Hadfield, Derbyshire

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Hadfield
Station Road, Hadfield, Derbyshire, UK.jpg
Station Road - The main street in Hadfield
Hadfield is located in Derbyshire
Hadfield
Hadfield
 Hadfield shown within Derbyshire
OS grid reference SK021963
District High Peak
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GLOSSOP
Postcode district SK13
Dialling code 01457
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament High Peak
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Coordinates: 53°28′N 1°58′W / 53.46°N 1.97°W / 53.46; -1.97

Hadfield is a town and civil parish in the High Peak borough of Derbyshire, England. It lies on the south side of the River Etherow, which forms the border between Derbyshire and Greater Manchester. Hadfield lies on the western edge of the Peak District, and is close to Glossop, from which several local amenities and services are served.

Geography[edit]

Hadfield lies between Bottoms Reservoir and the Glossop Brook, on the southern side of the River Etherow valley, which is known as Longdendale. The parish lies between 120 m and 210 m above sea level. Hadfield is 12.5 miles (20.1 km) from Manchester.

History[edit]

Hadfield was part of the Manor of Glossop, and at the time of the Domesday survey belonged to William the Conqueror.[1] King Henry I granted the land to William Peveril. In 1157 King Henry II gave it to the Abbey of Basingwerk. In 1537 King Henry VIII gave it to the Earl of Shrewsbury from whom it came to the Howard family (Dukes of Norfolk). While the Howards were responsible in the 1810s for the development of Glossop, it was the Sidebottom family who developed Hadfield. They bought the Waterside and Bridge Mill complex from John Turner and John Thornley in 1820.

For three generations they developed these mills, as a large spinning and weaving combine. They built their own branch railway to the mill, and in 1880 ran 293,000 spindles and 4800 looms. In 1896 the Sidebottoms went into liquidation. Bridge Mill was destroyed by fire in 1899, but Waterside Mill was bought by John Gartside and Co, of Ashton-under-Lyne. Gartside's re-equipped the mills with automatic looms from the United States and installed new engines and electric lighting.[2]

During the First World War (1914–18), the mill was taken over by the Greenfield mill company, but parts of the mill were used to produce munitions. After the war, the company declined. In 1940 the mill was occupied by Maconochie's Foodstuffs Ltd, which had been bombed out of its previous premises in London. By 1954, about half of the original building had been demolished, and more was to go. In 1976 the site was redeveloped and renamed as the Hadfield Trading Estate.[3]

Station Mill was built in 1834 by Thomas and Edward Platt, members of a family who had farmed Longdendale for generations. The family owned this cotton mill for 68 years, before selling it in 1923 to E. Wilman & Sons, which converted it to silk noil spinning. The mill closed in 1989.

Hadfield Mills was a corn mill from before 1819. In 1874 Thomas Rhodes and Sons converted the mill to the manufacture of cotton. There were 1000 workers there in 1873 but it closed in 1932. In 1940 it was reopened by Hadfield Worsted Mills Ltd for cloth manufacture.[3]

Governance[edit]

Hadfield is administered by High Peak Borough Council at the Town/District/Borough level of Government, and by Derbyshire County Council at County level.

Representation on Derbyshire County Council

Division Holder
Etherow Cllr Dave Wilcox
[4]

Representation on High Peak Borough Council

Ward Holder
Hadfield North Cllr MANN, Victoria Elizabeth
Hadfield South Cllr SIDDALL, Edward
Hadfield South Cllr MCKEOWN, Robert Joseph
[5]

Hadfield does not have a parish council.

The Member of Parliament for the High Peak constituency since 2010 has been Andrew Bingham MP, representing the Conservative Party. His majority in the 2010 general election was 4,677 over the Labour candidate Caitlin Bisknell. Before the election the seat had been held by Tom Levitt for Labour.

Constituency Holder
High Peak Andrew Bingham

Transport[edit]

Hadfield Mills, Padfield

The village is served by Hadfield railway station and Dinting on the electrified line. Hadfield is the terminus, all trains run through Dinting to Glossop and back through Dinting to Manchester Piccadilly. The railway, known as the Woodhead Line, used to run through to Penistone and Sheffield via the Woodhead Tunnel but passenger services were withdrawn in 1970. Freight trains ran until 1981 when Hadfield became the terminus. The trackbed to the east has been adopted as part of the Longdendale Trail footpath. The A57, which links Manchester to Sheffield via the Snake Pass, passes to the south of Hadfield, from Woolley Bridge to Dinting Vale. The A628 road, from Manchester to Barnsley and Sheffield over the Woodhead Pass, runs on the other side of the River Etherow through Hollingworth and Tintwistle. It is this road that the proposed Mottram–Tintwistle Bypass is to relieve.

Hadfield is within close proximity of the Greater Manchester county boundary, and some services are provided with this in mind. Though lying within Derbyshire and the East Midlands, some of Hadfield's transport facilities are managed by the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive, whilst Tameside and Glossop Acute Services, based in Tameside, Greater Manchester, is the NHS Trust which operates in the area.

Media[edit]

The television series The League of Gentlemen was filmed in Hadfield, which doubled as the fictional town of Royston Vasey. In the film spin-off from the original series, The League of Gentlemen's Apocalypse, Hadfield appears as itself when the characters from the TV series enter into the real world through a portal below the church (actually in Ireland).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7
  2. ^ Perkins, Helen. Old Ordnance Survey Maps Hadfield and Tintwistle 1907. Gateshead NE11 9BD: Alan Godfrey Maps. ISBN 0-85054-647-8. 
  3. ^ a b Quayle, Tom (2006). The Cotton Industry in Longdendale and Glossopdale. Stroud,Gloucestershire: Tempus. pp. 96–108. ISBN 0-7524-3883-2. 
  4. ^ Derbyshire councillors.
  5. ^ High Peak councillors.