Founders Tower (Oklahoma City)
|Former names||United Founders Life Tower
The 360 at Founders Plaza
|Type||Residential / Commercial|
|Location||5900 Mosteller Drive, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States|
|Roof||275 ft (84 m)|
|Floor area||178,000 sq ft (17,000 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Hudgins, Thompson, Ball & Associates|
|Official name: United Founders Life Tower|
|Designated:||March 13, 2013|
Founders Tower, formerly known as the United Founders Life Tower and The 360 at Founders Plaza, is a Googie-style skyscraper located northwest of downtown Oklahoma City in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The tower is one of the most well-known landmarks in the city's skyline. It has a height of 275 feet (84 m) and 20 stories, with a revolving restaurant featuring 360-degree panoramic views of Oklahoma City on its top floor. Founders Tower was the second building in the nation to have a revolving restaurant—the first being at the Space Needle. The building was originally finished in 1964 as an office building, but was redeveloped into upscale residences. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013.
Founders Tower consists of a 275-foot (84 m), cylindrical tower. From the ground floor to the 19th floor, the building has a diameter of 92 feet (28 m), which expands to 108 feet (33 m) at the 20th. Small, cantilever balconies are located at the vertices of each of the buildings ten faces from the 3rd floor to the 14th; wider balconies protrude from each face from the 15th to the 19th floor. Founders Tower contains a total of 63 condominiums: four each on floors 3 through 17, one that takes up the entire 18th floor, and two penthouses on the 19th. Unusual for a skyscraper is its "folded plate" concrete roof, rather thin-shell concrete. In addition to creating the distinctive zigzag pattern of the building's crown, it enabled the 20th floor to be free of load-bearing columns. The 20th floor includes the tower's restaurant space, which will house The George Prime Steakhouse as of fall 2013. The restaurant no longer revolves.
The design of Founders Tower is representative of the Googie, also called "Populuxe", architectural style prevalent at a time when much of the United States was enamored with spaceflight. It was, also, largely influenced by the Frank Lloyd Wright-designed Price Tower in Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the Space Needle in Seattle, Washington. Because the available offices in Founders Tower "were small, awkward—and shaped like slices of pie" as a consequence of its circular design, it could have only been used for "small, low-rent" offices That layout and the presence of balconies, something that was irrelevant in an office setting, made it suitable, however, as a residential building.
The United Founders Life Tower was built by the real estate development arm of the United Founders Life Insurance Corporation. In addition to being the primary tenants of the skyscraper, the company expected to profit from the development of the mostly rural land surrounding the tower. When it was completed in 1964, the Founders Tower was the first skyscraper to be built in Oklahoma City outside of downtown. Its relatively isolated location in northwestern Oklahoma City and its unusual design spurred the development of the area. At the time the Space Needle inaugurated the first revolving restaurant in the United States at the World's Fair in Seattle, the design of Founders Tower was the first one changed to incorporate its own revolving restaurant in the United States. Founders Tower is one of only three office buildings in the U.S. to include a revolving restaurant.
It was purchased by 1978 by Northwest Investors Limited for $15.5 million; Northwest Investors also received a $5.8 million loaned at the same time. The building was sold in 1981 for $11.1 million to California-based National Capitol Real Estate Trust in 1981, with Northwest Investors retaining 25 percent ownership. The building was certified as a nuclear fallout shelter by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in 1983. United Founders foreclosed on Founders Tower in 1986 after National Capitol defaulted on loan payments for the remaining $4.92 million. It was sold at sheriff's sale on November 5, 1986 to the Protective Life Insurance Corporation, the parent company of United Founders. The tower was sold on April 24, 1989 to the U.S.–Swedish investment group, Growth Fund International Limited for $2.5 million. In 1996, Founders Tower was sold to Hebron Corporation, a subsidiary of the long-distance calling provider AmeriVision, for $3.3 million.
In 2005, Founders Tower was purchased, along with 7.5 acres (3.0 ha) of surrounding land, for $4.6 million by the Bridgeport Development Group. The next year, a $50 million renovation, to convert the office building into condominiums and to reverse the 15 years of neglect from the constant buying-and-selling by out-of-state investors, was announced. At the same time, the building was renamed "The 360 at Founders Plaza", a reference to the view from the building and its revolving restaurant. During the renovations from 2007 to 2008, the building's original, darkly-tinted, glass panes were replaced with modern, energy-efficient, turquoise-colored glass. The building's name was returned to Founders Tower in January 2010. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on March 13, 2013.
- List of tallest buildings in Oklahoma City
- List of revolving restaurants
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma
- "Weekly List". National Register of Historic Places Program. National Park Service. March 22, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- "Founders Tower sells for $4.6 million". The Journal Record (Oklahoma City). September 6, 2005. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Morgan, Chris Brawley (September 8, 2007). "Historic landmark is home to condomimiums". The Oklahoman. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- McQuillin 2013, p. 3.
- McQuillin 2013, p. 10.
- Cathey, Dave (July 1, 2013). "By George, the new restaurant on top of Founders Tower has a name". The Oklahoman. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Scott, Jenn (July 1, 2013). "Lost, Then Founders". Oklahoma Gazette. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- McQuillin 2013, p. 8.
- Lackmeyer, Steve (December 6, 2006). "Founders to offer rooms with views; Offices to be transformed into living quarters". The Oklahoman. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
- McQuillin 2013, p. 12.
- McQuillin 2013, p. 11.
- McQuillin 2013, p. 7.
- McQuillin 2013, pp. 7–8.
- Chavez, Tim (July 30, 1986). "United Founders Foreclosing on Tower". The Oklahoman. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- "Northwest metro fallout shelters listed". The Oklahoman. June 7, 1983. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Chavez, Tim (October 2, 1986). "United Founders Tower Sale to Pay Off Loans". The Oklahoman. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Martin, Stacy Smith (April 22, 1989). "Florida Group Purchasing United Founders Life Tower". The Oklahoman. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Martin, Stacy (January 10, 1996). "Founders Tower Bought". The Oklahoman. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Mize, Richard (January 15, 2010). "Founders Tower takes back its name". The Oklahoman. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- McQuillin, Steven (March 13, 2013). "United Founders Life Tower". National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. National Park Service. Retrieved August 15, 2013.