Guantánamo

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For other uses, see Guantánamo (disambiguation).
Guantánamo
Municipality
Main street in front of post office
Main street in front of post office
Guantánamo municipality (red) within  Guantánamo Province (yellow) and Cuba
Guantánamo municipality (red) within
Guantánamo Province (yellow) and Cuba
Guantánamo is located in Cuba
Guantánamo
Guantánamo
Location of Guantánamo in Cuba
Coordinates: 20°08′12″N 75°12′50″W / 20.13667°N 75.21389°W / 20.13667; -75.21389Coordinates: 20°08′12″N 75°12′50″W / 20.13667°N 75.21389°W / 20.13667; -75.21389
Country  Cuba
Province Guantánamo
Established 1797[1]
Area[2]
 • Municipality 741.4 km2 (286.3 sq mi)
Elevation 46 m (151 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Municipality 210,407
 • Density 280/km2 (740/sq mi)
 • Metro 216,734
Demonym Guantanamero/ra
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Postal code 95100
Area code(s) +53 21
Hotel Washington (1974)
The Cathedral
Plaza de la Revolucion

Guantánamo is a municipality and city in southeast Cuba and capital of Guantánamo Province.

Guantánamo is served by the Caimanera port near the site of a U.S. Naval base. The area produces sugarcane and cotton wool. These are traditional parts of the economy.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is mountainous in the north, where it overlays the Sierra Maestra (mountains), and borders the Windward Passage of the Caribbean Sea in the south. It is crossed by the Guantánamo, Yateras, Guaso, San Andrés and Sabanalamar rivers. The Guantánamo Bay is a natural harbour south of the city.

The municipality is divided into the barrios of Arroyo Hondo, Baitiquirí, Bano, Bayate, Caimanera, Camarones, Caridad, Corralillo, Cuatro Caminos, Filipinas, Glorieta, Gobierno, Guaso, Hospital, Indios, Isleta, Jaibo Abajo, Las Lajas, Macurijes, Mercado, Ocujal, Parroquia, Palma de San Juan, Rastro, Tiguabos and Vínculo.[1]

United States Naval Base[edit]

About 15 km away from the city lies the Guantánamo Bay, a superior natural harbor which has been militarily occupied by the United States since 1898, when it was captured from Spain in the Battle of Guantánamo Bay, and was subsequently leased from Cuba in 1903 by the Cuban–American Treaty. It is the site of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp.

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the municipality of Guantánamo had a population of 244,603.[3] With a total area of 741 km2 (286 sq mi),[2] it has a population density of 330.1 /km2 (855 /sq mi).

Famous Guantanameros[edit]

Notable natives of Guantánamo include athletes Joel Casamayor, Erislandy Lara, Yuriorkis Gamboa, Yumileidi Cumbá, Jaime Jefferson, Yargelis Savigne, Dayron Robles, Luis Delís, Cuban-American gymnast Annia Hatch, and cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez.

The song "Guantanamera"[edit]

Main article: Guantanamera

"Guantanamera" (Spanish: "from Guantánamo [feminine]", thus "woman from Guantánamo") is perhaps the best known Cuban song and that country's most noted patriotic song. In 1966, a version by American vocal group The Sandpipers, based on an arrangement by Pete Seeger, became an international hit.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guije.com. "Guantánamo". Retrieved 2007-10-05.  (Spanish)
  2. ^ a b Statoids. "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-05.  (Spanish)

Further reading[edit]

  • Jonathan M. Hansen, Guantánamo: An American History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2011.

External links[edit]