
Piero Pirelli 1909–1928
Luigi Ravasco 1928–1930
Mario Bernazzoli 1930–1933
Luigi Ravasco 1933–1935
Pietro Annoni 1935
Pietro Annoni
G. Lorenzini
Rino Valdameri
1935–1936
Emilio Colombo 1936–1939
Achille Invernizzi 1939–1940
 
Name Years
Umberto Trabattoni 1940–1944
Antonio Busini 1944–1945
Umberto Trabattoni 1945–1954
Andrea Rizzoli 1954–1963
Felice Riva 1963–1965
Federico Sordillo 1965–1966
Franco Carraro 1967–1971
Federico Sordillo 1971–1972
Albino Buticchi 1972–1975
Bruno Pardi 1975–1976
Vittorio Duina 1976–1977
 
Name Years
Felice Colombo 1977–1980
Gaetano Morazzoni 1980–1982
Giuseppe Farina 1982–1986
Rosario Lo Verde 1986
Silvio Berlusconi 1986–2004
Presidential Commission 2004–2006
Silvio Berlusconi 2006–2008
Presidential Commission 2008–2012
Silvio Berlusconi 2012–

Managerial history

Below is a list of Milan coaches from 1900 until the present day.[80]

 
Name Nationality Years
Herbert Kilpin England 1900–1908
Daniele Angeloni Italy 1906–1907
Technical Commission Italy 1907–1910
Giovanni Camperio Italy 1910–1911
Technical Commission Italy 1911–1914
Guido Moda Italy 1915–1922
Ferdi Oppenheim Austria 1922–1924
Vittorio Pozzo Italy 1924–1926
Guido Moda Italy 1926
Herbert Burgess England 1926–1928
Engelbert König Austria 1928–1931
József Bánás Hungary 1931–1933
József Viola Hungary 1933–1934
Adolfo Baloncieri Italy 1934–1937
William Garbutt England 1937
Hermann Felsner
József Bánás
Austria
Hungary
1937–1938
József Viola Hungary 1938–1940
Guido Ara
Antonio Busini
Italy
Italy
1940–1941
Mario Magnozzi Italy 1941–1943
Giuseppe Santagostino Italy 1943–1945
Adolfo Baloncieri Italy 1945–1946
Giuseppe Bigogno Italy 1946–1949
Lajos Czeizler Hungary 1949–1952
Gunnar Gren Sweden 1952
Mario Sperone Italy 1952–1953
Béla Guttmann Hungary 1953–1954
Antonio Busini Italy 1954
Hector Puricelli Uruguay 1954–1956
Giuseppe Viani Italy 1957–1960
Paolo Todeschini Italy 1960–1961
Nereo Rocco Italy 1961–1963
Luis Carniglia Argentina 1963–1964
Nils Liedholm Sweden 1963–1966
Giovanni Cattozzo Italy 1966
Arturo Silvestri Italy 1966–1967
 
Name Nationality Years
Nereo Rocco Italy 1967–1972
Cesare Maldini Italy 1973–1974
Giovanni Trapattoni Italy 1974
Gustavo Giagnoni Italy 1974–1975
Nereo Rocco Italy 1975
Paolo Barison Italy 1975–1976
Giovanni Trapattoni Italy 1976
Giuseppe Marchioro Italy 1976–1977
Nereo Rocco Italy 1977
Nils Liedholm Sweden 1977–1979
Massimo Giacomini Italy 1979–1981
Italo Galbiati Italy 1981
Luigi Radice Italy 1981–1982
Italo Galbiati Italy 1982
Francesco Zagatti Italy 1982
Ilario Castagner Italy 1982–1984
Italo Galbiati Italy 1984
Nils Liedholm Sweden 1984–1987
Fabio Capello Italy 1987
Arrigo Sacchi Italy 1987–1991
Fabio Capello Italy 1991–1996
Óscar Tabárez Uruguay 1996
Giorgio Morini Italy 1996–1997
Arrigo Sacchi Italy 1997
Fabio Capello Italy 1997–1998
Alberto Zaccheroni Italy 1998–2001
Cesare Maldini
Mauro Tassotti
Italy 2001
Fatih Terim
Antonio Di Gennaro
Turkey
Italy
2001
Carlo Ancelotti Italy 2001–2009
Leonardo Brazil 2009–2010
Massimiliano Allegri Italy 2010–2014
Mauro Tassotti (caretaker) Italy 2014
Clarence Seedorf Netherlands 2014
Filippo Inzaghi Italy 2014–present

Honours

Milan is one of the most successful clubs in Italy, having won a total of 29 major trophies. Together with Boca Juniors,[81] Milan is the second most successful club in the world in terms of international competitions won, with a record of 14 European trophies and four World titles. Milan has earned the right to place a star on its jersey in recognition of the fact that it has won at least ten scudetti. In addition, the club is permanently allowed to display a multiple-winner badge on its shirt as it has won more than five European Championship Cups.[82]

Domestic

League

A.C. Milan lifting the European Cup after winning the 2002–03 UEFA Champions League.

Cups

European

Milan players celebrate winning the Champions League.

Worldwide

Club statistics and records

For more details on this topic, see List of A.C. Milan records and statistics.
Paolo Maldini made a record 902 appearances for Milan, including 647 in Serie A

Paolo Maldini holds the records for both total appearances and Serie A appearances for Milan, with 902 official games played in total and 647 in Serie A (as of 31 May 2009, not including playoff matches),[83] the latter being an all time Serie A record.[84]

Swedish forward Gunnar Nordahl scored 38 goals in the 1950–51 season, 35 of which were in Serie A, setting an Italian football and club record. He went on to become Milan's all time top goalscorer, scoring 221 goals for the club in 268 games.[85] He is followed in second place by Andriy Shevchenko with 175 goals in 322 games, and Gianni Rivera in third place, who has scored 164 goals in 658 games. Rivera is also Milan's youngest ever goalscorer, scoring in a league match against Juventus at just 17 years.

Legendary tactician Nereo Rocco, the first proponent of catenaccio in the country, was Milan's longest serving head coach, sitting on the bench for over 9 years (in two spells) in the 1960s and early 1970s, winning the club's first European Cup triumphs. Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, who purchased the club in 1986, is Milan's longest serving president (23 years, due to a two-year vacancy between 2004 and 2006).

The first official match in which Milan participated was in the Third Federal Football Championship, the predecessor of Serie A, losing 3–0 to Torinese. Milan's biggest ever victory was 13–0 versus Audax Modena, in a league match at the 1914–15 season. Its heaviest defeat was recorded in the league at the 1922–23 season, beaten 0–8 by Bologna.

During the 1991–92 season, the club achieved the feature of being the first team to win the Serie A title without losing a single game. Previously, only Perugia had managed to go unbeaten over an entire Serie A season (1978–79), but finished second in the table. In total, Milan's unbeaten streak lasted 58 games, starting with a 0–0 draw against Parma on 26 May 1991 and coincidentally ending with a 1–0 home loss to Parma on 21 March 1993. This is a Serie A record as well as the third longest unbeaten run in top flight European football, coming in behind Steaua Bucureşti's record of 104 unbeaten games and Celtic's 68 game unbeaten run.[86][87]

Along with Boca Juniors, Milan won more FIFA recognised international club titles than any other club in the world.[88]

The sale of Kaká to Real Madrid in 2009, broke the 8-year-old world football transfer record held by Zinedine Zidane, costing the Spanish club £56 million.[89] However, that record lasted for less than a month, broken by Cristiano Ronaldo's £80 million transfer. This record, however, is in terms of nominal British pound rates, not adjusted to inflation or the real value in Euro, the currency used in Italy and Spain.

A.C. Milan as a company

A.C. Milan (Group)
(In Millions of Euros)
Year Result Turnover
2006[90] 11.904 305.111
2007[91] −31.7 Decrease 275.442 Decrease
2008[92] −66.8 Decrease 237.9 Decrease
2009[93] −9.8 Increase 327.6 Increase
2010[94] −69.751 Decrease 253.196 Decrease
2011[95] −67.334 Increase 266.811 Increase
2012 −6.9 Increase 329.1 Increase

Milan is a subsidiary of Fininvest Group since 1986. The office of club president has been vacant since 8 May 2008, following a new Italian law that forbids the country's prime minister, Silvio Berlusconi, to have other managing roles in private companies or clubs.[96] The vice-president and CEO of the company is Adriano Galliani.

According to The Football Money League published by consultants Deloitte, in the 2005–06 season, Milan was the fifth highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €233.7 million.[97] However it fell to 8th in 2011–12 season.[98] The club is also ranked as the sixth wealthiest football club in the world by Forbes magazine as of 2011, making it the wealthiest in Italian football.[12]

Fly Emirates is the current main sponsor for Milan's shirt starting for the 2010–11 season and lasting 5 years,[99] after 4 years with Austrian online betting company bwin.com as the sponsor.

Previously, the German car manufacturer Opel (owned by GM) had sponsored Milan for 12 seasons. For most of them, Opel was displayed on the front of the shirt, but in the 2003–04 and the 2005–06 seasons respectively, Meriva and Zafira (two cars from their range) were displayed.[citation needed]

The current shirts are supplied by German sportswear manufacturer Adidas, whose deal runs to the end of the 2017–18 season.[100] The deal makes Adidas the official manufacturer of all kits, training equipment and replica outfits. Prior to Adidas, the Italian sports company Lotto produced Milan's sportswear.

On 14 January 2008, Milan and Adidas renewed the sponsorship contract until 30 June 2018. According to the new contract, Adidas will be responsible for 3 separate areas of sponsorship; the sponsorship on the shirt, the merchandising and the distribution of all non-football related Milan products.[101]

AC Milan Group made an aggregate net loss in recent year, was one of the largest among the Italian clubs, which: 2005, net loss of €4.5 million (separate account);[102] 2006, a net income of €11.904 million (contributed by the sales of Shevchenko);[102] 2007, a net loss of €32 million;[103] 2008, a net loss of €77 million;[104] 2009, a net loss of €19 million (contributed by the sales of Kaká);[105] 2010 a net loss of €65 million;[106] 2011 a net loss of €67.334 million[107] and most recently a net loss of €6.857 million (contributed by the sales of Thiago Silva and Ibrahimović).[108]

AC Milan had re-capitalization of €75 million in 2007 financial year;[109] €93 million in 2008; €18 million in 2009[110] and €44 million in 2010[111] (€20.9 million of the capital increase was converted from shareholder loan); €87 million in 2011;[112] €29 million in 2012.[113] However, the group has had negative equity at the end of each fiscal year since 2006. The balance was €40.8 million in 2006, €47.5 million in 2007, €64.5 million in 2008, €72 million in 2009, €96.6 million in 2010, €77.091 million in 2011 and €54.948 million in 2012.

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors

Years Kit manufacturer Sponsor
Brand Company
1981–82 Linea Milan Pooh Jeans Italiana Manifatture S.p.A.
1982–83 NR Hitachi Hitachi Europe Srl
1983–84 Cuore
1984–85 Rolly Go Oscar Mondadori Arnoldo Mondadori Editore S.p.A.
1985–86 Gianni Rivera Fotorex U-Bix Olivetti S.p.A.
1986–87 Kappa
1987–90 Mediolanum
1990–92 Adidas
1992–93 Motta
1993–94 Lotto
1994–98 Opel
1998–06 Adidas
2006–10 Bwin
2010–15 Fly Emirates The Emirates Group

Superleague Formula

A.C. Milan Superleague Formula car

Milan had a team in the Superleague Formula race car series where teams are sponsored by football clubs. Robert Doornbos, formerly driving for Minardi and Red Bull Racing in the Formula One World Championship, drove for Milan in 2008.[114] Doornbos won his first race for the team at Nürburgring, Germany. Giorgio Pantano is driving for Milan in the 2009 season and he has also won races for the team.[115] The team folded in 2010 along with the series in 2011.

See also

Club related topics

Historical information

Lists

Records and recognitions

Economic rankings

References

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External links

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