Händel-Gesellschaft

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A title page of Händelgesellschaft volume 1 (1858)
Page from Händelgesellschaft volume 1 (1858) – showing the work contained in the volume: Handel's oratorio Susanna

Between 1858 and 1902, the Händel-Gesellschaft, or "German Handel Society," produced a collected 105-volume edition of the works of George Frideric Handel. Even though the collection was initiated by the society, many of the volumes were published by Friedrich Chrysander working alone (Chrysander was the major contributor for almost all of the volumes). The wording on the title page of the volumes is "Georg Friedrich Händel's Werke. Ausgabe der Deutschen Händelgesellschaft" which translates as "Georg Friedrich Handel's works. Edition of the German Handel Society". Chrysander's work has been criticised, however the scale of his achievement is also praised. The collection's abbreviation of "HG" can be used to identify individual works by Handel; for example Handel's Messiah can be referred to as "HG xlv" (with the Roman numerals "xlv" indicating that the work is in volume 45).[1] For practical use, the HG system has been superseded by the HWV numbering system. The 105 volumes do not contain the complete works of Handel—with at least 250 of his works unpublished in the collection.

History[edit]

Before the Händelgesellschaft, at least two collected editions of Handel's works had been produced. Samuel Arnold's 180-volume collection was produced between 1787 and 1797—however, it was far from complete, and included, for example, only five of Handel's 42 Italian operas.[2] The other major collection was produced by the English Handel Society (founded by Sir George Macfarren) between 1843 and 1858—however, it too was incomplete.[3]

In 1856, the Händel-Gesellschaft was founded by Chrysander and the literary historian Georg Gottfried Gervinus (with Chrysander the only active editor).[4]

The society[edit]

Despite the reference to a "society" in the name of the Händel-Gesellschaft (including a board of directors), the edition was produced almost entirely by Chrysander, who carried on publication of the edition even when the society dropped out of the project.[5] Chrysander set up an office in the garden at his home, and from 1862 onwards personally superintended the engraving and printing of the edition.[6] Additionally, he sold fruits and vegetables raised in his garden to derive further income during the years of publication.[7]

The first volume (1858) was prepared by Julius Rietz (although with results that displeased Chrysander).[8] Max Seiffert assisted with some of the later editing.[9]

Due to its being more comprehensive than previous collections, the Händel-Gesellschaft edition was long considered the standard reference for Handel's works. When the Hallische Händel-Ausgabe was inaugurated in 1955, it was at first intended as a supplement to Chrysander's work, and only later (in 1958) became a full critical edition in its own right.[10]


Criticism[edit]

Some have criticised Chrysander's efforts, with one writer commenting that "he was an autocrat, a law into himself, who often made his selection according to his desires, who altered and revised at will, and who even falsified documents to suit his purposes,"[11] and another criticising his "arbitrary selection of material in the more complex works and his failure to explain his methods."[12]

There are also problems such as the renumbering of the chamber sonatas originally published by Handel as his Op. 1 and Op. 2; for example, the Trio sonata in B flat for two violins and continuo, Op. 2 no. 3, appears in the Händel-Gesellschaft edition as Op. 2 no. 4. These renumberings by Chrysander resulted in confusion which still persists.[13]

The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition comments that "The complete edition of the German Handelgesellschaft suffers from being the work of one man who would not recognize that his task was beyond any single man's power ... Yet Chrysander's services in the restoration of Handel are beyond praise".[14]

Structure of the society[edit]

Volume 1, page 13 of the Händelgesellschaft (1858) – detailing the structure of the society

At the time of the publication of the first volume of the Händelgesellschaft in 1858, the society was run by directors and a committee. The following details were taken from information printed in the first volume:

Directors[edit]

The directors (German: directorium) were:

  • Jul. Rietz, Vorsitzender (president)
  • M. Hauptmann, Sekretaer (secretary)
  • Breitkopf & Härtel, Cassirer
  • Fr. Chrysander
  • G. G. Gervinus

Committee[edit]

The 27 committee members (German: ausschuss) were:

C. F. Becker in Leipzig Director J. F. Kittl in Prag Prof. J. Moscheles in Leipzig
Prof. L. Bischoff in Cöln Dr. E. Krüger in Aurich Musikdirector G. D. Otten in Hamburg
Dr. Faisst in Stuttgart Gen.-Musikdirector Fr. Lachnerin München Graf von Redern in Berlin
Musikdirector R. Franz in Halle Kapellmeister V. Lachner in Mannheim Musikdirector F. W. Rühl in Frankfurt a. M.
C. P. G. Grädener in Hamburg Hofkapellmeister Dr. Liszt in Weimar Victor Schoelcher in London
Musikdirector H. Giehne in Carlsrube Prof. Jul. Maier in München Schnyder von Wartensee in Frankfurt a.M.
Kapellmeister Fr. Hauser in München Musikdirector C. A. Mangold in Darmstadt Musikdirector E. Sobolewski in Bremen
Kapellmeister Fr. Hiller in Cöln Musikdirector Fr. Marpurg in Mainz Musikdirector Jul Stern in Berlin
Prof. O. Jahn in Bonn Gen.-Musikdirector G. Meyerbeer in Berlin Hofkapellmeister A. Wehner in Hannover

The structure of the society was printed in the following fifteen volumes: 1, 5, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 23, 28, 34, 36, 56, 65, 71 and 76.

Volumes[edit]

The publications were literately labelled as "Lieferung" (which is German for "consignment" or "delivery") followed by a Roman numeral indicating the volume number. For example the fourth volume (containing the oratorio Hercules) was labelled as "Lieferung IV". The volumes are also sometimes referred to as "Bands".

Unless stated in the table below, Chrysander wrote a foreword for each volume. All volumes are in German, however most (again indicated below) include various English translations. Where a volume contains more than one work, the ordering of the HWV numbers indicate the order in which the works were published within the volume. The original German spelling of the volume titles has been retained.

The 105 volumes (which includes six supplement volumes) published in the Händelgesellschaft are (note that volume 49 was never published):

Vol. Title Foreword date Publisher Genre Pages Notes and works (including HWV numbers).
001I Susanna 1858-10-1616 Oct 1858 The society Oratorio 251251 Contains the score (on 216 pages) for the oratorio Susanna (HWV 66). The volume begins with three pages of text (in German) titled "Ankündigung" and "einer vollständigen Ausgabe von Händel's Werken" (meaning "Announcement" and "a complete edition of Handel's works"). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
002II Klavierstücke 1859-02-2323 Feb 1859 The society Keyboard (solo) 189189 Contains the score (on 174 pages) of some of Handel's keyboard works. The volume begins with a page (in German) from the Breitkoft & Härtel company titled "An die Mitglieder der deutschen Händelgesellschaft" (meaning "To the members of the German Handel Society").

Under the heading Erste Sammlung (First Collection) are the following eight works:[15]

Suite de pièce Vol. 1: HWV 426, 427, 428, 429, 430, 431, 432, 433

Under the heading Zweite Sammlung (Second Collection) are the following nine works:[15]

Suite de pièce Vol. 2: HWV 494 & 434/4, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442 (HWV 437 contains Handel's famous Sarabande)

Under the heading Dritts Sammlung (Third Collection) are the following twelve works:[15]

HWV 447, 452, 483, 490, 485, 575 & 496, ?, 481, 574, 585, 577, 578

Under the heading Vierte Sammlung (Fourth Collection) are the following six works:[15]

Fuga I – VI: HWV 605, 606, 607, 608, 609, 610
003III Acis und Galatea. Pastoral 1859-03-2525 Mar 1859 The society Masque 151151 Contains the score (on 132 pages) for the pastoral masque Acis und Galatea (HWV 49). There is no indication of who wrote the foreword. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
004IV Herakles 1859-08-011 Aug 1859 The society Oratorio 286286 Contains the score (on 262 pages) for the oratorio Hercules (HWV 60). There is no indication of who wrote the foreword. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
005V Athalia 1859-11-011 Nov 1859 The society Oratorio 240240 Contains the score (on 215 pages) for the oratorio Athalia (HWV 52). There is no indication of who wrote the foreword. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
006VI L'Allegro, il Penseroso ed il Moderato 1859-12-2626 Dec 1859 The society Oratorio 208208 Contains the score (on 180 pages) for the oratorio L'Allegro, il Penseroso ed il Moderato (HWV 55). The score includes a seven-page appendix. There is no indication of who wrote the foreword. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
007VII Semele 1860-07-011 Jul 1860 The society Oratorio 260260 Contains the score (on 234 pages) for the oratorio Semele (HWV 58). Contains a brief foreword by Richter. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
008VIII Theodora 1860-12-3131 Dec 1860 The society Oratorio 246246 Contains the score (on 223 pages) for the oratorio Theodora (HWV 68). The score includes a three-page appendix. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
009IX Passion nach dem Evang. Johannes 1860-12-2525 Dec 1860 The society Passion 106106 Contains the score (on 78 pages) for the Passion according to the evangelist John. The work is believed to have been composed by the German composer Georg Böhm. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
010X Samson 1861-07-3131 Jul 1861 The society Oratorio 330330 Contains the score (on 296 pages) for the oratorio Samson (HWV 57). The score includes a seven-page appendix. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
011XI Trauerhymne auf den Tod der Königin Karoline 1861-12-011 Dec 1861 The society Anthem 09696 Contains the score (on 81 pages) for the anthem Funeral Anthem for Queen Caroline (HWV 264). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
012XII Alexander's Fest 1862-01-1515 Jan 1862 The society Ode 190190 Contains the score (on 162 pages) for the ode Alexander's Feast (HWV 75). The volume gives a subtitle for the work as oder die Macht der Tonkunst (meaning "or the Power of Music"). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
013XIII Saul 1862-07-011 Jul 1862 The society Oratorio 302302 Contains the score (on 286 pages) for the oratorio Saul (HWV 53). The score includes an 18-page appendix. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
014XIV Krönungshymnen für König Georg II 1863-01-011 Jan 1863 The society Anthem 138138 Contains the score (on 129 pages) for the four coronation anthems: Zadok the Priest (HWV 258), The King Shall Rejoice (HWV 260), My Heart is Inditing (HWV 261), and Let Thy Hand be Stengthened (HWV 259). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
015XV Passion nach B. H. Brockes 1863-03-011 Mar 1863 The society Passion 172172 Contains the score (on 155 pages) for the passion Brockes Passion (HWV 48). Contains the text of the work (with the English translation printed in the music). Following the foreword, there is an apology from the translator for the very feeble execution of his part of this work.
016XVI Israel in Aegypten 1863-08-011 Aug 1863 The society Oratorio 290290 Contains the score (on 279 pages) for the oratorio Israel in Egypt (HWV 54). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
017XVII Josua 1864-03-011 Mar 1864 The society Oratorio 213213 Contains the score (on 199 pages) for the oratorio Joshua (HWV 64). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
018XVIII Die Wahl des Herakles 1864-05-011 May 1864 The society Oratorio 112112 Contains the score (on 90 pages) for the oratorio The Choice of Hercules (HWV 69). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
019XIX Belsazar 1864-11-011 Nov 1864 The society Oratorio 294294 Contains the score (on 267 pages) for the oratorio Belshazzar (HWV 61). The score contains a six-page appendix. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
020XX Sieg der Zeit und Wahrheit 1865-07-011 Jul 1865 The society Oratorio 202202 Contains the score (on 168 pages) for the oratorio The Triumph of Time and Truth (HWV 71). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
021XXI Instrumental-Concerte 1865-08-011 Aug 1865 The society Concerto 139139 Contains the score (on 116 pages) of six concerti grossi (the "Opus 3" set) and various other instrumental concertos and works. The following works appear in the publication:
Op. 3: HWV 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317
Oboe Concertos 1, 2, and 3: HWV 301, 302a, 287
Other: HWV 318 (concerto grosso), 302b (largo), 288 (violin concerto)
022XXII Judas Maccabäus 1866-01-011 Jan 1866 The society Oratorio 256256 Contains the score (on 231 pages) for the oratorio Judas Maccabaeus (HWV 63). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
023XXIII Cäcilien-Ode 1866-10-1616 Oct 1866 The society Ode 112112 Contains the score (on 87 pages) for the ode Ode for St. Cecilia's Day (HWV 76). The score contains an eight-page appendix. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
024XXIV Il Trionfo del Tempo e dell Verità 1866-10-1616 Oct 1866 The society Oratorio 130130 Contains the score (on 120 pages) for the oratorio The Triumph of Time and Truth (HWV 46b). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
025XXV Dettinger Te Deum 1866-11-011 Nov 1866 The society Canticle 118118 Contains the score (on 108 pages) for the canticle Dettingen Te Deum (HWV 283). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
026XXVI Salomo 1867-12-011 Dec 1867 The society Oratorio 334334 Contains the score (on 327 pages) for the oratorio Solomon (HWV 67). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
027XXVII Kammermusik

Sonate da Camera

1879-04-1515 Apr 1879 The society Chamber music 216216 Contains the score (on 200 pages) for the "Opus 1", "Opus 2" and "Opus 5" sets of instrumental sonatas (as well as many other sonatas). The foreword is also written in English. Note that the number of sonatas in parts one, three, and four differ from the number indicated by the title of the section.

Part I: Fifteen Solo sonatas:

(The following are generally considered to be the Opus 1 works—including Chrysander's additions to Walsh's earlier publication. See individual works for more details.)
HWV 379, 359b, 360, 361, 362, 363b, 364a, 365, 366, 367b, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373

Part II: Six Sonatas for two Oboes and Bass:

HWV 380, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385

Part III: Nine Sonatas for two Violins &c and Bass:

(Note that the Opus 2 numbering given below is considered the modern numbering, and not the opus numbers implied by Chrysander—which tend to be out by one.)[16]
HWV 386b (Op.2 No.1), 386a, 387 (Op.2 No.2), 392, 388 (Op.2 No.3), 389 (Op.2 No.4), 390a (Op.2 No.5), 391 (Op.2 No.6), 393, 394

Part IV: Six Sonatas for two Violins &c and Bass:

(The following are considered to be the Opus 5 works Nos. 1–7.)
HWV 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 401, 402
028XXVIII 12 Orgel – Concerte mit Orchester-Begleitung 1868-08-011 Aug 1868 The society Concerto 158158 Contains the score (on 140 pages) of twelve organ concertos (the six organ concertos comprising the "Opus 4" set, and the six organ concertos comprising the "Opus 7" set). The following works appear in the volume:[17]
Opus 4: HWV 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294
Opus 7: HWV 306, 307, 308, 309, 310, 311
029XXIX Debora 1869-03-011 Mar 1869 The society Oratorio 292292 Contains the score (on 243 pages) for the oratorio Deborah (HWV 51). The score contains an eight-page appendix. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
030XXX 12 Grosse Concerte 1869-12-2020 Dec 1869 The society Concerto 185185 Contains the score (on 180 pages) of twelve concerti grossi (the "Opus 6" set). The following works appear in the publication:
Opus 6 (1–12): HWV 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330
031XXXI Utrechter Te Deum und Jubilate 1869-12-011 Dec 1869 The society Canticle 09595 Contains the score (on 87 pages) of the "Utrecht" Te Deum (HWV 278) and the score of the Utrecht" Jubilate (HWV 279). On page 44 is a reproduction of the last page of the Te Deum—in Handel's handwritting.
032XXXII Italienische Duette und Trios 1870-05-011 May 1870 The society Duets and Trios 122122 Contains the score (on 109 pages) of thirteen Italian Duets and two Italian Trios. The 1870 edition of the volume was a subset of the 1880 edition. All text of the works is given in both German and Italian (except for duet XIII which only has the Italian text against the score). The works included in the volume are:[18]
Duets: HWV 194, 198, 184, 180, 199, 178, 191, 196, 185, 197, 188, 183 (spurious), 193
Trios: HWV 201a, 200
032aXXXIIa Italienische Duette und Trios 1880-08-011 Aug 1880 The society Duets and Trios 190190 Contains the score (on 175 pages) of twenty-two Italian Duets and two Italian Trios. The 1880 edition is labelled "XXXIIa" (with the "a" being hand-written on the title page). All text of the works is given in both German and Italian. The 1880 edition of the volume was a superset of the 1870 edition and contains the following:[18]
Duets: HWV 182a, 182b, 183 (spurious), 187, 194, 198, 184, 180, 199, 178, 191, 196, 185, 197, 188, 193, 192, 189, 190, 181, 186, 179
Trios: HWV 201a, 200
033XXXIII Alexander Balus 1870-06-011 Jun 1870 The society Oratorio 233233 Contains the score (on 213 pages) for the oratorio Alexander Balus (HWV 65). Contains the text of the work (also in English).
034XXXIV Psalem – Erster Band 1871-02-011 Feb 1871 The society Anthem (Psalm) 315315 Contains the score (on 288 pages) for nine anthems (based on Psalms). The first (German: erster) of three volumes containing Psalm anthems. Contains the text of the works (also in English). With the exception of anthem VB, all in the volume are considered part of the Chandos Anthems. The volume contains the following works:[19]
Anthem I: HWV 246; anthem II: HWV 247; Anthem III: HWV 248; Anthem IV: HWV 249b;
Anthem VA: HWV 250a; Anthem VB: HWV 250b;
Anthem VIA: HWV 251b; Anthem VIB: HWV 251c; Anthem VIC: HWV 251a
035XXXV Psalem – Zweiter Band 1871-10-1616 Oct 1871 The society Anthem (Psalm) 314314 Contains the score (on 300 pages) for six anthems (based on Psalms). The second (German: zweiter) of three volumes containing Psalm anthems. Contains the text of the works (also in English). The first five anthems in the volume are considered part of the Chandos Anthems. The volume contains the following works:[19]
Anthem VII: HWV 252; Anthem VIII: HWV 253; Anthem IX: HWV 254; Anthem X: HWV 255;
Anthem XIA: HWV 256a; Anthem XIB: HWV 256b
036XXXVI Psalem – Dritter Band 1872-05-011 May 1872 The society Anthem (Psalm) 269269 Contains the score (on 247 pages) for seven anthems (based on Psalms). The third (German: dritter) of three volumes containing Psalm anthems. Contains the text of the works (also in English). The last two anthems in the volume are placed in an appendix. The volume contains the following works:[19]
Anthem XII: HWV 257 (spurious); Anthem XIII (Wedding Anthem.A): HWV 262; Anthem XIV (Wedding Anthem.B): HWV 263;
Dettingen Anthem: HWV 265; Foundling Hospital Anthem XVI: HWV 268;
Anthem IVA: HWV 249a; Anthem VID: HWV 251d
037XXXVII Drei Te Deum 1872-12-2020 Dec 1872 The society Canticle 150150 Contains the score (on 138 pages) of three works: the "Queen Caroline" Te Deum (HWV 280), the "Chandos" Te Deum (HWV 281), and another Te Deum (HWV 282). Contains the text of the works (also in English).
038XXXVIII Lateinische Kirchenmusik 1872-12-2020 Dec 1872 The society Church Music (Latin) 184184 Contains the score (on 172 pages) of seven works of Latin Church Music:
I. PsalmusA (Laudate pueri Dominum): HWV 236; II. PsalmusB (Laudate pueri Dominum): HWV 237; III. Psalmus (Dixit Dominus): HWV 232; IV. Psalmus (Nisi Dominus): HWV 238;
V. Salve Regina (HWV 241); VI. Motetto: HWV 242;
VII. Alleluja Amen (I: HWV 272, II: HWV 273, III: HWV 274, IV: HWV 270, V: HWV 269, VI: HWV 271)
039XXXIX La Resurrezione 1878-04-2020 Apr 1878 The society Oratorio 100100 Contains the score (on 78 pages) of the oratorio La resurrezione (The resurrection) (HWV 47). A very brief foreword is also printed in English. Contains the text of the work (also in Italian).
040XL Esther – Erste Bearbeitung 1882-04-2020 Apr 1882 The society Oratorio 160160 Contains the score (on 139 pages) of the oratorio (masque) Esther (HWV 50a). Chrysander prints that the published version of the work was composed in 1720 (when it was probably 1718). Erste Bearbeitung meaning first revision. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
041XLI Esther – Zweite Bearbeitung 1882-12-1515 Dec 1882 The society Oratorio 203203 Contains the score (on 172 pages) of the oratorio Esther (HWV 50b). Contains an extensive foreword (also in English) about the differences between 50a and 50b (composed in 1732). Zweite Bearbeitung meaning second revision. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
042XLII Joseph 1883-11-1515 Nov 1883 The society Oratorio 286286 Contains the score (on 260 pages) of the oratorio Joseph (HWV 59). Contains the text of the work (also in English). The foreword is also in English. The score includes a one-page appendix.
043XLIII Belegenheits-Oratorium 1884-11-1111 Nov 1884 The society Oratorio 286286 Contains the score (on 267 pages) of the oratorio An Occasional Oratorio (HWV 62). Contains the text of the work (also in English). The foreword is also in English.
044XLIV Jephtha 1886-05-3131 May 1886 The society Oratorio 289289 Contains the score (on 260 pages) of the oratorio Jephtha (HWV 70). Contains the text of the work (also in English). The foreword is also in English.
044aXLIVa Jephtha 1885-02-1515 Feb 1885 The society Oratorio 276276 Contains the score (manuscript facsimile) (on 268 pages) of the oratorio Jephtha (HWV 70). Contains the score in Handel's original handwritting.
045XLV Der Messias 1902-00-001902 Chrysander Oratorio 334334 Contains the score (band 45) (on 317 pages) of the oratorio Messiah (HWV 56). Contains the text of the work (also in English). The foreword is also in English. Published by Max Seiffert after Chrysander's death (in 1901) but based on Chrysander's work.
045aXLVa Messiah 1892-08-011 Aug 1892 Chrysander Oratorio 350350 Contains the score (band 45a) (on 330 pages) of the oratorio Messiah (HWV 56). The foreword is also in English. Contains the score in Handel's original handwritting.
046aXLVIa Ode für den Geburtstag der Königin Anna 1887-08-00Aug 1887 Chrysander Ode 07070 Contains the score (on 54 pages) of the oratorio Ode for the Birthday of Queen Anne (HWV 74). Contains the text of the work (also in English). The foreword is also in English.
046bXLVIb Alceste 1887-11-1111 Nov 1887 Chrysander Masque 100100 Contains the score (on 87 pages) of the masque Alceste (HWV 45). Contains the text of the work (also in English). The foreword is also in English. The work contains a four-page appendix.
047XLVII Wassermusik, Feuerwerksmusik Concerte und Doppelconcerte für grosses Orchester 1886-11-1111 Nov 1886 Chrysander Concerto 291291 Contains the score (on 241 pages) of eight concertos including the various Water Music suites and the Music for the Royal Fireworks. The title of the volume translates as "Water music, fireworks, music concerts, and double concertos for large orchestra". The works contained in the volume are:
Concerto in F major (HWV 342);
Suite in F major: Water – Music (HWV 348, HWV 349, HWV 350). Note: Chrysander published in one suite what is now divided into three;
Concerto A in F major (HWV 335b), and Concerto B in D major (HWV 335a). Note: these two concerti are versions of the overture to the Fireworks suite;
Suite in D major: Firework – Music (HWV 351);
Concerti a due cori I, II, and III (HWV 332, HWV 333, and HWV 334)
048XLVIII Sammlung verschiedener Instrumental-Werke für Orgel und Klavier, Orchester-und Kammer-Musik 1894-09-011 Sep 1894 Chrysander Instrumental 264264 Contains the score (on 247 pages) of a great deal of instrumental music. The title of the volume translates as "Collection of instrumental works for organ and piano, orchestral and chamber music". The works contained in the volume are:

Erste Abtheilung (First Division):

Concerto I (HWV 295); Concerto II (HWV 296a); Concerti III-VI (keyboard reductions of HWV 328, 319, 323, 324); Concerto (HWV 303); Concerto (HWV 304); Concerto (HWV 305);

Zweite Abtheilung (Second Division):

Overture to Oreste (HWV A11); Overture to Alessandro Severo (HWV A13); Overture to Trionfo del Tempo (HWV 336); Sonata for viola da gamba (spurious); Sonata VI (HWV 364a); Sonata XVI (HWV 374); Sonata XVII (HWV 375); Sonata XVIII (HWV 376); Allegro (HWV 340); Minuet (? but one of the ones in the range 532–543); Largo (? HWV 342); March (HWV ?); March (HWV ?); Hornpipe (HWV 356);

Dritte Abtheilung (Third Division):

Suite – allemande and sarabande only (HWV 440); Suite – sarabande only (HWV 439); Suite – prelude only (HWV 437); Sonatina – sonatina only (HWV 475); Suite (HWV 449); Suite a Deux Clavecins (HWV 446); Suite (HWV 571); Suite (HWV 448); Partita (spurious); Sechs kleine Fugen (spurious); Lesson (?spurious); Overture to Pastor Fido (HWV 8); Aria from Radamisto (HWV 12); Aria from Rinaldo (HWV 7); 38 pages of William Babell's keyboard arrangement of the overture and nine arias from Rinaldo.
049XLIX 000 No publication was made.
050L Cantate a voce solo e basso
(Libro Primo)
1887-08-011 Aug 1887 Chrysander Cantata 204204 Contains the score (on 188 pages) of 38 cantatas for solo voice and figured bass (note that cantata 6 is divided into HWV 91a and HWV 91b). The foreword is also in English. The following HWV numbers appear in the publication:[20]
HWV 77, 80, 84, 88, 90, 91a, 91b, 93, 102a, 100, 103, 104, 106, 107, 108, 109a, 109b, 111a, 111b, 112, 114, 115, 116, 120b, 121b, 127a, 127b, 125b, 126c, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132c, 132a, 135b, 136a, 137, 133
051LI Cantate a voce solo e basso
(Libro Secondo)
1887-11-1111 Nov 1887 Chrysander Cantata 186186 Contains the score (on 172 pages) of 35 cantatas for solo voice and figured bass. The foreword is also in English. The following HWV numbers appear in the publication:[20]
HWV 138, 139a, 139b, 139c, 141, 146, 144, 145, 147, 148, 151, 152, 153, 156, 157, 160a, 160b, 160c, 161a, 161b, 158a, 158b, 159, 162, 163, 164a, 167a, 168, 169, 172, 174, 175, 176, 177, 118
052ALIIA Cantate con strumenti
(Libro Primo)
1888-08-2020 Aug 1888 Chrysander Cantata 192192 Contains the score (on 178 pages) of 15 cantatas for voice and instruments. The following HWV numbers appear in the publication:[20]
HWV 78, 81, 83, 119, 166, 89, 87, 124, 92, 97, 98, 99, 105, 110, 113
052BLIIB Cantate con strumenti
(Libro Secondo)
1889-08-1515 Aug 1889 Chrysander Cantata 174174 Contains the score (on 159 pages) of 9 cantatas and 4 fragments for voice and instruments. The foreword is also in English. The following HWV numbers appear in the publication:[20]
HWV: 122, 134, 140, 143, 165, 170, 171, 173, 96,
The publication has an appendix with the following four cantata fragments:
HWV: a fragment with no HWV number (but added to Arresta il passo), 230, 132b, 123
053LIII Aci, Galatea, e Polifemo. Serenata 1892-04-011 Apr 1892 Chrysander Serenade 118118 Contains the score (on 100 pages) for the dramatic cantata (serenade) Aci, Galatea e Polifemo (HWV 72). The foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
054LIV Parnasso in Festa. Serenata 1878-04-2020 Apr 1878 The Society Serenade 146146 Contains the score (on 136 pages) for the serenade Parnasso in Festa (HWV 73). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (also in English).
055LV Almira 1873-08-011 Aug 1873 The Society Opera 132132 Contains the score (on 119 pages) for the opera Almira (HWV 1). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
056LVI Rodrigo 1873-08-011 Aug 1873 The Society Opera 113113 Contains the score (on 96 pages) for the opera Rodrigo (HWV 5). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
057LVII Agrippina 1874-01-011 Jan 1874 The Society Opera 154154 Contains the score (on 139 pages) for the opera Agrippina (HWV 6). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
058LVIII Rinaldo 1874-01-011 Jan 1874 The Society Opera 130130 Contains the score (on 115 pages) for the opera Rinaldo (HWV 7a). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
058aLVIIIa Rinaldo 1894-10-011 Oct 1894 Chrysander Opera 230230 Contains the score (on 214 pages) for the opera Rinaldo (contains both the HWV 7a and HWV 7b versions). The foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
059LIX Il Pastor Fido 1876-08-011 Aug 1876 The Society Opera 08888 Contains the score (on 72 pages) for the opera Il Pastor Fido (HWV 8a). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
060LX Teseo 1874-08-011 Aug 1874 The Society Opera 126126 Contains the score (on 112 pages) for the opera Teseo (HWV 9). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a one-page appendix.
061LXI Silla 1875-01-3030 Jan 1875 The Society Opera 07474 Contains the score (on 59 pages) for the opera Silla (HWV 10). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
062LXII Amadigi 1874-08-011 Aug 1874 The Society Opera 114114 Contains the score (on 100 pages) for the opera Amadigi di Gaula (HWV 11). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
063LXIII Radamisto 1875-01-3030 Jan 1875 The Society Opera 222222 Contains the score (on 207 pages) for the opera Radimisto (HWV 12). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
064LXIV Muzio Scevola 1874-08-011 Aug 1874 The Society Opera 08686 Contains the score (on 72 pages) for the opera Muzio Scevola (HWV 13). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
065LXV Floridante 1876-01-1515 Jan 1876 The Society Opera 152152 Contains the score (on 131 pages) for the opera Floridante (HWV 14). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a seven-page appendix.
066LXVI Ottone 1881-10-1616 Oct 1881 The Society Opera 158158 Contains the score (on 144 pages) for the opera Ottone (HWV 15). Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a twenty-one page appendix.
067LXVII Flavio 1875-08-011 Aug 1875 The Society Opera 09696 Contains the score (on 88 pages) for the opera Flavio (HWV 16). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
068LXVIII Giulio Cesare 1875-08-011 Aug 1875 The Society Opera 164164 Contains the score (on 156 pages) for the opera Giulio Cesare (HWV 17). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
069LXIX Tamerlano 1876-08-011 Aug 1876 The Society Opera 170170 Contains the score (on 156 pages) for the opera Tamerlano (HWV 18). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a twelve page appendix.
070LXX Rodelinda 1876-01-1515 Jan 1876 The Society Opera 138138 Contains the score (on 123 pages) for the opera Rodelinda (HWV 19). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a fifteen page appendix.
071LXXI Scipione 1877-04-011 Apr 1877 The Society Opera 154154 Contains the score (on 135 pages) for the opera Scipione (HWV 20). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a nineteen page appendix.
072LXXII Alessandro 1877-04-011 Apr 1877 The Society Opera 150150 Contains the score (on 136 pages) for the opera Alessandro (HWV 21). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a four-page appendix.
073LXXIII Admeto 1877-10-011 Oct 1877 The Society Opera 142142 Contains the score (on 128 pages) for the opera Admeto (HWV 22). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes an eight-page appendix.
074LXXIV Riccardo Primo 1877-10-011 Oct 1877 The Society Opera 140140 Contains the score (on 127 pages) for the opera Riccardo Primo (HWV 23). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a three-page appendix.
075LXXV Siroe 1878-10-011 Oct 1878 The Society Opera 118118 Contains the score (on 104 pages) for the opera Siroe (HWV 24). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
076LXXVI Tolomeo 1878-10-011 Oct 1878 The Society Opera 110110 Contains the score (on 95 pages) for the opera Tolomeo (HWV 25). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a seven-page appendix.
077LXXVII Lotario 1879-08-011 Aug 1879 The Society Opera 138138 Contains the score (on 124 pages) for the opera Lotario (HWV 26). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
078LXXVIII Partenope 1879-08-011 Aug 1879 The Society Opera 136136 Contains the score (on 126 pages) for the opera Partenope (HWV 27). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
079LXXIX Poro 1880-04-1515 Apr 1880 The Society Opera 132132 Contains the score (on pages) for the opera Poro (HWV 28). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a twenty-two page appendix.
080LXXX Ezio 1880-04-1515 Apr 1880 The Society Opera 130130 Contains the score (on 116 pages) for the opera Ezio (HWV 29). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
081LXXXI Sosarme 1880-08-011 Aug 1880 The Society Opera 126126 Contains the score (on 112 pages) for the opera Sosarme (HWV 30). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
082LXXXII Orlando 1881-04-011 Apr 1881 The Society Opera 127127 Contains the score (on 112 pages) for the opera Orlando (HWV 31). Contains the text of the work (in the score).
083LXXXIII Arianna 1881-04-011 Apr 1881 The Society Opera 130130 Contains the score (on 119 pages) for the opera Arianna (HWV 32). Contains the text of the work (in the score).
084LXXXIV Terpsicore, Prologo, e la secondo versione dell Opera Il Pastor Fido 1890-11-1111 Nov 1890 Chrysander Opera 134134 Contains the score (on 115 pages) for the opera Il pastor fido (HWV 8b and HWV 8c). The foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
085LXXXV Ariodante 1881-10-1616 Oct 1881 The Society Opera 154154 Contains the score (on 143 pages) for the opera Ariodante (HWV 33). Contains the text of the work (in the score).
086LXXXVI Alcina 1868-08-011 Aug 1868 The Society Opera 160160 Contains the score (on 150 pages) for the opera Alcina (HWV 34). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
087LXXXVII Atalanta 1882-04-1515 Apr 1882 The Society Opera 102102 Contains the score (on 92 pages) for the opera Atalanta (HWV 35). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
088LXXXVIII Giustino 1883-04-1515 Apr 1883 The Society Opera 130130 Contains the score (on 119 pages) for the opera Giustino (HWV 37). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
089LXXXIX Arminio 1882-10-1515 Oct 1882 The Society Opera 115115 Contains the score (on 104 pages) for the opera Arminio (HWV 36). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
090XC Berenice 1883-04-1515 Apr 1883 The Society Opera 114114 Contains the score (on 104 pages) for the opera Berenice (HWV 38). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score). The score includes a five-page appendix.
091XCI Faramondo 1884-04-1515 Apr 1884 The Society Opera 138138 Contains the score (on 128 pages) for the opera Faramondo (HWV 39). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
092XCII Serse 1884-04-1515 Apr 1884 The Society Opera 127127 Contains the score (on 123 pages) for the opera Serse (HWV 40). The brief foreword is also in English. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
093XCIII Imeneo 1885-07-088 Jul 1885 The Society Opera 124124 Contains the score (on 112 pages) for the opera Imeneo (HWV 41). Contains the text of the work (in the score).
094XCIV Deidamia 1885-07-088 Jul 1885 The Society Opera 154154 Contains the score (on 144 pages) for the opera Deidamia (HWV 42). Contains the text of the work (in the score).
s1Suppl. 1 Manificat von D. Erba 1888-08-011 Aug 1888 Chrysander Magnificat 07474 Contains the score (on 64 pages) taken from a manuscript inscribed "Magnificat del Rd. Sigr. Erba". Also contains two pages of hand-written manuscript. It is unclear whether the work is by Handel or whether Handel "borrowed" the work.[21]
s2Suppl. 2 Te Deum von Francesco Antonio Urio 1902-02-099 Feb 1902 Chrysander Te Deum 168168 Contains the score (on 160 pages) of a Te Deum by Francesco Antonio Urio. Published by Max Seiffert after Chrysander's death (in 1901) but based on Chrysander's work. Handel made use of parts of the Te Deum in several of his own works (including Israel in Egypt and the Dettingen Te Deum).
s3Suppl. 3 Serenata von Alessandro Stradella 1888-08-1515 Aug 1888 Chrysander Serenata 06464 Contains the score (on 56 pages) of a serenata by Alessandro Stradella. Contains the text of the work (in the score).
s4Suppl. 4 Fünf italienische Duette von Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari 1892-02-2828 Feb 1892 Chrysander Duets 09191 Contains the score (on 84 pages) of five Italian vocal duets with keyboard accompaniment by Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari.
s5Suppl. 5 Componimenti Musicali per il Cembalo von Gottlieb Muffat 1895-10-1616 Oct 1895 Chrysander Keyboard 186186 Contains the score (on 165 pages) of Musical compositions for the harpsichord by Gottlieb Muffat. The volume contains seven main compositions and a two-page work entitled Particolari Segni delle Maniere. The volume contains seven pages of elaborate introduction in landscape format.
s6Suppl. 6 Octavia von Reinhard Keiser 1902-05-3131 May 1902 Chrysander Opera 226226 Contains the score (on 216 pages) of the opera Octavia by Reinhard Keiser. Published by Max Seiffert after Chrysander's death (in 1901) but based on Chrysander's work. Contains the text of the work (in the score).

Unpublished[edit]

The following lists most of the HWV numbers not included in the Händelgesellschaft volumes:

Genre HWV numbers not included in the Händelgesellschaft volumes
Opera 2, 3, 4, A2, A5, A11 and A13 (only the overtures published in volume 48), A14
Incidental music 43, 44, 218
Oratorio 46a
Cantata 79, 82, 85, 86, 94, 95, 102b, 117, 120a, 121a, 125a, 126a, 126b, 127c, 132d, 135a, 136b, 142, 149, 150, 154, 155, 158c, 161c, 164b, 167b, 177
Hymn 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 284, 285, 286
Italian aria 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 227
English song 226, 228 (1 to 24)
German church cantata 229 (1 to 7)
Italian sacred cantata 233, 234
Latin church music 231, 235, 239, 240, 243, 244, 245, 276, 277
Anthem 251e, 266, 267
Concerto 296b, 297, 298, 299, 300, 343
Concerto Grosso 331, 331-1, 331-2
Orchestral 337, 338, 339, 341, 344, 345, 347, 352, 353, 354, 355, 413
Solo sonata 357, 358, 359a, 359b, 363a, 364b, 377, 378, 406, 407, 408, 409, 412, 419 (1 to 6), 420, 421
Trio sonata 390b, 395, 403, 404, 405
Wind ensemble 346, 410, 411, 414, 415, 416, 417, 418, 422, 423, 424
Keyboard 305b, 425, 443, 444, 445, 450, 451, 453, 454, 455, 456 (1 to 5), 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 473, 474, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 482 (1 to 4), 484, 486, 487, 488, 489, 491, 492, 493, 495, 559, 560, 561, 562, 563, 564, 565, 566, 567, 568, 569, 570, 572, 573, 576, 579, 580, 581, 582, 583, 584, 586, 587, 588, 589, 590, 591, 592, 593, 594, 595, 596, 597, 598, 599, 600, 601, 601, 603, 604, 611, 612, A15 (1 to 37)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anthony Hicks (2001). "Handel, George Frideric". In Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians x (2 ed.). London: Macmillan. p. 785. 
  2. ^ Winton Dean, The New Grove Handel. NY: Norton, 1982, p. 116. ISBN 0-393-30086-2.
  3. ^ History of the HHA
  4. ^ gfhandel.org
  5. ^ "Editions of Handel's Music" from gfhandel.org.
  6. ^ Karl Franz Friedrich Chrysander--October 1901 obituary from The Musical Times.
  7. ^ "Editions of Handel's Music," op. cit..
  8. ^ "Handel's Scores," at WBAI'S "Here Of A Sunday Morning" website.
  9. ^ "Editions of Handel's Music," op. cit..
  10. ^ Dean, op. cit., p. 117.
  11. ^ "Handel's Scores," op. cit..,
  12. ^ Dean, op. cit..
  13. ^ Dean, op. cit., pp. 117 and p. 153 (work list reference to Handel trio sonata).
  14. ^ "George Frederick Handel" entry in Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition at 1911encyclopedia.org (LoveToKnow Classic Encyclopedia).
  15. ^ a b c d Anthony Hicks (2001). "Handel, George Frideric". In Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians x (2 ed.). London: Macmillan. pp. 803–807. 
  16. ^ Anthony Hicks (2001). "Handel, George Frideric". In Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians x (2 ed.). London: Macmillan. p. 801. 
  17. ^ Anthony Hicks (2001). "Handel, George Frideric". In Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians x (2 ed.). London: Macmillan. pp. 879–798. 
  18. ^ a b Anthony Hicks (2001). "Handel, George Frideric". In Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians x (2 ed.). London: Macmillan. pp. 793–794. 
  19. ^ a b c Anthony Hicks (2001). "Handel, George Frideric". In Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians x (2 ed.). London: Macmillan. pp. 786–788. 
  20. ^ a b c d Anthony Hicks (2001). "Handel, George Frideric". In Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians x (2 ed.). London: Macmillan. pp. 788–792. 
  21. ^ The Life of Handel, Appendix W. The "Magnificat" in "Israel"

External links[edit]