Frankfurt South station

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Frankfurt (Main) Süd

Entrance building
Operations
Category 2[1]
Type Through station
Platforms in use 9
Daily entry/exit 22,500[2]
DS100 code FFS
Station code 1856
Construction and location
Opened 15 November 1873
Style of architecture Jugendstil
Location Frankfurt
State Hesse
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
50°5′58″N 8°41′10″E / 50.09944°N 8.68611°E / 50.09944; 8.68611Coordinates: 50°5′58″N 8°41′10″E / 50.09944°N 8.68611°E / 50.09944; 8.68611
Route information
List of railway stations in Hesse

Frankfurt (Main) Süd (German for Frankfurt (Main) South) or Frankfurt Südbahnhof is one of three railway stations for long-distance train services in Frankfurt, Germany. Unlike Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof it is not a terminus but a through station, and has 9 tracks with five platforms.[3] It is a stopping station for some long-distance routes (ICE, IC) and for regional traffic (Regional-Express and RegionalBahn). It is also one of the major rapid-transit railway hubs in the city with S-Bahn and U-Bahn services.

Environment[edit]

The station is located in the district of Sachsenhausen south of the Main. From the station forecourt, the Diesterwegplatz, five streets radiate: Hedderichstraße to the southwest and northeast, Diesterweg to the northwest, leading to Schweizer Platz, Stegstraße to the north (leading to the Eiserner Steg—Iron Bridge—for pedestrians) and Brückenstraße to the northeast (leading to the Alte Brücke—Old Bridge). On Diesterwegplatz there is a market on Tuesdays and Fridays.

A block west of the station runs the Schweizer Straße, the main axis of Sachsenhausen. Immediately northeast of the station forecourt, between Hedderichstraße and Textorstraße was the old Sachsenhausen Tram Depot, which was closed in 2003 and has since been gutted and rebuilt. It now contains a large supermarket and an office of the Frankfurt city library. The southern exit from the station leads to the Mörfelder Landstraße.

History[edit]

Environs of the former Bebraer Bahnhof, 1893

The government of the Electorate of Hesse (Kurhessen) had begun building the Frankfurt–Bebra railway from Bebra in North Hesse to Fulda, Hanau and Frankfurt before its annexation by Prussia after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. The project was completed by the Prussian state railways on 15 December 1868. Until the opening of the line south of the Main, trains from Bebra to Frankfurt had to use the North Main line and the Frankfurt City Link Line. On 15 November 1873 the new line south of the Main between Hanau and Frankfurt via Sachsenhausen and Offenbach was opened, including South Station (opened as Bebraer Bahnhof, "Bebra line" station) and Offenbach Hauptbahnhof. The South Main line is still the most important rail link connecting Frankfurt with Leipzig, Berlin and Hamburg.

After the completion of South Main line, the Frankfurt-Sachsenhausen station (Bahnhof Frankfurt-Sachsenhausen) at Darmstädter Landstraße (opened in 1848) of the Frankfurt-Offenbach Local Railway became a terminus, with trains only operating towards Offenbach. The track formerly connecting it to the Main-Neckar Railway to the west was removed. In 1876 it was renamed Lokalbahnhof; the Frankfurt Lokalbahnhof S-Bahn station is named in its honour, although it is about 250 metres south of the old station, which closed in 1955.

The current building was opened in 1914. In its simplified Art Nouveau style, it is similar to the Höchst station opened the same year. During the building of the U-Bahn station (completed in 1984), almost the entire station building was demolished and rebuilt after the completion of the tunnelling. It now includes a community centre. The former steel train shed was demolished during the U-Bahn construction and not rebuilt.

The Rhine-Main S-Bahn uses the two northern platforms, regional and mainline services use the three southern platforms.

Operations[edit]

ICE T Homburg/Saar in Frankfurt South station on its way to Frankfurt Airport

Long-distance services[edit]

Line Route Frequency
ICE 50 Dresden – Leipzig – Erfurt Hauptbahnhof – Fulda – Frankfurt  Frankfurt Airport  Individual services
IC 31 Kiel – Hamburg – Bremen – Dortmund – Cologne – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt South Nuremberg – Passau One pair daily
IC 50 Leipzig – Weimar – Fulda – Frankfurt South Frankfurt Airport 120 min
IC Frankfurt SouthMannheim – Karlsruhe – Freiburg – Basel One pair daily
CNL Zürich – Basel – Frankfurt South – Erfurt – Dresden - Prague / Dresden – Berlin Lichtenberg One pair daily
CNL Zürich – Basel – Frankfurt South – Hamburg – Padborg – Copenhagen One pair daily
D Basel – Freiburg – Frankfurt South – Erfurt - Berlin – Warsaw – Moscow  One pair daily
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
ICE 50
IC 50

Regional services[edit]

The following Regional-Express and Regionalbahn services stop at Frankfurt South station:

Line Route Frequency
RE 50 Frankfurt (Main) HbfFrankfurt SouthOffenbach HauptbahnhofHanauFulda 60 min
RE 55 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf / Frankfurt AirportFrankfurt South – Offenbach / Maintal Ost – Hanau – AschaffenburgWürzburg (– Nuremberg) 60 min
RE 64 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf – Frankfurt South – Offenbach – Hanau – BabenhausenGroß-Umstadt Wiebelsbach (– Erbach (Odenw)) 120 min
RB 55 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf – Frankfurt South – Maintal Ost – Hanau – Aschaffenburg 60 min
SE 50 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf – Frankfurt South – Offenbach – Hanau Hbf – LangenselboldGelnhausenWächtersbach (– Bad Soden-Salmünster) 60 min
S3Frankfurt S3.svg Bad Soden (Taunus)Frankfurt Hbf (tief)Frankfurt South – Langen (Hess) – Darmstadt Hbf 30 min
S4Frankfurt S4.svg Kronberg (Taunus) – Frankfurt Hbf (tief) – Frankfurt South – Langen (Hess) (– Darmstadt Hbf) 30 min
S5Frankfurt S5.svg Friedrichsdorf (Taunus)Bad Homburg – Frankfurt Hbf (tief) – Frankfurt South 15 min
S6Frankfurt S6.svg Friedberg (Hess) – Groß Karben – Bad Vilbel – Frankfurt Hbf (tief) – Frankfurt South 15 min
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus
RE 50
Kinzig Valley Railway
toward Fulda
SE 50
Kinzig Valley Railway
RE 55
Main-Spessart Railway
RB 55
Main-Spessart Railway
Preceding station   VIAS   Following station
Terminus
RE 64
Odenwald Railway

Urban public transport[edit]

Südbahnhof tram stop
Walls of the underground station decorated with historic photographs, including of the old station building

Frankfurt South station plays a particularly important role for transport. It is at the interface between the inner city and the southern suburbs and it is served by, in addition to the regional services discussed above, lines S 3 to S 6 of the Rhine-Main S-Bahn, U-Bahn services on corridor A (U 1 to U 3 and U 8), tram lines 14, 15, 16, 19 and the Ebbelwei Express. Tram line 19 starts at South station. Numerous city and regional bus lines run from the station, especially to the southern region and to Frankfurt Airport. Some of these buses stop at the southern entrance on Mörfelder Landstraße.

Preceding station   Rhine-Main S-Bahn   Following station
toward Bad Soden
S3Frankfurt S3.svg
toward Kronberg
S4Frankfurt S4.svg
toward Langen
S5Frankfurt S5.svg Terminus
toward Friedberg
S6Frankfurt S6.svg
Preceding station   Frankfurt U-Bahn   Following station
toward Ginnheim
U1Frankfurt U1.svg Terminus
U2Frankfurt U2.svg
U3Frankfurt U3.svg
toward Ginnheim
U7Frankfurt U8.svg

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stationspreisliste 2014" [Station price list 2014] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Zum Glück gibt´s den Markt" (in German). Frankfurter Rundschau. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Track plan of Frankfurt South station" (in German). Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 2 July 2012.