Giddarbaha

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Giddarbaha
city
Punjab
Giddarbaha
Giddarbaha
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°12′N 74°40′E / 30.20°N 74.67°E / 30.20; 74.67Coordinates: 30°12′N 74°40′E / 30.20°N 74.67°E / 30.20; 74.67
Country  India
State Punjab
District Muktsar
Elevation 189 m (620 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 36,593
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 152101
Telephone code 91-1637
Website giddarbaha.com

Giddarbaha (Punjabi: ਗਿੱਦੜਬਾਹਾ) is a city and a municipal council in Muktsar district, in the Indian state of Punjab.

History[edit]

According to the legend, Giddarbaha in its earliest stages was known as ‘Pepali’, named after the old tree ‘pipal’. Giddarbaha, Pepali of that time, was a small village with limited number of people. When Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji visited Pepali, Guru Ji saw ladies of the village being disturbed by the ‘giddar’ when they went to fetch water from the well. When Guru Ji saw this, he inquired about the problem to which the villagers replied that everybody in this village is married except him (giddar). After knowing the problem, Guruji arranged the marriage of giddar. From there, the village was renamed by the locals as ‘Giddar viahia'.

In The British Raj[edit]

During that time it took shape of a town from the small village and when the Britishers reached here they wrongly pronounced the town name as Giddarbaha. They planned a new walled city in 1909 with six gates and carved the name on the gates as Giddarbaha. From there people accepted the name and started pronouncing the same. In 1917, the British government established the Bathinda - Karachi railway line, to transport the goods from this part of India to Karachi. Giddarbaha Railway Station was established on the line in 1918 which divided the old and new city. The railway station was established near the clock house gate and is very close to the bus stand.

Geography[edit]

Giddarbaha is located in the south-western zone of Punjab. The district of Faridkot lies to its North, Firozepur to the West and Bathinda to the East. It is well connected by rail and road networks. National Highway NH-15 connects Giddarbaha to Bathinda. Through Bathinda, Giddarbaha is connected to various Indian cities via railways as well.

Climate[edit]

There is wide seasonal temperature variation in the region, with summer temperatures reaching around maximum of 48-50 °C and winter temperatures down to minimum of 1-2 °C. The western Himalayas in the north and the Thar Desert in the south and southwest mainly determine the climatic conditions. The southwestern monsoon brings the rainy season during summer (July to September), with nearly 70% of the region's annual rainfall occurring during those months. Giddarbaha's sewage system beats the same of some big Indian cities.

The major part of the district experiences an aridic (tropical) moisture regime.[1] It is 16 km away from Malout city

Religion[edit]

Majority of Giddarbaha population follows Hinduism, followed closely by Sikhism. One can find many gurudwaras, mosques and churches as well in and around the city. Dera Baba Gangaram and Theri village Gurdwara are famous in the region.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001, according to the Indian census, Giddarbaha had a population of 36,593. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Gidderbaha had an average literacy rate of 89.5%, which was higher than the national average of 87.5%: male literacy was 92%, and female literacy was 87%. 14% of the population was under 6 years of age.[2]

The Giddarbaha subdivision, which covers an area of 68,028 hectares, had a population of 205,118. There were 44 villages in the subdivision, with Doda being a sub-Tehsil.[3]

Gidddarbaha has many schools-

  1. J.N.J.D.A.V. Sr Sec Public school.
  2. Malwa School.
  3. D.A.V. Vaish High School.
  4. Aryan Public School.
  5. Vishal Public School.
  6. Govt. Boys School.
  7. Govt. Girls School.
  8. Arjun Model School.
  9. P.K.S. International school (Bulluana, 13 km from Giddarbaha).
  10. Little Angel Public School
  11. Shivalik Public School
  12. City Montessori School
  13. Baba Gangaram Public School

There are two degree colleges as well - Mata Misri Devi College and Guru Gobind Singh College.

List Of Banks -

  1. State Bank Of India.
  2. State Bank Of Patiala.
  3. ICICI Bank.
  4. HDFC Bank.
  5. Punjab National Bank.
  6. Central Bank Of India.
  7. Punjab And Sindh Bank.
  8. Allahabad Bank.
  9. Oriental Bank Of Commerce.
  10. Cooperative Bank.
  11. Muthoot Finance.
  12. Bank Of India.

Places of interest[edit]

  • Gurdwara Dasvin Patshahi Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib
  • Shree Durga Mandir
  • Dera Baba Shree Ganga Ram Ji
  • Mandi Wala Gurudwara Sahib
  • Shree Gaushalla Mandir
  • Aggarwal Peerkhana
  • Hanuman Mandir Bantabad
  • Hanuman Mandir Subhash Nagar
  • New Park
  • Old park
  • Clock House
  • City Club
  • Basketball Stadium (Baba Ganga Ram Stadium)

The gates of the walled city are named as[edit]

Further afield[edit]

  • The Gurudwara Sri Sahib at Theri Sahib, where Sri Guru Gobind Singh is believed to have rested for the night (5 km from Giddarbaha)
  • The old Dera of Baba Ganga Ram ji, near Husnar village (3 km)
  • The religious Sarovar of Kulguru, in Husnar village (2 km)
  • The old church in Daula village (3 km)
  • Mandi Wali Nehar (4 km)
  • Dera Baba Lang (9 km)
  • Badal village (8 km)

Economy[edit]

Giddarbaha is one of the largest producers of snuff in India, with the Sat Photo and Panch Photo Snuff factory being its best known producer.

The city also acts as an agricultural market serving surrounding towns and villages.

Notable people from Giddarbaha[edit]

Giddarbaha is famous for producing Sardar(Leaders),Kalaakar(Singers) and Naswar(5 photo). Some of them are listed as:

  • Shri Chandan Muni Ji Maharaj (Jainism).
  • Parkash Singh Badal, Chief Minister of Punjab
  • Sukhbir Singh Badal, Deputy Chief minister of Punjab
  • Manpreet Singh Badal, former Member of Legislative Assembly and former Finance Minister[4]
  • Gurdas Mann, popular Punjabi singer
  • Mehar Mittal, popular comedian in Punjabi movies
  • Amit dev, popular Punjabi singer
  • Baba Lachmandass Wadhwa ji - 7 Photo Naswar (Snuff) and the person after whom the LACHMAN COLONY was named
  • Baba Kheturam ji 5 Photo Naswar (Snuff)
  • Ashok Mastie,Popular Punjabi Singer
  • Piyush Arora, Popular Mr. Coach
  • Lt Gen VK Dhir,PVSM,AVSM (Retd) is the first senior General Officer from Giddarbaha. He passed his Matric examination from Govt High School Giddarbaha in 1961 and joined NDA. He took part in 1971 Indo Pak War. He has been decorated with

highest distinguished service award of Param Visishth Sewa Madal by the President of India. He was Director General of Electronics and Mechanical Engineers at Army Headquarters, New Delhi from 2003 to 2005 when he patented the first fast attack vehicle for the Indian Army.[5][6][7][8][9]

External links[edit]

References[edit]