|Nickname(s): ‘ Shaheedon ki dharti ’ (the land of martyrs)|
|Founded by||Firoz Shah Tughlaq|
|• Deputy Commissioner||D.P.S. Kharbanda|
|Elevation||182 m (597 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||PB 05|
Firozpur (Punjabi: ਫਿਰੋਜਪੁਰ; Hindi: फिरोजपुर) (abbreviated: FZR) is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India. It lies in Malwa region of punjab. It was founded by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1309–88), a Muslim ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388. However, The Manj Rajputs believe that the town was named after one of their chiefs, a Rajput of the Bhatti clan called Feroze Khan, in the middle of the 16th century. Firozpur is called ‘Shaheedon ki dharti’ (the land of martyrs).
Firozpur today is an administrative and transportation center. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, it became a border town on the Indo-Pakistan border with memorials of India's freedom fighters.
Firozpur also holds a historic place in Indian history as it was from here that British Raj established control over much of North-West India as well as what is now Pakistan through the Anglo-Sikh Wars that were fought in this region. Today it is the headquarters of a division of the Western Command of the Indian Army. Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Engineering and Technology is located at Moga road in Firozpur. It is a government Engg. College and has an excellent reputation. Firozpur Cantonment is adjacent to and south of the city; during British times it was one of the largest cantonments in the country.
Firozpur has easy access by road and rail to other places such as Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Delhi, and Chandigarh; the city is a center of numerous holy shrines and historic places. At the nearby city of Zira, is located a Jain Shwetambar Temple with ancient brass icons and wall murals.
In addition to cotton and grain cultivation and agriculture-related services, Firozpur has some light manufacturing. Commercial progress has been restricted by its vicinity to the border with Pakistan. Normalizing relations between the two nuclear nations promises to raise the city's profile as a potential trade hub. Firozpur is the oldest British district of the Punjab, established in 1833 as district headquarters even well before Ludhiana and Amritsar became districts. Firozpur district, even after the independence of Pakistan in 1947, included many areas which were later re-organised to be a part of the Faridkot, Moga, Muktsar, Bathinda and Fazilka Districts. The per hectare wheat yields of this district are comparable to the best in the world and they matched wheat yields per hectare of Ontario Province in Canada.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2012)|
Firozpur city is to the South-West of Amritsar city and located some 109 km from Amritsar. Another nearby city to the North of Firozpur is Tarn Taran. To the East is Ludhiana about 120 km away. In the West it has Kasur and Lahore in Pakistan across the International Border at Hussainiwala/Ganda Singh Wala. Other nearby cities include Fazilka and Abohar located 85km and 120 km respectively to the South-West of Firozpur. To the North-East of Firozpur are the towns of Nakodar, Kapurthala and Jalandhar (120 km away). The cities of Muktsar and Faridkot are to the South of Firozpur.
Important distances from the city of Firozpur:
- Tarn Taran - 90 km
- Amritsar - 109 km
- Ludhiana - 120 km
- Jalandhar - 120 km
- Bathinda - 85 km
- Muktsar - 32 km
- Fazilka - 85 km
- Abohar - 120 km
- Chandigarh - 220 km
- Delhi - 389 km (via Bathinda)
The climate of the Firozpur District is, on the whole, dry and is characterized by a very hot summer, a short rainy season and a bracing winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from November to March. This is followed by the summer season which lasts up to about the end of June. The period from July to the middle of September constitutes the south-westerly monsoon season. The latter half of September and October may be termed the post-monsoon or the transition period.
|Climate data for Firozpur|
|Average high °C (°F)||19
|Average low °C (°F)||7
|Precipitation mm (inches)||20.3
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Firozpur had a population of 110,091, out of which males were 58,401 and females were 51,690. The literacy rate was 79.75 per cent.
According to the 2001 Indian census, Firozpur had a population of 95,451, which increased from 78,738 in 1991. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Firozpur has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 68%. In Firozpur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Following are the lists for schools and colleges for studying in the Firozpur.
- D.C Model School
- D.C Model International School
- R.S.D Raj Ratan Public School
- St.Joseph Convent School
- H.M Hr.Sec.School
- H.M D.A.V School
- Guru Ram Dass Public School
- Hindu Girls School
- Arun Jyoti School
- S.D.School(Rani Ka Talab)
- Manav Mandir Sr. Sec School
- M.L.M School
- Sikh Kanya Maha Vidyala
- Army Public School
- Kendriya Vidyalayas (1 & 2)
- Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Engg.& Tech.
- Govt.Polytechnic College
- Ferozepur College of Engineering and Technology
- R.S.D College
- D.A.V College for Women
- Dev Samaj College for Women
- DIET College
- Frances Newton Hospital School of Nursing
- Francis Newton (Mission) Hospital
- Amar Hospital
- Bhagi Hospital
- Railway Hospital
- Cantonment Hospital
- Aarti Hospital
- Sheel Hospital
- General hospital of Army
- Sandhu Hospital
The nearest International Airport from the city is Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport, Amritsar, roughly 2 hr drive from Firozpur. The airport is connected to other parts of the country by regular flights. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Birmingham, Dubai and Doha. The airport now handles as many as forty-eight (48) flights every week up from the occasional, intermittent ones some years ago. The second nearest International Airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi, roughly 5 hr drive from the city. The govt. is planning to construct airport in Firozpur.
There are two railway stations located in Firozpur. The Firozpur Cantonment Railway Station is the major Railway Station located in the cantonment place of Firozpur and is connected with the cities such as Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Jammu etc. Firozpur Cantonment railway station is served by three railway lines - Ludhiana-Fazilka line, Delhi-Firozpur line and Jalandhar-Firozpur line. The following trains have departure from Firozpur.
- Punjab Mail
- Ganga Sutlej Express
- Somnath Express
- Ajmer - Amritsar Express
- Firozpur - Mumbai Central Janta Express
- Firozpur Cantt - Delhi Sarai Rohilla Intercity Express
- Udhampur-Ahmedabad Janambhoomi Express (Weekly)
- Jammu Tawi - Bathinda Express
Firozpur is connected to chandigarh via ludhiana through NH 95. NH 15 passes through Zira which is very close to Firozpur. Firozpur is connected to Faridkot via SH 15. Firozpur is connected to Fazilka-Abohar via SH 20. SH 19 passes through Makhu which is very close to Firozpur. Firozpur is 98 Kms from Bathinda, 109 Kms from Kapurthala, 116 Kms from Amritsar, 124 Kms from Jalandhar, 125 Kms from Ludhiana and 222 Kms from Chandigarh etc. It is well connected with these cities through Punjab State Road Transport Corporation (PSRTC).
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