Gogugwon of Goguryeo
|Gogugwon of Goguryeo|
|Hangul||고국원왕, 국원왕, 국강상왕|
|Hanja||故國原王, 國原王, 國岡上王|
|Revised Romanization||Gogugwon-wang, Gugwon-wang, Gukgangsang-wang|
|McCune–Reischauer||Kogugwŏn-wang, Kugwŏn-wang, Kukkangsang-wang|
|Hangul||고사유 or 유 or 쇠|
|Hanja||高斯由 or 劉 or 釗|
|Revised Romanization||Go Sayu or Yu or Soe|
|McCune–Reischauer||Ko Sayu or Yu or Soe|
|Monarchs of Korea
King Gogugwon of Goguryeo (?-371, r. 331-371) was the 16th king of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. He was the son of King Micheon and Lady Ju. He's birth name is Sayu. He was made crown prince in 314 and became king upon his father's death. He was called Emperor Soyeol (Soyeol-je, 소열제, 昭烈帝) in the Chinese history text Suishu, but this appears to be a mistaken transcription of the earlier Weishu. Because, at the same time, Tuoba Yihuai was the Lie Emperor (烈帝)of Dai State.
He ruled at a time when the kingdom was quite weak, and had an ill-fated reign. He sent tribute to the Xianbei state of Former Yan after they invaded the capital in 342 and held the queen and royal concubines captive, in order to secure the return the corpse of King Micheon.
The capital was temporarily moved to Pyongyang, present-day capital of North Korea. In response to the expansion of the southern Korean kingdom Baekje, Gogugwon led an unsuccessful attack in 369. Baekje's king Geunchogo invaded in 371 and Geunchogo's son Geungusu killed Gogugwon in battle at Pyongyang Castle. He was buried in Gogugwon.
Depiction in arts and media
in the South Korean drama The King of Legend, actor Lee Jongwon portrays King Sayu or Gogugwon of Goguryeo (16th Taewang of Goguryeo). He is primarily portrayed as an open antagonist against Baekja and its leadership on many different levels.
- (Korean) SBS 대하사극 [연개소문]-김용만칼럼