Acerra

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For other uses, see Acerra (disambiguation).
Acerra
Comune
Comune di Acerra
Aerial photo of Acerra
Aerial photo of Acerra
Acerra is located in Italy
Acerra
Acerra
Location of Acerra in Italy
Coordinates: 40°57′N 14°22′E / 40.950°N 14.367°E / 40.950; 14.367Coordinates: 40°57′N 14°22′E / 40.950°N 14.367°E / 40.950; 14.367
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Naples (NA)
Frazioni Gaudello, Pezzalunga
Government
 • Mayor Raffaele Lettieri (UdC)
Area
 • Total 54.08 km2 (20.88 sq mi)
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (1 April 2009)
 • Total 55,003
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demonym Acerrani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 80011
Dialing code 081
Patron saint St. Cuono and Conello
Saint day 29 May
Website Official website

Acerra is a town and comune of Campania, southern Italy, in the Province of Naples, about 20 kilometres (12 miles) northeast of the provincial capital in Naples. It is part of the Agro Acerrano plain.

History[edit]

Acerra is one of the most ancient cities of the region, probably founded by the Osci with the name of Akeru (Latin: Acerrae). It was the first Roman city that was granted the status of civitas sine suffragio (332 BC).

Acerra was destroyed by Hannibal in 216 BC, but was restored in 210 BC.

Acerra served as a Roman base during the Social War in 90 BC.[1]

In 826 the Lombards built here a castle, later destroyed by Bono of Naples. In 881 it was sacked by the Saracens. Later it was a Norman possession, the seat of a county. As part of the Kingdom of Naples, it was a fief of the Aquino, the Origlia, the Orsini del Balzo and, from 1496 until 1812, the Cardenas. From 1927 it was part of the province of Terra di Lavoro.

Main sights[edit]

  • Acerra Cathedral, originally built over an ancient temple of Hercules and remade in the 19th century. It houses some Baroque canvasses from the 17th century. Annexed is the Bishop's Palace.
  • Church of Corpus Domini (16th century).
  • Church of Annunziata (15th century), with a 12th-century crucifix and a 15th-century Annunciation attributed to Dello Delli.
  • Church of San Pietro (16th-17th centuries)
  • Baronal Castle.
  • Archaeological area of Suessula. Location 40°59'23.47"N 14°23'53.41"E

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canby, Courtlandt. The Encyclopedia of Historic Places. (New York: Facts of File Publicantions, 1984) p. 6

External links[edit]

  • Acerrae in William Smith’s Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854).