Fabio Luisi (born 17 January 1959, Genoa) is a Grammy Award-winning Italian conductor. He has served as Principal Conductor of the Metropolitan Opera since September 2011, and he launched his tenure as General Music Director of the Zurich Opera, with an initial contract of 5 years, in September 2012.
As a child, Luisi suffered from asthma. Luisi attended the Conservatorio Nicolò Paganini and was a student of Memi Schiavina. After receiving his degree in piano studies, he continued piano instruction with Aldo Ciccolini and Antonio Bacchelli.
Luisi developed an interest in conducting while working as a piano accompanist, and he studied conducting at the conservatory in Graz with Milan Horvat. He worked at the Graz Opera as an accompanist and conductor. His first conducting appearance was in Italy in 1984. From 1990 to 1995, he was principal conductor of the Graz Symphony Orchestra. From 1995 to 2000, he served as Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of the Tonkünstlerorchester in Vienna. From 1996 to 1999, he was one of three main conductors (Hauptdirigenten) of the MDR Symphony Orchestra (Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk Sinfonieorchester) in Leipzig, along with Marcello Viotti and Manfred Honeck. From 1999 to 2007, he was sole principal conductor of the MDR orchestra. He was the principal conductor of l'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande from 1997 to 2002.
In January 2004, Luisi was named chief conductor of both the Staatskapelle Dresden and of the Semperoper, Dresden. He assumed both posts in September 2007. With the Staatskapelle Dresden, Luisi conducted commercial recordings of music by Richard Strauss and Anton Bruckner. Luisi was originally scheduled to step down as chief conductor of the Staatskapelle Dresden in 2012, at the expiration of his contract. However, he resigned from both Dresden posts in February 2010, with immediate effect, after reports that the Staatskapelle's management had secured a contract with the ZDF network for a scheduled televised concert on New Year's Eve, 2010 with Christian Thielemann as conductor, without consulting him at all in his capacity as the orchestra's GMD.
Luisi served as Chief Conductor of the Vienna Symphony from 2005 through the 2012-13 season, concluding his tenure with four programs in March 2013, and is scheduled to step down from the VSO chief conductorship after the 2012-2013 season. In his new position at the Zurich Opera, Luisi is conducting an increasing number of orchestral concert performances with the newly renamed Philharmonia Zurich, formerly known as the Orchester der Oper Zurich.
In the United States, Luisi made his Metropolitan Opera conducting debut in March 2005, with Giuseppe Verdi's Don Carlos. In April 2010, Luisi was named the Met's principal guest conductor, for an initial contract of three years, effective with the 2010-2011 season. Luisi is the second conductor to be named to this post at the Metropolitan Opera, after Valery Gergiev. He was elevated to the post of Principal Conductor in September 2011, when Music Director James Levine withdrew from his scheduled fall 2011 performances.
Luisi has also conducted several opera recordings, including Giuseppe Verdi's Aroldo, Jérusalem and Alzira, and Gioacchino Rossini's William Tell. He won a Grammy Award for his leadership of Siegfried and Götterdämmerung on a Deutsche Grammophon DVD release of Richard Wagner’s operatic cycle, Der Ring des Nibelungen. This was recorded live at the Metropolitan Opera and named Best Opera Recording of 2012.
Luisi and his wife Barbara, a photographer and former orchestra violinist, have three sons. The family recently relocated from Vienna to New York City.
Honours and awards
- Honorary Professor of Conducting at the University of Music and Theatre Leipzig (2001)
- Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art (2000)
- Supersonic Award for Record of the Month (music magazine Pizzicato, January 2006) for the recording "Beethoven: Mass in C Major"
- Officer of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (2 June 2006)
- Bruckner Ring (Vienna Symphony, 2007)
- Commander of the Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity (2008)
- Echo Klassik (2008), for surround recording of the year: "Strauss: An Alpine Symphony / Four Last Songs"
- Echo Klassik Orchestra of the Year (2009) with the Staatskapelle Dresden for "Bruckner: 9 Symphony"
- Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording (2013) with the Metropolitan Opera for Richard Wagner's Der Ring Des Nibelungen.
- "James Levine Withdraws From Met Fall Season". The New York Times. 2011-09-06. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
- "Der Dirigent Fabio Luisi: "Ich dirigiere das, was mir gefällt"". Bayerischer Rundfunk. 2011-04-02. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Tim Ashley (2008-01-11). "Strauss: An Alpine Symphony/Four Last Songs; Harteros/Staatskapelle Dresden/Luisi". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- Fiona Maddocks (2009-09-13). "Bruckner: Symphony No 9". The Observer. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- "Christian Thielemann wird Chefdirigent der Staatskapelle Dresden" (Press release). Staatskapelle Dresden. 9 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-13.
- Daniel J. Wakin (2010-02-04). "Saxon State Opera’s Music Director Quits". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- Ernst Naredi-Reiner (2011-01-18). "Umzug nach New York". Kleine Zeitung. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Daniel J. Wakin (2011-04-21). "On Deck, the Met's Pinch-Hitter". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Fabio Luisi appointed General Music Director at Zurich Opera House as of 2012" (Press release). Zurich Opera. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-13.
- Anthony Tommasini (2005-03-05). "Can't Make Up His Mind, Just Like That Other Prince". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-09-08.
- Daniel J. Wakin (2010-04-27). "The Met Anoints a Guest Conductor". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
- Tim Ashley (2001-08-17). "A brave new world". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-09-08.
- Tim Ashley (2005-07-15). "Rossini: Guillaume Tell, Gustafson/ Kotoski/ Ungureanu/ Sabbatini/ Hampson/ Vienna Staatsoper Orchestra and Chorus/ Luisi". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-09-08.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 1379. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "ONORIFICENZE: parametri di ricerca" (in Italian). Italian Presidency. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "55th Annual GRAMMY Awards Nominees: Classical". Grammy.com. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
|Principal Conductor, MDR Sinfonieorchester