Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

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Frederick Francis II
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1823 Friedrich Franz-04.JPG
Reign 7 March 1842 – 15 April 1883
Predecessor Paul Frederick
Successor Frederick Francis III
Spouse Augusta of Reuss-Köstritz
Anne of Hesse and by Rhine
Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Issue Frederick Francis III
Duke Paul Frederick
Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
Duke Nikolaus
Duke John Albert
Duke Alexander
Duchess Anne
Elizabeth, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg
Duke Friedrich William
Duke Adolf Friedrich
Hendrick, Prince consort of the Netherlands
House House of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Father Paul Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Mother Alexandrine of Prussia
Born 28 February 1823 (1823-02-28)
Ludwigslust
Died 15 April 1883 (1883-04-16) (aged 60)
Schwerin
Religion Christianity (Lutheran church)

Frederick Francis II (28 February 1823 – 15 April 1883) was a Prussian officer and Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 7 March 1842 until 15 April 1883.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Schloss Ludwigslust, the eldest son of Hereditary Grand Duke Paul Friedrich of Mecklenburg and his wife Princess Alexandrine of Prussia. He became heir apparent to the grand duchy following the death of his great-grandfather Frederick Francis I on 1 February 1837. Frederick Francis was privately educated until 1838. He then attended the Blochmann institute in Dresden before going to the University of Bonn.[1][2] Frederick Francis succeeded his father as Grand Duke on 7 March 1842.

Frederick Francis served on the general staff of Generalfeldmarschall Friedrich Graf von Wrangel during the Second Schleswig War. During the Austro-Prussian War he commanded the forces that occupied Leipzig and lay siege to Nuremberg. He also took part in the Franco-Prussian War, during which he was made Governor-General of Reims and commanded the German forces laying siege to Toul. He defended the Prussian forces during the Siege of Paris from attack by the Army of the Loire. He defeated French forces at the battles of Beaune-La-Rolande and Beaugency. He was a maternal first cousin of both German Emperor Frederick III and Russian Tsar Alexander II. He held the rank of Prussian general and was also a Russian General Field Marshal.[1]

Frederick Francis died on 15 April 1883 in Schwerin. He was succeeded as Grand Duke by his eldest son Frederick Francis III.

Marriages and children[edit]

Frederick Francis was first married to Princess Augusta of Reuss-Köstritz (1822–1862) on 3 November 1849 in Ludwigslust. They had six children:

Frederick Francis married for a second time in Darmstadt on 4 July 1864 to Princess Anne of Hesse and by Rhine. They had one daughter:

  • Duchess Anne of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1865–1882)

His third wife was Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, with whom he had four children:

Ancestors[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Obituary - Friedrich Franz II" (PDF). New York Times. 1883-04-16. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  2. ^ Garlington, JC (1852). The Men of the Time, Or, Sketches of Living Notables. Redfield. p. 349. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin at Wikimedia Commons


Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Cadet branch of the House of Mecklenburg
Born: 28 February 1823 Died: 15 April 1883
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Paul Frederick
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1842–1883
Succeeded by
Frederick Francis III