General Post Office, Hong Kong
The General Post Office (abbreviated: GPO; Chinese: t 郵政總局, s 邮政总局, p Yóuzhèng Zǒngjú; Cantonese: Yau4-jing3 Jung2-guk6) is the headquarters of Hongkong Post. Built in 1976, it is located at Connaught Place, Central, Hong Kong. The office is adjacent to former Star Ferry Pier, Jardine House and International Finance Centre. The current building occupied a seafront location until 2007, since when reclamation works have led to it becoming inland.
- 1841 - 1846: Above St.John's Cathedral, Garden Road (current Government Headquarters)
- 1846 - 1911: Queen's Road Central, opposite D'Aguilar Street
- 1911 - 1976: Junction of Des Voeux Road Central and Pedder Street. (rebuilt into World-Wide House)
- 1976 - present: 2 Connaught Place, Central
In 1846 premises which had belonged to Dent & Co. were transformed into Government Treasury (庫務署), Supreme Court and General Post Office. This land was auctioned in 1921, when it achieved a price of HK$50 per square foot. The resulting China Building (華人行) was completed in 1924.
Reclamations had taken place in the meantime in the late 1890s, and the first General Post Office was relocated in 1911 into new premises on the newly reclaimed section of Pedder Street. It was a typical Edwardian municipal construction of granite and red brick, and was known as "the Old Lady of Pedder Street".
This old General Post Office building was demolished in 1976, and was functionally relocated to Connaught Place to make way for the construction of the Central station of the MTR below ground. Below the building is the interchange of Hong Kong Station and Central Station of MTR. World-Wide House, an office block, was constructed above ground.
The site directly to its south was secured by Hongkong Land at a record price. In exchange, the Government was obliged to accede to a stipulation that no building directly to the north of Connaught Centre, now Jardine House, would obstruct its views, thus the maximum height of the GPO building was limited to 120 feet.
The GPO was designed by architect K. M. Tseng, as a 5 storey building, and the foundation to support another 2, up to the maximum permitted height of 120 feet. The building houses the first central vacuum-cleaning system in Hong Kong, without the need to change bags.
Pillars of the 1911 GPO, now displayed in the Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden
- Feature: Buildings for Pedder Street since colonialisation，Sing Pao，29 October 2005 (Chinese)
- Eric Cavaliero, Pedder Street was where it all happened, The Standard, 13 August 1998
- "Government – HK Land 'Pact' Limits New GPO'S Height" (PDF). The Star (Hong Kong). 14 April 1976.
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