List of heads of state of Malawi

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Coat of arms of Malawi.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Malawi

This is a list of the heads of state of Malawi from the independence of Malawi in 1963 to the present day.

From 1963 to 1964 the head of state under the Malawi Independence Act 1964 was the Monarch, who was the same person as the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch was represented in Malawi by a Governor-General. Malawi became a republic under the Constitution of 1966 and the monarch and Governor-General were replaced by an executive President.

Monarch (1964–1966)[edit]

The succession to the throne of Malawi was the same as the succession to the throne of the United Kingdom, governed by the Act of Settlement 1701.

Monarch Reign Royal House Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Reign start Reign end Duration
1 Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG Queen Elizabeth II
(1926–)
6 July 1964 6 July 1966 2 years House of Windsor Banda

Governors-General[edit]

The Governor-General was the representative of the monarch in Malawi and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Malawi without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

Status
  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Governor-General Term of Office Monarch(s) Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Duration
1 No image.png Sir Glyn Jones
(1908–1992)
6 July 1964 6 July 1966 2 years Elizabeth II Banda

President of Malawi[edit]

Under the country's 1966, 1994 and 1995 constitutions, the President replaced the monarch as executive head of state. The President is elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy, the Vice President serves as Acting President. The President leads the Malawian government's executive branch and is the commander-in-chief of the Malawian Defence Force.

  Denotes Vice President acting as President
President Term of office Political party
(at time of election)
# Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Duration
1 Banda and Youens in 1964.jpg Hastings Banda
(1898–1997)[1]
6 July 1966 21 May 1994 27 years, 319 days Malawi Congress Party
2 No image.png Bakili Muluzi
(1943–)
21 May 1994 24 May 2004 10 years, 3 days United Democratic Front
Mutharika at Met.jpg Bingu wa Mutharika
(1934–2012)
24 May 2004 1 February 2005 7 years, 317 days United Democratic Front
3
1 February 2005 5 April 2012
(Died in Office)
Democratic Progressive Party
4 Joyce Banda Department for International Development photo crop.jpg Joyce Banda
(1950–)
7 April 2012 31 May 2014 2 years, 54 days People's Party
5 Peter Mutharika 2011 (cropped).jpg Peter Mutharika
(1940–)
31 May 2014 Incumbent 0 years, 90 days
(as of 29 August 2014)
Democratic Progressive Party

Living former heads of state[edit]

Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
Elizabeth II 1964–1966 Queen of Malawi 21 April 1926
Bakili Muluzi 1994–2004 President of Malawi 17 March 1943
Joyce Banda 2012–2014 President of Malawi 12 April 1950

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Served as President for Life from 6 July 1971 to November 1993