Heanor

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Coordinates: 53°00′53″N 1°21′18″W / 53.0148°N 1.355°W / 53.0148; -1.355

Heanor
Heanor 016154 f6154fd4.jpg
Heanor Town Hall (left), with St Lawrence's Church (right)
Heanor is located in Derbyshire
Heanor
Heanor
 Heanor shown within Derbyshire
Population 17,251 
OS grid reference SK433465
Civil parish Heanor and Loscoe
District Amber Valley
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HEANOR
Postcode district DE75
Dialling code 01773
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Amber Valley
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Heanor[pronunciation?] is a town and civil (administrative) parish of the town of Heanor and Loscoe in the Amber Valley district of Derbyshire in the East Midlands of England. It is 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Derby. According to the census of 2011 the town's population was 22,620.[1]

History[edit]

Heanor was mentioned in the Domesday Book with the following entry:

6M In CODNOR and Heanor and Langley [in Heanor] and 'Smithycote' [in Codnor Park] 8 thegns had 7 carucates of land to the geld [before 1066]. [There is] land for as many ploughs. There are now 3 ploughs in demesne; and 11 villans and 2 bordars and 3 sokemen [heads of household who were freemen] having 5 ½ ploughs. There is a church, and 1 mill [rendering]12d , and 35 acres (140,000 m2) of meadow, [and] woodland pasture 2 leagues long and 3 furlongs broad. TRE[2] worth 4l ; now 41s 4d [2.2 pounds per year]. Warner holds it.[3]

Governance[edit]

Since 1984 Heanor has had three tiers of local government: parish (who provide certain open spaces, halls and sports provisions), district and county.

Civic history to 1974[edit]

The parish of Heanor formed a local board in about 1850 to provide services in the town. In 1895, under the Local Government Act 1894 the board's area became an urban district. In 1899 Heanor Urban District was enlarged with the addition of the neighbouring parish of Codnor and Loscoe.[4][5] The urban district continued in existence until 1974, when it was merged into the new non-metropolitan district of Amber Valley under the Local Government Act 1972.[6]

Civil parish[edit]

The area while Heanor Urban District existed was an unparished area.[6] In 1984 three new civil parishes were created:[7]

  • Aldercar and Langley Mill. In 2011 the parish had a population of 5,405 compared with 4,863 ten years before.[8]
  • Codnor. In 2011 the parish had a population of 3,766 compared with 3,836 ten years before.[8]
  • Heanor and Loscoe. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 17,251 compared with 16,040 ten years before.[8]

In 1987 the parish council resolved to designate the parish a Town[n 1]. Accordingly Heanor and Loscoe is governed by a town council, headed by a town mayor.[citation needed]

Amber Valley Borough[edit]

The town of Heanor is divided between three wards and elects six councillors. As of 2014 the political representation is as follows: [9]

  • Heanor East: 2 councillors: 1 Labour Party 1 vacant seat following resignation of Labour councillor
  • Heanor West: 2 councillors: 1 (Labour) 1 vacant seat following death of Labour councillor
  • Heanor and Loscoe: 2 councillors (Lab)

County council[edit]

Derbyshire County Council consists of 64 county councillors each elected for a single-member electoral district. Heanor falls into two electoral districts, Greater Heanor and Heanor Central. Following the elections of 2013, the two districts are represented by members of the Labour Party.[10]

Economy[edit]

Coal mining and textiles used to be the major industries of the town, but both of these declined as a major force in the second half of the 20th century.

The Matthew Walker factory, famous for the production of Christmas puddings and situated on Heanor Gate Industrial Park, was sold in 1992 to become part of the Northern Foods Group. Other companies on the park include Advanced Composites Group, Cullum Detuners Ltd and Isolated Systems Ltd. In 2011 the 2 Sisters Food Group purchased Northern Foods. The Matthew Walker factory is now a part of the 2 Sisters Chilled Division.

Heanor merges into Langley Mill and is served by Langley Mill railway station.

Education[edit]

Heanor Grammar School, which was just to the east of the market place, is now part of Derby College (formerly South East Derbyshire College). A book on the history of the school was published in 2008.[11] The largest school presently in the area is the Heanor Gate Science College, in the neighbouring parish of Smalley, opened in 1964.[citation needed]

Sport and leisure[edit]

Shipley Country Park borders the south and west of the town. This steep wooded knoll with its own riding school and three lakes surrounding it consists of most of the former estate of the Miller-Mundy family who lived at Shipley Hall (demolished in the 1940s) until the 1920s. It was sold for coal mining purposes and was intensively opencast and deep seam mined by what became the National Coal Board before being restored and handed over to the county council in the 1970s.

Heanor Clarion Cycling Club was founded in 1934.[12]

The local football team is known as 'The Lions' – Heanor Town Football Club. Established in 1883, the club is a member of the Northern Counties East League Premier Division. It also has a youth team called Heanor Juniors. Famous ex-players include Nigel Clough, who went on to play for Nottingham Forest}, Liverpool and Manchester City. He is now the manager of Derby County;[13] and Nigel Pearson, who after leaving Heanor captained Sheffield Wednesday to a League Cup win over Manchester United at Wembley, is now the manager at Leicester City.

The Lions share grounds with Heanor Town Cricket Club.

Transport[edit]

The nearest station is at Langley Mill two miles away, which has services to Nottingham, Sheffield and beyond. Formerly the Midland Railway had a line between Shipley Gate and Butterley that passed through Heanor (closed to passengers in 1926), and the Great Northern Railway had a branch line which terminated in a goods yard and small station in Heanor (closed in 1928, though temporarily revived in 1939).

Bus routes link Heanor with larger towns in the area such as Nottingham, Derby and Mansfield. Major bus operators serving Heanor include Trent Barton, Yourbus and Midland General.

Media[edit]

The local newspaper which serves, amongst others, the communities of Ripley, Heanor, Marlpool, Loscoe, Waingroves, Aldercar, Crosshill and Codnor is the 'Ripley and Heanor News'. However, its circulation area is not limited to these towns and villages and could be considered to extend from Whatstandwell in the west, to Brinsley in the east; from South Normanton in the north, to Coxbench in the south. It is published each Thursday.[citation needed]

Notable residents[edit]

The Market Place

[citation needed]

St Lawrence's Church
  • Douglas Keen (27 October 1913 – 6 November 2008), designer of Ladybird books, lived in Heanor and created the first Ladybird book in the kitchen of a house in Heanor.[20][21]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Under section 245 of the 1972 Act
References
  1. ^ "KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 May 2010. 
  2. ^ TRE in Latin is Tempore Regis Edwardi. This means in the time of King Edward before the Battle of Hastings.
  3. ^ Domesday Map Retrieved 2013-07-16
  4. ^ "Heanor". Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire. Historical Directories. 1912. p. 296. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  5. ^ Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 77. ISBN 0-86193-127-0. 
  6. ^ a b Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. p. 40. ISBN 0-11-750847-0. 
  7. ^ "Parish councils". Amber Valley Borough Council. 30 March 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c 2011 Census Retrieved 2013-07-16
  9. ^ Borough Councillor Lookup "Borough councillors". AMber Valley Borough Council. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  10. ^ "Councillors". Derbyshire County Council. Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  11. ^ Follow the Master. Heanorhistory.org.uk. Retrieved on 5 May 2013.
  12. ^ Heanor Clarion Cycling Club Retrieved June 2007
  13. ^ Clough takes over as Derby boss, BBC Sport, 6 January 2009.
  14. ^ Goldman, Samuel (September 2004). "Clarke, Sir Richard William Barnes (1910–1975)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30938. Retrieved 4 June 2010. 
  15. ^ GRAVE LOCATION FOR HOLDERS OF THE VICTORIA CROSS IN THE COUNTY OF : DERBYSHIRE. Victoriacross.org.uk. Retrieved on 5 May 2013.
  16. ^ William Howitt. The Notable Names Database (NNDB).
  17. ^ British History academic site accessed 7 October 2007
  18. ^ Carpenter, Kenneth J (September 2004). "Smith, Edward (1819–1874)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/25794. Retrieved 4 June 2010. 
  19. ^ Brighton, Trevor (September 2004). "Watson, Samuel (bap. 1662, d. 1715)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28864. Retrieved 4 June 2010. 
  20. ^ Connolly, Cressida (29 November 2008) Obituary: Douglas Keen, The Guardian.
  21. ^ Hawley, Zena (14 January 2013) How Douglas's little Ladybird books had a big impact on our education. This is Derbyshire. Retrieved on 5 May 2013.

External links[edit]