FIFA World Player of the Year

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This article is about the current women's World Player of the Year award, formerly presented to men as well. For the new men's World Player of the Year award, see FIFA Ballon d'Or.
Sepp Blatter holds up the agreement creating the FIFA Ballon d'Or in Johannesburg in July 2010

The FIFA World Player of the Year is an association football award presented to the player voted as best in the world by coaches and captains of international teams. It began in 1991 as an award for the best men's player in the world In a voting system based on positional voting, each coach has three votes, worth five points, three points and one point, and the winners are ordered based on total number of points.

European-based Brazilian players have dominated the award, winning 8 out of 18 times, ahead of the second country France, which won it three times. In terms of individual players who have received the award, Brazil leads with five, followed by Italy and Portugal with two each.[1][2]

The award's youngest winner was Ronaldo, who won at the age of 20 in 1996.[3] He won it again in 1997 and 2002. Both Ronaldo and Ronaldinho won twice in a row. Ronaldo and Zinedine Zidane won the award three times. The oldest winner is Fabio Cannavaro, who was 33 when he won in 2006.[4]

In 2010, the FIFA World Player of the Year and France Football's Ballon d'Or award were merged and the world's best male player has since been awarded the FIFA Ballon d'Or each year.[5]

A women's award was added in 2001. The women's award has had fewer individual winners. So far, only six players—two Americans, two Germans, one Brazilian, and one Japanese—have won the award. The three women who have won only one award are the most recent winners: Homare Sawa in 2011, Abby Wambach in 2012, and Nadine Angerer in 2013. Marta has won it five times in a row, Birgit Prinz won three times in a row, and Mia Hamm won twice in a row. The oldest winner is Angerer, who was 35 when she won in 2013; she is also the only goalkeeper to win either the women's or men's award. The youngest winner is Marta, who won in 2006 at age 20.

Nomination and selection process

Following criticism from some sections of the media over nominations in previous years, in 2004 FIFA drew up a short list of 35 men and 21 women from which national team managers and, for the first time, team captains and representatives from FIFPro (the worldwide representative organisation for professional players) could vote.[6]

Winners

List of male winners

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
1991 Germany Lothar Matthäus (Internazionale) France Jean-Pierre Papin (Marseille) England Gary Lineker (Tottenham Hotspur)
1992 Netherlands Marco van Basten (Milan) Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov (Barcelona) Germany Thomas Häßler (Roma)
1993 Italy Roberto Baggio (Juventus) Brazil Romário (Barcelona, PSV Eindhoven) Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp (Internazionale, Ajax)
1994 Brazil Romário (Barcelona) Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov (Barcelona) Italy Roberto Baggio (Juventus)
1995 Liberia George Weah (Milan, Paris Saint-Germain) Italy Paolo Maldini (Milan) Germany Jürgen Klinsmann (Bayern Munich, Tottenham Hotspur)
1996 Brazil Ronaldo (Barcelona, PSV Eindhoven) Liberia George Weah (Milan) England Alan Shearer (Newcastle United, Blackburn Rovers)
1997 Brazil Ronaldo (Internazionale, Barcelona) Brazil Roberto Carlos (Real Madrid) Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp (Arsenal)
France Zinedine Zidane (Juventus)
1998 France Zinedine Zidane (Juventus) Brazil Ronaldo (Internazionale) Croatia Davor Šuker (Real Madrid)
1999 Brazil Rivaldo (Barcelona) England David Beckham (Manchester United) Argentina Gabriel Batistuta (Fiorentina)
2000 France Zinedine Zidane (Juventus) Portugal Luís Figo (Real Madrid, Barcelona) Brazil Rivaldo (Barcelona)
2001 Portugal Luís Figo (Real Madrid) England David Beckham (Manchester United) Spain Raúl (Real Madrid)
2002 Brazil Ronaldo (Real Madrid, Internazionale) Germany Oliver Kahn (Bayern Munich) France Zinedine Zidane (Real Madrid)
2003 France Zinedine Zidane (Real Madrid) France Thierry Henry (Arsenal) Brazil Ronaldo (Real Madrid)
2004 Brazil Ronaldinho (Barcelona) France Thierry Henry (Arsenal) Ukraine Andriy Shevchenko (Milan)
2005 Brazil Ronaldinho (Barcelona) England Frank Lampard (Chelsea) Cameroon Samuel Eto'o (Barcelona)
2006 Italy Fabio Cannavaro (Real Madrid, Juventus) France Zinedine Zidane (Real Madrid) Brazil Ronaldinho (Barcelona)
2007 Brazil Kaká (Milan) Argentina Lionel Messi (Barcelona) Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo (Manchester United)
2008 Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo (Manchester United) Argentina Lionel Messi (Barcelona) Spain Fernando Torres (Liverpool)
2009 Argentina Lionel Messi (Barcelona) Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo (Manchester United) Spain Xavi (Barcelona)
Since 2010, the world's best player has been awarded the FIFA Ballon d'Or.

Wins by player

# Player First place Second place Third place
1 France Zinedine Zidane 3 1 2
2 Brazil Ronaldo 3 1 1
3 Brazil Ronaldinho 2 0 1
4 Argentina Lionel Messi 1 2 0
5 Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo 1 1 1
6 Portugal Luís Figo 1 1 0
Brazil Romário 1 1 0
Liberia George Weah 1 1 0
9 Brazil Rivaldo 1 0 1
Italy Roberto Baggio 1 0 1
11 Brazil Kaká 1 0 0
12 Italy Fabio Cannavaro 1 0 0
Netherlands Marco van Basten 1 0 0
Germany Lothar Matthäus 1 0 0
15 France Thierry Henry 0 2 0
England David Beckham 0 2 0
Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov 0 2 0
18 England Frank Lampard 0 1 0
Germany Oliver Kahn 0 1 0
Brazil Roberto Carlos 0 1 0
Italy Paolo Maldini 0 1 0
France Jean-Pierre Papin 0 1 0
23 Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp 0 0 2
24 Spain Xavi 0 0 1
Spain Fernando Torres 0 0 1
Cameroon Samuel Eto'o 0 0 1
Ukraine Andriy Shevchenko 0 0 1
Spain Raúl 0 0 1
Argentina Gabriel Batistuta 0 0 1
Croatia Davor Šuker 0 0 1
England Alan Shearer 0 0 1
Germany Jürgen Klinsmann 0 0 1
Germany Thomas Häßler 0 0 1
England Gary Lineker 0 0 1

Wins by country

Table of winners categorised by the player's nationality (not the nationality of his club).

# Country First place Second place Third place
1  Brazil 8 (1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2007) 3 (1993, 1997, 1998) 3 (2000, 2003, 2006)
2  France 3 (1998, 2000, 2003) 4 (1991, 2003, 2004, 2006) 2 (1997*, 2002)
3  Portugal 2 (2001, 2008) 2 (2000, 2009) 1 (2007)
4  Italy 2 (1993, 2006) 1 (1995) 1 (1994)
5  Argentina 1 (2009) 2 (2007, 2008) 1 (1999)
6  Germany 1 (1991) 1 (2002) 2 (1992, 1995)
7  Liberia 1 (1995) 1 (1996) 0
8  Netherlands 1 (1992) 0 2 (1993, 1997*)
9  England 0 3 (1999, 2001, 2005) 2 (1991, 1996)
10  Bulgaria 0 2 (1992, 1994) 0
11  Spain 0 0 3 (2001, 2008, 2009)
12  Croatia 0 0 1 (1998)
12  Ukraine 0 0 1 (2004)
12  Cameroon 0 0 1 (2005)

* There was a tie for that place

Wins by club

# Club First place Second place Third place
1 Spain Barcelona 7 (1994, 1996*, 1997**, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2009) 6 (1992, 1993*, 1994, 2000**, 2007, 2008) 4 (2000, 2005, 2006, 2009)
2 Spain Real Madrid 4 (2001, 2002*, 2003, 2006*) 4 (1997, 2000*, 2006***, 2009*) 3 (1998, 2001, 2003)
3 Italy Juventus 4 (1993, 1998, 2000, 2006**) 0 2 (1994, 1997)
4 Italy Milan 3 (1992, 1995*, 2007) 2 (1995, 1996) 1 (2004)
5 Italy Internazionale 3 (1991, 1997*, 2002**) 1 (1998) 1 (1993*)
6 England Manchester United 1 (2008) 3 (1999, 2001, 2009**) 1 (2007)
7 Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 1 (1996**) 1 (1993**) 0
8 France Paris Saint-Germain 1 (1995**) 0 0
9 England Arsenal 0 2 (2003, 2004) 1 (1997)
10 Germany Bayern Munich 0 1 (2002) 1 (1995*)
11 France Marseille 0 1 (1991) 0
11 England Chelsea 0 1 (2005) 0
13 England Tottenham Hotspur 0 0 2 (1991, 1995**)
14 Italy Roma 0 0 1 (1992)
14 Netherlands Ajax 0 0 1 (1993**)
14 England Blackburn Rovers 0 0 1 (1996**)
14 England Newcastle United 0 0 1 (1996*)
14 Italy Fiorentina 0 0 1 (1999)
14 England Liverpool 0 0 1 (2008)

*Player was a member of the club for the second half of the calendar year (The first part of a new season - August to December)
**Player was a member of the club for the first half of the calendar year (The second part of a finished season - January to May)
***Player retired halfway through the calendar year so was a member of the club only for the first half of the calendar year (The second part of a finished season - January to May)

List of female winners

Nadine Angerer, current winner and first goalkeeper to win this award
Year Place Player Nationality Club
2001
Details
1st Mia Hamm  United States United States Washington Freedom
2nd Tiffeny Milbrett  United States United States New York Power
3rd Sun Wen  China PR United States Atlanta Beat
2002
Details
1st Mia Hamm  United States United States Washington Freedom
2nd Birgit Prinz  Germany Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd Sun Wen  China PR United States Atlanta Beat
2003
Details
1st Birgit Prinz  Germany Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt
2nd Mia Hamm  United States United States Washington Freedom
3rd Hanna Ljungberg  Sweden Sweden Umeå IK
2004
Details
1st Birgit Prinz  Germany Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt
2nd Mia Hamm  United States United States Washington Freedom
3rd Marta  Brazil Sweden Umeå IK
2005
Details
1st Birgit Prinz  Germany Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt
2nd Marta  Brazil Sweden Umeå IK
3rd Shannon Boxx  United States
2006
Details
1st Marta  Brazil Sweden Umeå IK
2nd Kristine Lilly  United States Sweden KIF Örebro DFF
3rd Renate Lingor  Germany Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt
2007
Details
1st Marta  Brazil Sweden Umeå IK
2nd Birgit Prinz  Germany Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd Cristiane  Brazil Germany VfL Wolfsburg
2008
Details
1st Marta  Brazil Sweden Umeå IK
2nd Birgit Prinz  Germany Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd Cristiane  Brazil Sweden Linköping
Brazil Corinthians
2009
Details
1st Marta  Brazil United States Los Angeles Sol
Brazil Santos
2nd Birgit Prinz  Germany Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd Kelly Smith  England United States Boston Breakers
2010
Details
1st Marta  Brazil United States FC Gold Pride
Brazil Santos
2nd Birgit Prinz  Germany Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd Fatmire Bajramaj  Germany Germany Turbine Potsdam
2011
Details
1st Homare Sawa  Japan Japan INAC Kobe Leonessa
2nd Marta  Brazil United States Western New York Flash
3rd Abby Wambach  United States United States magicJack
2012
Details
1st Abby Wambach  United States
2nd Marta  Brazil Sweden Tyresö FF
3rd Alex Morgan  United States United States Seattle Sounders Women
2013
Details
1st Nadine Angerer  Germany Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt
Australia Brisbane Roar
2nd Abby Wambach  United States United States Western New York Flash
3rd Marta  Brazil Sweden Tyresö FF

Wins by player

# Player First place Second place Third place
1 Brazil Marta 5 3 2
2 Germany Birgit Prinz 3 5 0
3 United States Mia Hamm 2 2 0
4 United States Abby Wambach 1 1 1
5 Japan Homare Sawa 1 0 0
Germany Nadine Angerer 1 0 0
7 United States Tiffeny Milbrett 0 1 0
United States Kristine Lilly 0 1 0
9 China Sun Wen 0 0 2
Brazil Cristiane 0 0 2
11 England Kelly Smith 0 0 1
United States Shannon Boxx 0 0 1
Germany Renate Lingor 0 0 1
Sweden Hanna Ljungberg 0 0 1
Germany Fatmire Bajramaj 0 0 1
United States Alex Morgan 0 0 1

Wins by country

Table of winners categorised by the player's nationality (not the nationality of her club).

# Country First place Second place Third place
1  Brazil 5 (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010) 3 (2005, 2011, 2012) 4 (2004, 2007, 2008, 2013)
2  Germany 4 (2003, 2004, 2005, 2013) 5 (2002, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010) 2 (2006, 2010)
3  United States 3 (2001, 2002, 2012) 5 (2001, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2013) 3 (2005, 2011, 2012)
4  Japan 1 (2011) 0 0
5  China PR 0 0 2 (2001, 2002)
6  England 0 0 1 (2009)
7  Sweden 0 0 1 (2003)

Wins by club

# Club First place Second place Third place
1 Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt 4 (2003, 2004, 2005, 2013) 5 (2002, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010) 1 (2006)
2 Sweden Umeå IK 3 (2006, 2007, 2008) 1 (2005) 2 (2003, 2004)
3 United States Washington Freedom 2 (2001, 2002) 2 (2003, 2004) 0
4 Brazil Santos 2 (2009, 2010) 0 0
5 Japan INAC Kobe Leonessa 1 (2011) 0 0
United States FC Gold Pride 1 (2010) 0 0
United States Los Angeles Sol 1 (2009) 0 0
Australia Brisbane Roar 1 (2013) 0 0
9 United States Western New York Flash 0 2 (2011, 2013) 0
10 Sweden Tyresö FF 0 1 (2012) 1 (2013)
11 Sweden KIF Örebro DFF 0 1 (2006) 0
United States New York Power 0 1 (2001) 0
13 United States Atlanta Beat 0 0 2 (2001, 2002)
14 United States Seattle Sounders Women 0 0 1 (2012)
United States magicJack 0 0 1 (2011)
Germany Turbine Potsdam 0 0 1 (2010)
United States Boston Breakers 0 0 1 (2009)
Sweden Linköping 0 0 1 (2008)
Brazil Corinthians 0 0 1 (2008)
Germany VfL Wolfsburg 0 0 1 (2007)
Unattached 1 (2012) 0 1 (2005)

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "FIFA World Player". FIFA.com. Retrieved 1 April 2013
  2. ^ "FIFA Awards". RSSSF.com. Retrieved 1 April 2013
  3. ^ "Brazil legend Ronaldo retires from football" BBC. Retrieved 17 November 2013
  4. ^ "Cannavaro discusses highs and lows". Football Federation Australia. Retrieved 18 November 2013
  5. ^ FIFA.com - The FIFA Ballon d'Or is born
  6. ^ FIFA.com - Thirty-five stars make Zurich shortlist