HMS Orford (1698)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Orford.
Career (Great Britain) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Orford
Ordered: 24 December 1695
Builder: Edward Snelgrove, Deptford
Launched: 27 April 1698
Fate: Wrecked, 13 February 1745
General characteristics as built[1]
Class & type: 70-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1051 bm
Length: 150 ft 5 in (45.8 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 40 ft 6 in (12.3 m)
Depth of hold: 17 ft 1 in (5.2 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament: 70 guns as set out in the article
General characteristics after 1713 rebuild[2]
Class & type: 1706 Establishment 70-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,098 long tons (1,115.6 t)
Length: 150 ft (45.7 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 41 ft (12.5 m)
Depth of hold: 17 ft 4 in (5.3 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament:

70 guns:

  • Gundeck: 26 × 24 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 12 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 14 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 4 × 6 pdrs
General characteristics after 1727 rebuild
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship

HMS Orford was a 70-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched at Deptford in 1698.[1] She carried twenty-two 24-pounder guns and four (18-pounder) culverins on the lower deck; twenty-six 12-pounder guns on the upper deck; fourteen (5-pounder) sakers on the quarter-deck and forecastle; and four 3-pounder guns on the poop or roundhouse.

In 1704, during the War of the Spanish Succession, Orford served in Admiral Sir George Rooke's fleet in the Mediterranean; she was present as a member of the naval bombardment force at the Capture of Gibraltar. Shortly thereafter, at the Battle of Malaga, commanded by Captain John Norris, Orford was a member of the vanguard division of Rooke's fleet under Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell and Vice-Admiral John Leake; all these officers but the latter, who himself became First Lord of the Admiralty in 1710, were future admirals of the fleet.

In 1707, she belonged to Admiral Shovell's fleet. She saw action during the unsuccessful Battle of Toulon and was present during the great naval disaster off the Isles of Scilly when Shovell and four of his ships (Association, Firebrand, Romney and Eagle) were lost, claiming the lives of nearly 2,000[3] sailors. Orford suffered little to no damage and finally managed to reach Portsmouth.

She was rebuilt for the first time according to the 1706 Establishment at Limehouse, relaunching on 17 March 1713. She underwent a second rebuild in 1727.[2]

In 1718 she was present at the Battle of Cape Passaro, and in 1736 she brought John Harrison and his first marine clock back from Lisbon.

Orford was wrecked on 13 February 1745 in the Windward Passage, though all her crew were saved.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p163.
  2. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p168.
  3. ^ Sobel, Dava, Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time, Fourth Estate Ltd., London 1998, p. 6, ISBN 1-85702-571-7
  4. ^ Ships of the Old Navy, Orford.

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Michael Phillips. Orford (70) (1698). Michael Phillips' Ships of the Old Navy. Retrieved 30 January 2008.