Giugliano in Campania

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Giugliano in Campania
Comune
Comune di Giugliano in Campania
Church of the Annunziata.
Church of the Annunziata.
Coat of arms of Giugliano in Campania
Coat of arms
Giugliano in Campania is located in Italy
Giugliano in Campania
Giugliano in Campania
Location of Giugliano in Campania in Italy
Coordinates: 40°56′N 14°12′E / 40.933°N 14.200°E / 40.933; 14.200Coordinates: 40°56′N 14°12′E / 40.933°N 14.200°E / 40.933; 14.200
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Naples (NA)
Frazioni Lago Patria
Government
 • Mayor Giovanni Pianese
Area
 • Total 94 km2 (36 sq mi)
Population (June 30, 2011)
 • Total 118,821
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Demonym Giuglianesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 80014
Dialing code 081
Patron saint St. Iulianus
Saint day January 9
Website Official website

Giugliano in Campania (better known simply as Giugliano) is a city and comune in the province of Napoli, Campania, Italy. As of 2011, it had some 110,000 inhabitants and it is the most populated Italian city not provincial seat. It is part of Naples metropolitan area.

History[edit]

In 5th-4th century BCE the territory of Giugliano was settled by the Osci. According to a tradition, the city was founded by a group of colonists from Cuma in 421 BCE, who called it Lilianum ("Land of the lilies"). The city remained a small center until 1207, when Cuma was destroyed by the Neapolitans; some of the citizens from that town, including the clergy and the cathedral capitular, took shelter in Giugliano. The first documents mentioning a fief in Giugliano dates from 1270.

Lords of the city were, in sequence, the Vulcano, Filomarino, Pignatelli, D'Aquino, Pinelli and Colonna.

Main sights[edit]

  • Palazzo Pinelli, built in 1545 by architect Giovanni Francesco di Palma. It had a side tower, which was later demolished.
  • Church of Santa Sofia (17th century), designed by Domenico Fontana. It was finished in 1730-1745 by the Neapolitan architect Domenico Antonio Vaccaro. It houses the tomb of Giovan Battista Basile.
  • Church of the Annunziata, known from the 16th century. It is home to several canvasses by Neapolitan artists such as Massimo Stanzione and Carlo Sellitto. it has a nave with apse and transept; the pulpit is in Roccoco style, while the rest of the interior is decorated in Baroque style. Notable are also the large wooden organ (late 16th century), the Chapel of Madonna della Pace and early 16th Stories of the Virgin' in the left transept.
  • Church of Sant'Anna. Of the original building, existing in the 14th century, the bell tower remains. It houses 16th-century paintings by Fabrizio Santafede and Pietro Negroni.
  • Church of Madonna delle Grazie, with a 14th-century bell tower and a 16th-century portal. The interior has a 15th-century Gothic Incoronation of the Virgin and early 16th-century frescoes.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Giugliano in Campania at Wikimedia Commons