Gun laws in Minnesota
|Subject/Law||Long guns||Handguns||Relevant Statutes||Notes|
|State Permit to Purchase?||No||Yes||§624.7131||Permit to purchase required to transfer/purchase "military-style assault weapons" and handguns through FFL dealers. A permit to carry also acts as a permit to purchase for Minnesota residents. Traditional rifles and shotguns may be purchased without a permit. There are private seller regulations in Minnesota. Please read here: https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=624.7132#stat.624.7132 . A private seller is guilty of a gross misdemeanor if a private transfer is made to a prohibited person who then uses or possesses the firearm during the commission of a felony crime of violence within one year of the transfer. Minn. Stat. https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=624.7132#stat.624.7132
§§ 609.66, subd. 1f (https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=609.66#stat.609.66.1f) and 624.7132, subd. 12(1)(https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=624.7132#stat.624.7132.12).
|"Assault weapon" law?||No||No||§624.7131||Persons under the age of 21 prohibited from purchasing handguns. Persons 18 and older may purchase "assault weapons" with a permit to purchase (or permit to carry for persons 21 and older).|
|Magazine Capacity Restriction?||No||No|
|Owner license required?||No||No|
|Carry permits issued?||No||Yes||§624.714||Shall Issue. Minnesota Permit to Carry a Pistol required to carry handguns. Concealment is permitted but not required, but only handguns may be carried concealed.|
|Open Carry?||Yes||Yes||§624.7181||May carry openly with permit to carry.|
|State Preemption of local restrictions?||Yes||Yes||§471.633||Municipalities may regulate the discharge of firearms within their borders.|
|NFA weapons restricted?||Yes||Yes||§609.67||Machine guns and short-barreled shotguns, unless designated Curios & Relics, are prohibited in most cases. Sound suppressors and some destructive devices are prohibited in most cases.|
|Peaceable Journey laws?||No||No||Federal rules observed.|
Permits to carry
As of August 31, 2013 there are 153,288 current permit holders in Minnesota.
- The county sheriff must either issue or deny a permit within 30 days of the application date.
- New and renewal permits are valid for five (5) years from the date of issuance. Emergency permits are valid for 30 days.
- Landlords may not restrict the lawful carry or possession of firearms by tenants or their guests.
- Private establishments can ban any firearms and must post a notice banning guns on their premises and personally notify patrons that guns are not allowed.
- Sheriff's departments which wrongfully deny an applicant (as determined by the courts) are responsible for reimbursing legal fees incurred by applicant.
- Must be at least 18 years of age
- Must complete an application form
- Must not be prohibited from possessing a firearm under Minnesota Statute 624.714 (Criminal background & mental health history check)
- Must not be listed in the criminal gang investigation system
- Must be a resident of the county to which one is applying for a permit, if you reside in Minnesota. Non-residents may apply to any Minnesota county sheriff.
- Must present evidence of training in the safe use of a pistol. (Training completed within one year of an original or renewal application. – 624.714, Subd. 2a)
Places Prohibited by statute
- K-12 School property ∗ † ∗∗
- A childcare center while children are present ∗∗
- State correctional facilities or state hospitals and grounds (MN Statute 243.55)
- Any jail, lockup or correctional facility (MN Statute 641.165)
- Courthouse complexes, unless the sheriff is notified (MN Statute 609.66)
- Offices and courtrooms of the Minnesota Supreme Court and Court of Appeals
- Any state building within the Capitol Complex, unless the commissioner of public safety is notified (MN Statute 609.66)
- In federal court facilities or other federal facilities (Title 18 U.S.C.§ 930)
∗ Public colleges and universities may make administrative policies prohibiting the carry of firearms by students and employees. However, such policies are not laws and do not have the authority of laws, nor may peace officers enforce such policies under the color of law.
∗∗ The Carrying of firearms on school and day care facility property is allowed with written permission from the principal or other person in general control of the school, or the director of a child care center. Exiting a vehicle with a firearms is only allowed to place the firearm in the trunk of the vehicle, unless written permission has been received.
† With the exception of religious organizations, no public or private entity may prohibit the carry or storage of firearms within vehicles in parking lots.
Minnesota Is a "shall issue" state for Permit(s) to Carry a Pistol.