First and Last and Always
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
|First and Last and Always|
|Studio album by The Sisters of Mercy|
|Released||11 March 1985|
|Genre||Gothic Rock, post-punk|
|Label||Merciful Release, WEA|
|Producer||David M. Allen|
|The Sisters of Mercy chronology|
|Singles from First and Last and Always|
First and Last and Always is the debut studio album by English rock band The Sisters of Mercy. It was released on 11 March 1985, through record labels Merciful Release and WEA. The album proved to be style-shaping for the gothic rock genre.
- 1 History (1980–84)
- 2 Recording
- 3 Background
- 4 Track listing
- 5 Album release and split
- 6 Musical style and image
- 7 Personnel
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The band was founded in 1980 by Andrew Eldritch and Gary Marx in Leeds. Up to 1983, the band produced five singles and two EPs, which were released on the band's own indie label Merciful Release and were distributed independently as well. As the band became increasingly successful and featured regularly in the UK Indie Chart, a first studio album was announced in 1983 for the following year. Eldritch estimated the production costs at £40,000, a sum which exceeded the financial capabilities of an indie band. Around the same time talks with interested record labels began.
Eldritch, who handled management and business affairs of the band, negotiated with several record companies early in the new year and finally signed a satisfactory contract with WEA Records. Merciful Release opened an office in London and founded its own publishing company Candelmaesse Limited, as well, which licensed the future song material to the publisher of RCA Records, RCA Music Limited.
The new band line-up played its debut concert on 7 April 1984, which featured the newly written songs "Body and Soul", "Train" and "Walk Away". The gig was followed by a short American tour until 16 April.
After returning to the UK, Eldritch wrote a new song called "Wide Receiver", which was inspired by a term in American Football and which he recorded on his own at home as a demo. The rudimentary song wasn't used in the end, but Eldritch's solo demo recording appeared in early 1992 on a bootleg album.
At Strawberry Recording Studios in Stockport, The Sisters of Mercy recorded their first single for WEA ("Body and Soul"), which was composed and produced by Eldritch himself and which was released on 4 June 1984. "Body and Soul" did not make the Top 40 and stalled at no. 46.
From 2 May to 6 June, the band toured the UK and Europe and tried out a new Gary Marx composition which he later used in Ghost Dance.
Recommended by WEA Records, Cure producer Dave Allen saw the band in Amsterdam (2 June 1984) and later got a telegram by Andrew Eldritch which said: "The Sisters say yes to Dave Allen."
After the end of the tour, The Sisters began to prepare themselves for the album recordings, but first they entered Maida Vale Studios on 19 June to record a John Peel Session for BBC Radio 1. The session was broadcast on 13 July when The Sisters of Mercy were already in the recording studio.
Demo sessions (Parkside Studios)
After intense songwriting sessions, Gary Marx entered Parkside Studios, "a tiny studio in a rehearsal complex off Armley Road where I'd been with Wayne to record some new demos with him singing." The recordings were engineered by Steve Allen.
Eldritch was enthusiastic about the new material, and played some instrumental demos to Melody Maker journalist Adam Sweeting: "I think this stuff's gonna be incredible, like nothing we've ever done before."
Strawberry Recording Studios (June to July 1984)
At the end of June 1984, The Sisters of Mercy went with producer Dave Allen into the Strawberry Recording Studios in Stockport, near Manchester, for five weeks to record their first studio album. Studio costs were £500 a day and £3,250 a week, resp. Eldritch spent the whole five weeks inside the studio and, according to Dave Allen, used large amounts of amphetamine on a daily basis.
In Stockport, backing tracks and vocals were to be recorded. Additional vocals, overdubs and the final mix were planned for August at Genetic Studios. The finished album was to be released in the third week of October 1984.
The band immediately started to record, with Hussey and Marx often providing guide vocals with their own lyrics which later showed up on bootlegs. Both Hussey and Marx later used some of these lyrics for their own bands, The Mission and Ghost Dance.
An early recording of "First and Last and Always", which, according to Gary Marx, was "previously called 'The Scottish One'", was "completed pretty early on". Marx sang an early draft of the later Ghost Dance lyric of "When I Call", which mentioned the name of a friend of the band from Hamburg, Marianne.
On "Nine While Nine", which, according to Marx, was "recorded at the same time" and "had the working title 'Child of Light", Gary Marx sang a guide vocal which he reused later for the Ghost Dance song "A Deeper Blue".
"Black Planet" exists in form of an early version with a Wayne Hussey lyric which he later used for the Mission songs "Dance on Glass" and "Naked and Savage". Additional songs which were left unused were the later Mission song "Garden of Delight" and later Ghost Dance song "Yesterday Again".
Eldritch later sang his own version of "Garden of Delight" which remained unused as well: "There are a few bootlegs in existence of me trying to sing Wayne's words, and you can hear that I'm not convinced by them. I can't breathe any meaning into them." "The guy didn't have a clue – he'd just string buzz words together."
Recordings were delayed, to the frustration of the band as Eldritch was still working on lyrics. Gary Marx: "He'd got far too caught up in the business and had lost his edge as a writer. We wasted weeks at a time in the studio, waiting for him to come up with a handful of lyrics. It was very painful and very expensive." A notable exception was "Marian". Eldritch, inspired by Gary Marx's original lyrics to "First and Last and Always", wrote new words to a Wayne Hussey composition which contained a few passages sung in German. "'Marian' is a very special song, it's not like any of the other songs. I wrote it in ten minutes, usually the lyrics take me up to half a year."
The vocal takes proved to be time-consumingly elaborate. Marx: "After each session Andy would say, 'But is it epic?', and we'd go, 'Yeah Andy, it's great!' And he'd go back and do it again. Andy's a complete perfectionist." "We could write and record a double album in the time it took him to get the headphone mix to his liking."
At the end of July 1984, recordings were finished and the band had completed raw mixes of 18 songs on ten analogue Master Reels:
- Reel 1: "Tones"/"No Time to Cry"
- Reel 2: "Emma"/"Walk Away"
- Reel 3: "Poison Door"/"A Rock and a Hard Place"
- Reel 4: "First and Last and Always" (album version)/"First and Last and Always" (Japan version)[a]
- Reel 5: "Possession"/"Spit on Your Grave"/"Evil Come Evil Go"
- Reel 6: "Marian"[b]/"Wide Receiver"
- Reel 7: "Nine While Nine"
- Reel 8: "Some Kind of Stranger"[c]
- Reel 9: "Some Kind of Stranger" (early)[d]
- Reel 10: "Down to E....."/"On the Wire"
According to Dave Allen "Tones", "Spit on Your Grave", "Evil Come Evil Go" and "Down to E....." are working titles for known songs. "Amphetamine Logic", according to Gary Marx, had the working title "Horned One Stabs", which indicates that this song was not recorded at Strawberry but at later sessions.
In early August 1984, the band flew to the US to play two concerts in New York.
Genetic Studios (August to September and November 1984)
After the US gigs, the band went into Genetic Studios near Reading with producer Dave Allen as planned to complete the album with engineer Tim Baldwin. But the sessions at Genetic Studios dissolved, according to Gary Marx, into "madness of Eldritch walking into walls between vocal takes and us generally losing the plot. [Tim Baldwin] seemed to remember it fondly enough."
Weakened by continuous amphetamine use, insomnia, malnutrition and hypoglycaemia, Eldritch collapsed in the studio one night. Marx: "He was completely exhausted; hallucinating. Despite this, part of him still wanted to carry on, although the other part knew that he had to stop because he was so ill." Eldritch: "I enjoy it so much, being strung out for a very long time. I'm told you can't do it for that long."
In time for two festival appearances in Germany in early September 1984, Eldritch was released from hospital, but the band couldn't meet the scheduled release date of the album. During an interview in Ahlen on 8 September, Eldritch said the release had been postponed to the beginning of the next year.
The band then returned to Genetic Studios to put the finishing touches on the album.
Studio versions of the two later Mission songs, "Serpents Kiss" and "Wake", exist. Wayne Hussey: "Both of these songs were actually first recorded during the sessions for [First and Last and Always], but weren't completed at that time." It's not clear whether these two songs were recorded at Strawberry or at Genetic Studios.
On 22 September 1984, the band made an appearance at a festival in York and then went on the Black October tour through the UK and Europe from 4 October till 18 November 1984, which was originally set up to coincide with the release of the album.
To coincide with the tour, a first single off the album was released on 8 October 1984, "Walk Away", which included a limited edition flexidisc featuring an "Amphetamix" of the song "Train". With the release schedule disrupted and the album postponed to the next year, the record company unsuccessfully requested to postpone "Walk Away" too. "Walk Away", like its predecessor, did not make the Top 40 and stalled at no. 45.
After the end of the tour, the band returned to Genetic Studios without bassist Craig Adams or producer Dave Allen to mix the album. On this occasion two new songs were recorded, "Blood Money" and "Bury Me Deep", which were produced by Eldritch and were intended as B-sides for the next single, "No Time to Cry".
At the end of 1984, Eldritch also produced the mini-album Clash of Dreams by Salvation at Strawberry Recording Studios in Stockport, which was intended for a March 1985 release on his Merciful Release label. The album was shelved.
After the Christmas break, the band spent January and February 1985 with preparations for the album release, which again had been postponed to March. The artwork was completed and delivered, and various tapes with different mixes to pick circulated at the WEA offices. Additionally, the band negotiated the release of a live video on PolyGram which was to be filmed on Gary Marx's birthday on 18 June 1985 at the Royal Albert Hall.
Around that time, lead guitarist and band co-founder Gary Marx decided to leave The Sisters. "My relationship to all three of them was completely shattered." "As a songwriter it was a frustrating time in The Sisters. I wrote a lot of songs but they weren't used." "We were working on stuff before I left with a view to carry on in a slightly different line-up but still the same people." It had been presumed that Hussey should switch to keyboards, a step which Hussey would never have tolerated.
The album lyrics were all written by Andrew Eldritch, who said his writing "owes more to collage editing in film". Their content, with various references to drugs and separation, mirror Eldritch's condition at the time: "I was so shot when I wrote the lyrics on the album that there's no distancing of persona at all."
Gary Marx: "When we were making [the album] Andrew was effectively splitting with his long-term girlfriend and I was close to leaving the band. [These] two things led to a number of references in the lyrics, which seemed to cover his farewells to us both."
Eldritch later confirmed that the lyrics of "Walk Away" were directed to Gary Marx: "I thought one of them in particular might have found it a bit relevant." Gary Marx: "'Walk Away' may or may not be about me; I don't care because I don't particularly like the song. The one lyric which always bugs me is the line from 'Some Kind of Stranger' which says 'careful lingers undecided at the door', which I definitely took as a shot at me."
All lyrics written by Andrew Eldritch.
|1.||"Black Planet"||Wayne Hussey||4:26|
|3.||"No Time to Cry"||Craig Adams, Hussey, Gary Marx||4:03|
|4.||"A Rock and a Hard Place"||Hussey||3:34|
|6.||"First and Last and Always"||Marx||4:02|
|7.||"Possession"||Adams, Eldritch, Hussey||4:39|
|8.||"Nine While Nine"||Marx||4:12|
|10.||"Some Kind of Stranger"||Marx||7:20|
Notes: The british and japanese mixes of Black Planet, No Time to Cry, A Rock and a Hard Place and First and Last and Always differ slightly.
Album release and split
On 8 March 1985, the single "No Time to Cry" was released, which did not make the Top 40 and stalled at no. 63.
To coincide with the album release, a UK tour began on 9 March.
On 11 March, WEA Records Ltd. released the album in the UK to positive press reactions.
On 1 April, Marx played his last concert with The Sisters of Mercy, followed by a TV appearance the day after, during which the band played live in the studio versions of "First and Last and Always" and "Marian".
The remaining trio, with Wayne Hussey shouldering all guitar parts, started another tour through Europe and the USA on 12 April, which continued till 7 June. A second TV appearance for German TV show Formel Eins, during which the band mimed to "No Time to Cry", was broadcast on 15 April 1985.
The Sisters of Mercy played their final concert as planned on 18 June 1985 at the Royal Albert Hall. Gary Marx, who was announced to take part, didn't show up. The video was released in 1986 by PolyGram.
In the summer of 1985, the music press reported that The Sisters of Mercy were planning an ABBA cover version as their next single. Eldritch later confirmed that he had indeed contacted producer Jim Steinman: "I called him up [in 1985] when the band had 'Gimme Gimme Gimme' in their set and told him about the song and that our version had to be absolutely stupid. He agreed with me but he was booked out. And then the band broke up."
On 2 November, the music press reported the band's split. Andrew Eldritch: "The people that are now The Mission and myself had an agreement: no one would use the name when the band went its separate ways." "The band was good and successful, each of us could continue. The split came at a time when it wouldn't do us any damage."
Commercial success of the album
In the UK, the album went silver (with 60,000 sold units) on 30 October 1987 and gold (with 100,000 sold units) on 8 May 1989. Its highest position in the UK album charts was no. 14.
In Germany, The Sisters' second largest market after the UK, the album went gold (with 250,000 sold units) in 2011. Its highest position in the German album charts was no. 40.
In the US, the album did not enter the Billboard 200.
Regarding the failure of the band's singles to crack the Top 40, Eldritch later commented: "We came close. Our failure to crack it wasn't anything to do with us. I think the band did everything required, although we weren't prepared to package ourselves in the way other acts were."
Musical style and image
We come from 1969; we are the children of Altamont. We don't know who the fuck Alien Sex Fiend are and we don't want to know. Throughout our career we've had to fight against the preconception that most of the public has of us as being something that sprang out of post-punk. We regard ourselves as having sprung from pre-1970s rock music, as the inheritors of that tradition and the only people with any chance of propagating it further. I think the title track is gloomy, but not the others. They may not be tremendously optimistic ... Gloomy and doomy suggest an air of apathetic resignation, which I don't think we're prone to.
The band's co-founder Gary Marx was of the same opinion, but later said that Hussey joining the band had shifted the focus: "It was my version of The Sisters and Wayne's version of The Sisters. This is my version, which means more basic rock, American rock, whilst Wayne's version was more Banshees."
- Andrew Eldritch – vocals, sleeve design, mixing
- Wayne Hussey – guitar, vocals
- Gary Marx – guitar
- Craig Adams – bass guitar
- Doktor Avalanche (drum machine) – "drums"
- David M. Allen – production, mixing
- Mick Lowe – sleeve layout
- Jill Furmanovsky – sleeve photography
- Ruth Polsky – sleeve photography
- Listed under their working titles "Scottish One A" and "Scottish One B"
- Listed under its working title "Marianne"
- Listed under its working title "Little Wing"
- Listed under its working title "Andy's Little Wing"
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