Hyde, Greater Manchester

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Coordinates: 53°26′51″N 2°04′55″W / 53.4474°N 2.0820°W / 53.4474; -2.0820

Hyde
Hyde from Werneth Low.jpg
Hyde from Werneth Low
Hyde is located in Greater Manchester
Hyde
Hyde
 Hyde shown within Greater Manchester
Population 31,253 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SJ945945
Metropolitan borough Tameside
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HYDE
Postcode district SK14
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Stalybridge and Hyde
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Hyde is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, Greater Manchester, England.[1] At the 2001 census, the town had a population of 31,253.[2] Historically in Cheshire, it is 5 miles (8.0 km) northeast of Stockport, 6.3 miles (10.1 km) west of Glossop and 7.0 miles (11.3 km) east of Manchester.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Newton Hall was present in the 13th century. The area formed a township of the parish of Stockport, St Mary.[3] Its name is derived from the Hide, a measure of land for taxation purposes, taken to be that area of land necessary to support a peasant family.[4] In later times it was taken to be equivalent to 120 acres (0.5 km²).[4] In the late 18th century the area that was to become the town centre was no more than a cluster houses known as Red Pump Street. Gee Cross was much larger and 'Hyde' was still only used to refer to the estates of Hyde Hall on the banks of the River Tame. Altogether there were only 3,500 inhabitants in the district in 1801. The town is largely a creation of the 19th century and the Industrial Revolution.

Industrial Revolution[edit]

Lancashire boiler built by Tinker, Shenton & Co, Hyde installed at Queen Street Mill Textile Museum, Burnley

The population of Hyde increased due to the success of the cotton mills during the Industrial Revolution of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, at one stage there were 40 working mills. By 1872 only 27 remained, half of the remaining mills closed between 1921 and 1939 and there is only one working mill in the town today. There were many mill owning families, including the Sidebotham, Hibbert and Horsfield families. The main employers in the mills were the Ashton family who successfully ran a combined spinning and weaving company. Most mills concentrated on one process only. The Ashton family built Hyde Chapel on Stockport Road, Gee Cross. The Ashton Brothers' Mill has recently been demolished to make way for a housing estate.

St George's Church was built in 1832 as a chapel of ease to St Mary's, Stockport. It was built at the instigation of John Hyde Clarke of Hyde Hall and was the first Church of England place of worship in the town. St George's became the parish church of part of Hyde township in 1842. Later additions include the lychgate, boathouse by the canal, hearse house, parish rooms and numerous vicarages. The church has a 110-foot (34 m) tower housing eight bells and a clock.

The Peak Forest Canal was constructed through Hyde from Ashton-under-Lyne to Woodley, Romiley and Marple. Captain Clarke's Bridge, originally named Wood End Canal Bridge is situated at the end of Woodend Lane. The bridge was erected before Captain Clarke rose to prominence and therefore probably became known as Captain Clarke's Bridge after he retired and resided there.

There was also a coal mine, known as Hyde Colliery, in the town and in January 1889 an explosion there killed 23 miners.[5] There was an enquiry held the following month at the town hall.[6] See http://www.cotswan.com/edward_jackson.htm for an account of part of the enquiry. The following month Ardwick AFC, modern day Manchester City, played Newton Heath, modern day Manchester United, under floodlights at Belle Vue to raise money for the victims' families. The game was watched by 10,000 people and this was the first floodlit match played by either side.[7]

20th century[edit]

During the 1960s, Myra Hindley and Ian Brady were arrested in their home on the Hattersley estate in Hyde after police found the body of 17-year-old Edward Evans in the house. At their trial they were found guilty of murdering Evans as well as two other children whose bodies were found buried on Saddleworth Moor several miles away. One of these victims had been killed at Brady and Hindley's house on Wardle Brook Avenue. They later confessed to killing two more children. The house on Wardle Brook Avenue was demolished so that it could never become a sightseeing objective.

Hyde Town Hall in 1965, was the place where moors killers Myra Hindley and Ian Brady had their hearing, the hall then had a magistrates' court, a police station, underground prison cells and a police mortuary in the courtyard. Police were to spend many, many hours grilling the pair in the interview rooms on the first floor of the police station.

Britain's most prolific serial killer, Dr Harold Shipman, had his doctor's surgery in the town where he murdered most of his several hundred victims - the first known victim being 86-year-old Sarah Hannah Marsland of Ashton House in Victoria Street on 7 August 1978, the last being Kathleen Grundy of Joel Lane on 24 June 1998.[8] Shipman was originally from Nottingham and had lived in West Yorkshire before moving to Hyde, while Hindley was originally from the Gorton area of Manchester.[9]

In fiction, Hyde is referenced in the BBC drama Life on Mars. In the programme, the character Sam Tyler was said to have transferred from C Division Hyde, to the City Centre, A Division CID. The choice of Hyde is given as a clue that his 1973 self is an alter ego, as in Robert Louis Stevenson's Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.[10]

The dance scene from the film Yanks (1979), which starred Richard Gere, was filmed in Hyde Town Hall.

Governance[edit]

Hyde Town Hall

Civic history[edit]

Hyde was incorporated as a municipal borough of Cheshire in 1881, which covered the parishes of Hyde, Godley and Newton, along with part of Compstall.[11] In 1936 the borough was extended by the annexation of the civil parish of Hattersley and part of the civil parish of Matley from Tintwistle Rural District. The whole of the municipal borough became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, Greater Manchester in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972.

Hyde Town Hall dominates the market place area. The large bell in the clocktower is known as Owd Joss (Old Josh), named after Joshua Bradley, a former poor child worker in the mills who later became mayor of Hyde. The clock chimes the Westminster Quarters.

Parliamentary representation[edit]

Stalybridge and Hyde as shown within Greater Manchester

As a county palatine Cheshire was unrepresented in Parliament until the Chester and Cheshire (Constituencies) Act 1542. From 1545 Cheshire was represented by two Knights of the Shire. On the passage of the Great Reform Act of 1832, the area of Hyde was included in the North Cheshire constituency. Between the passing of the Second Reform Act of 1867 and the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the town was part of the East Cheshire constituency. Between 1885 and 1918 the town was part of the Hyde county constituency. Since the 1918 general election, the town has been represented in Parliament by the member for the Stalybridge and Hyde county constituency. The current Member of Parliament is Rt Hon. Jonathan Reynolds.

Geography[edit]

Hyde Cenotaph on Werneth Low

Werneth Low Country Park is the location of the Hyde War Memorial. The memorial is owned by a trust which raised funds from Hyde residents after the Great War to create a permanent memorial to those Hyde residents who died in that conflict. The memorial contains 710 names.

Hyde is separated from Denton by the River Tame, a tributary of the River Mersey. There are several areas and suburbs in Hyde, these include, Gee Cross, Newton, Hattersley, Godley, Flowery Field, Kingston, Mottram in Longdendale, Hollingworth and Broadbottom.

Transport[edit]

Hyde is served by six railway stations, Hyde Central and Hyde North stations are on the Manchester Piccadilly - Romiley - Rose Hill 'Hyde Loop' line. Flowery Field, Newton (for Hyde), Godley and Hattersley stations are on the electrified Piccadilly - Glossop - Hadfield line.

Hyde is served by the M67 motorway, a feeder to the M60, the orbital motorway for Manchester, which is connected to many other motorways that serve across the country.

Hyde also has Hyde bus station, with services into Manchester and other surrounding areas, including Stockport, Ashton-under-Lyne and Oldham. The station was originally built with an open 'bus shelter design' like many bus stations, but was rebuilt as a much larger central terminus style building, enclosed from the outside. It opened on 23 August 2007 and cost £3.7M to build. The initiative was intended to encourage people to use public transport.[12]

Sport[edit]

Ewen Fields the home of Hyde F.C.

The Hyde Seals water polo team had considerable success. From 1904 to 1914 they were regarded as the finest in the world, winning the world championship in 1904, 1905 and 1906. Dr Ron Hill, a former European gold-medallist marathon runner is from Hyde.[13]

The town's football team is Hyde F.C.. Hyde F.C. was founded in 1885 and reformed as Hyde United in 1919, and in 2010 it reformed its name back to Hyde F.C. The club play its home games at Ewen Fields. The ground has been used by Manchester City and later Manchester United for their reserve team fixtures, but in 2010 Manchester City Reserves moved back in.

They were recently promoted to the Conference North after winning the Northern Premier League First Division and Premier Division in successive seasons. The largest defeat in English professional football history, a 26-0 loss against Preston North End in an 1887 FA Cup match, is often attributed to Hyde United, but this match was actually played by Hyde United's predecessors Hyde F.C..[14] Hyde F.C. were founded in 1885 at a meeting attended by about forty men in the White Lion public house. Footballers Warren Bradley[15] and Lee Martin[16] were born in the town.

Hyde Cricket and Squash Club play in the Cheshire County League and have their ground near Werneth Low. Flowery Field Cricket Club are part of the Lancashire County League. Len Hopwood was born in Newton.[17]

World champion boxer Ricky Hatton was brought up on the Hattersley Estate and now lives in Gee Cross. His association with the town is solidified by the creation of a boxing gym and health club which will form the headquarters of Hatton Promotions.[18]

Education[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

Below is a list of all the primary schools in the Hyde area:

Secondary schools[edit]

There are two high schools in Hyde. Alder Community High School is in the Gee Cross area of Hyde and was opened in 2003, the school offers a full range of curriculum opportunities and has a lot of additional support for students who may need the extra help, Also in 2006 Alder Community High School was designated as a specialist Maths and Computing College. Also Ricky Hatton attended this school when it was called Hattersley High Alder Community High School Website. [www.hydecommunitycollege.org.uk/ Hyde Community College] is in the centre of Hyde and has over 500 computers, including 40 iMacs,20 iPads and multiple iPods available to be used for the school curriculum, it also ensures that every student leaves with a recognised qualification in ICT. It also has a recently upgraded Design and Technology department, with 3 laser cutters and a 3D printer.

Further education[edit]

Tameside College has a base in Ashton-under-Lyne where school leavers can pursue vocational courses such as engineering, catering and travel & tourism. The qualifications offered are BTEC introductory, first and national qualifications, NVQs, Technical awards and certificates. However the college also offers a wide range of A Level courses for school leavers at Hyde Clarendon Sixth Form College and operates a Local Learning Centre for adult learners in Hyde town centre, offering courses the same as school leavers also including, higher education courses, European languages, health & safety, management & professional, sign language and teacher education & teaching assistant. Other colleges near to Hyde are, All Saints Catholic College and Ashton Sixth Form College.

Leisure[edit]

Hyde has a recently refurbished leisure centre which contains a large swimming pool with a wave machine, the new 'Red Ripster' aqua slide and an upstairs fitness suite. The pool also has a new changing village and a new cafe and air conditioned eating area. The octagon shaped structure which has been open since the '90s, is situated next to the neighbouring Hyde United F.C. ground. Hyde also has its own Air Cadet Organisation (ACO), Part of a UK-wide cadet force with more than 40,000 members aged 13–20 and are sponsored by the Royal Air Force. The works of No 468 (Hyde & Hattersley) Squadron can be viewed at 468 Air Cadets Squadron. Also Hyde Library has a gallery called the 'Rutherford Gallery', which is exhibiting the work of Harry Rutherford, an artist who was from the Tameside area.

Notable people[edit]

The following individuals were born in Hyde or lived in the town for a period:

Musicians[edit]

Broadcasters[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - G to H. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  2. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS01 Usual resident population Page white excel.png. Retrieved 29 October 2008. 
  3. ^ http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/chs/hyde.html
  4. ^ a b Meaning of the early use of the word "Hide". sizes.com website. Retrieval date: 25 August 2007.
  5. ^ James & Mellor (1989), p. 8.
  6. ^ The Times 8th, 9th and 16th February 1889.
  7. ^ Cawley & James (1991), p. 320.
  8. ^ "'Move Shipman's surgery'". BBC News. 24 February 2000. 
  9. ^ "Shipman's 215 victims". BBC News. 13 January 2004. 
  10. ^ Life on Mars: The Complete Series One – DVD commentary
  11. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "Hyde MB through time. Census tables with data for the Local Government District". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. 
  12. ^ "State-of-the-Art Bus Station Opens its Doors to Hyde". Tameside.gov.uk. 23 August 2007.  Retrieved on 22 August 2008.
  13. ^ "Ron runs race of his life for wife". Tameside Advertiser. 30 March 2005.  Retrieved on 22 August 2008.
  14. ^ James (2008), pp. 39–44.
  15. ^ "Warren Bradley Obituary". London: The Independent. 9 June 2007. Retrieved 6 July 2009. "Warren Bradley, footballer, teacher and headmaster: born Hyde, Cheshire 20 June 1933" 
  16. ^ Dykes (1994), p. 259.
  17. ^ "Discover Tameside's Heritage". The Citizen Newspaper. Tameside Council. Retrieved 6 July 2009. "He was born in Newton in 1903 and made his name with the powerful Lancashire side of the inter-war years but also played for Hyde, Stalybridge, Flowery Field and Denton St Lawrence" 
  18. ^ Lewis, Ron (22 November 2008). "Ricky Hatton ready for career relaunch". The Times (London). 
  19. ^ "Tribute to artist who portrayed bleak times". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). 23 November 2001. Retrieved 6 July 2009. "TRIBUTES poured in today for Trevor Grimshaw, the Hyde artist who has died following a fire at his home" 
  20. ^ "Stuart says new school is a knockout". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). 11 September 2001. "He told them stories about when he was at Leigh Primary School" 
Bibliography
  • Cawley, Steve; James, Gary (1991). The Pride Of Manchester. Leicester: ACL & Polar. ISBN 0-9514862-1-7. 
  • Dykes, Garth (1994). The United Alphabet. Leicester: ACL & Polar. ISBN 0-9514862-6-8. 
  • James, Gary; Mellor, Keith (1989). From Maine Men To Banana Citizens. Nottingham: Temple Press. ISBN 1-870010-08-6. 
  • James, Gary (1993). Football With A Smile: The Authorised Biography of Joe Mercer, OBE. Leicester: ACL & Polar. ISBN 0-9514862-9-2. 
  • James, Gary (2008). Manchester A Football History. Halifax: James Ward. ISBN 978-0-9558127-0-5. 

External links[edit]