Glenn Murcutt

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Glenn Murcutt
27-11-04 Murcutt y yo 022.jpg
Glenn Murcutt in 2004
Born (1936-07-25) 25 July 1936 (age 78)
London, England
Nationality Australian
Awards RAIA Gold Medal (1992)
Pritzker Prize (2002)
AIA Gold Medal (2009)
Buildings Marie Short House (1975), Fredericks House (1982), Ball-Eastaway House (1983), Magney House (1984), Marika-Alderton House (1994), Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Education Centre (1999)

Glenn Marcus Murcutt AO (born 25 July 1936) is a British-born Australian architect and winner of the 1992 Alvar Aalto Medal, the 2002 Pritzker Prize and the 2009 AIA Gold Medal.

Biography[edit]

Murcutt was born in London to Australian parents. He grew up in the Morobe Province of Papua New Guinea, where he developed an appreciation for simple, vernacular architecture. After moving to Sydney, he was educated at Manly Boys' High School and studied architecture at the Sydney Technical College, from which he graduated in 1961,[1] and where he became friends with other soon-to-be-prominent students, including director Jim Sharman, theatre designer Brian Thomson and film producer Matt Carroll. Murcutt's early work experience was with various architects, such as Neville Gruzman, Ken Woolley and Bryce Mortlock which exposed him to their style of organic architecture focussing on relationships to nature. By 1969 Murcutt established his own practice in the Sydney suburb of Mosman.[1][2]

Murcutt works as a sole practitioner, producing residential and institutional work all over Australia. Although he does not work outside the country, or run a large firm, his work has a worldwide influence, especially since Murcutt teaches master classes for beginning and established architects.[3] Filmmaker Catherine Hunter, who is making a documentary on the architect, has said: "He gives everything, he can’t help himself. He’s unstoppable, he’s this force. Long before we started talking about things such as sustainability, Glenn was practising those things."[4]

Murcutt's motto, 'touch the earth lightly', convinces him to design his works to fit into the Australian landscape features. His works are highly economical and multi-functional. Murcutt also pays attention to the environment such as wind direction, water movement, temperature and light surrounding his sites before he designs the building itself. Materials such as glass, stone, timber and steel are often included in his works.

Testament to his influence internationally was the award of the 2002 Pritzker Prize, one of the highest distinctions in architecture.[5] In the words of the Pritzker jury: "In an age obsessed with celebrity, the glitz of our 'starchitects', backed by large staffs and copious public relations support, dominate the headlines. As a total contrast, Murcutt works in a one-person office on the other side of the world ... yet has a waiting list of clients, so intent is he to give each project his personal best. He is an innovative architectural technician who is capable of turning his sensitivity to the environment and to locality into forthright, totally honest, non-showy works of art." In 2009 Murcutt won the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal.

Murcutt currently lectures and teaches architectural studies as a professor at the UNSW Faculty of Built Environment.

Murcutt's son Nicholas was also a practicing architect.

Building projects[edit]

Bowali Visitor Information Centre, Kakadu National Park, in collaboration with Troppo Architects
  • 1972-74 : Laurie Short House, Sydney (NSW)
  • 1974-75 : Marie Short House, Kempsey (NSW)
  • 1976-83 : Berowra Waters Inn, Berowra Waters (NSW)
  • 1977-78: Ockens House, Cromer (NSW)
  • 1977-80 : Nicholas House, Mount Irvine (NSW)
  • 1977-80 : Carruthers House, Mount Irvine (NSW)
  • 1982  : Kempsey Visitor Information Centre (NSW)
  • 1981-83 : Ball-Eastaway House, Glenorie, Sydney (NSW)
  • 1976-88 : Museum of Local History and Tourist Office, Kempsey (NSW)
  • 1981-82 : Fredericks House, Jamberoo (NSW)
  • 1982-84 : Magney House, Bingie Bingie (NSW)
  • 1986-90 : Magney House, Sydney (NSW)
  • 1988-91 : Done House, Sydney (NSW)
  • 1988-92 : Meagher House, Bowral (NSW)
  • 1992  : Raheen (Pratt Family Wing Addition), Kew (VIC)
  • 1989-94 : Simpson-Lee House, Mount Wilson (NSW)
  • 1991-94 : Marika-Alderton House, Yirrkala Community, Eastern Arnhern Land (NT)
  • 1992  : Murcutt Guest Studio, Kempsey (NSW)
  • 1992-94 : Bowali Visitor Information Centre, Kakadu National Park (NT), in collaboration with Troppo Architects
  • 1994-96 : Schnaxl House, Newport, Sydney (NSW)
  • 1996-98 : Fletcher-Page House, Kangaroo Valley (NSW)
  • 1995-96 : Douglas and Ruth Murcutt House, Woodside (SA)
  • 1996-99 : Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Art Centre, Riversdale, West Cambewarra (NSW), in collaboration with Reg Lark and Wendy Lewin
  • 1997-01 : House at Kangaloon, Southern Highlands (NSW)
  • 2000-03 : Murcutt/Lewin House and Studio, Mosman (NSW)
  • 2001-05 : Walsh House, Kangaroo Valley (NSW)
  • 2002-03 : Lerida Estate Winery, Lake George (NSW)
  • 2006-07 : Moss Vale Education Centre (University of Wollongong), Moss Vale (NSW), in collaboration with Wendy Lewin

Honours and awards[edit]

Prestigious awards include:

He is an Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Architects (AIA), an International Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, an Honorary Fellow of the Finnish Association of Architects as well as Honorary Member of the Architects Institutes in Taiwan, Scotland and Singapore. In 2008 he was elected an Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 2010, he was named a Senior Fellow of the Design Futures Council.[7] He was founding President of the Australian Architecture Association and is Chair of the Architecture Foundation Australia (annual Murcutt International Master Class).[3]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. NA40.I45. p111.
  • "Glenn Murcutt Pritzker Prize", ArchitectureWeek No. 94, 2002.0417, pN1.1.
  • Muller, Brook "In the Landscape of Murcutt", ArchitectureWeek No. 66, 2001.0912, pE1.1.
  • Francoise Fromonot. Glenn Murcutt : Buildings and Projects 1962-2003. Thames and Hudson, London/New York, 2005. ISBN 978-0-500-28589-3. ISBN 0-500-28589-6
  • Philip Drew. Leaves of Iron : Glenn Murcutt : Pioneer of an Australian Architectural Form. ISBN 0-207-17327-3.
  • Philip Drew. Touch This Earth Lightly: Glenn Murcutt in His Own Words. Duffy & Snellgrove, 15 May 2000. ISBN 1-875989-46-3.
  • E. M. Farrelly. Glenn Murcutt - Three Houses (Architecture in Detail). Phaidon Press Inc. (October 1993). ISBN 0-7148-2875-0.
  • Haig Beck and Jackie Cooper, A Singular Practice. Images, April 2006. ISBN 1-876907-75-4.
  • Limited Edition Folio, "Glenn Murcutt Architect", Essays by Kenneth Frampton, Juhani Pallasmaa, boxed photos/drawings. 01 Editions, Sydney, 2006. ISBN 0-9775931-0-X.
  • Gusheh, Heneghan, Lassan, Seyama, "The Architecture of Glenn Murcutt", TOTO, Japan, 2008. ISBN 978-4-88706-293-1
  • Gusheh, Heneghan, Lassan, Seyama, "Glenn Murcutt - Thinking Drawing,Working Drawing", TOTO, Japan, 2008. ISBN 978-4-88706-294-8
  • Farrelly, Elizabeth Murcutt: Three Houses (1993), London, Phaidon, ISBN 0714828750

References[edit]

External links[edit]