Heemskerk

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For other uses, see Heemskerk (disambiguation).
Heemskerk
Municipality
Assumburg castle in Heemskerk
Assumburg castle in Heemskerk
Flag of Heemskerk
Flag
Coat of arms of Heemskerk
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Heemskerk in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°31′N 4°40′E / 52.517°N 4.667°E / 52.517; 4.667Coordinates: 52°31′N 4°40′E / 52.517°N 4.667°E / 52.517; 4.667
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Mieke Baltus (CDA)
Area[2]
 • Total 31.67 km2 (12.23 sq mi)
 • Land 27.26 km2 (10.53 sq mi)
 • Water 4.41 km2 (1.70 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 2 m (7 ft)
Population (January 2014)[4]
 • Total 39,092
 • Density 1,434/km2 (3,710/sq mi)
Demonym Heemskerker
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 1960–1969
Area code 0251
Website www.heemskerk.nl

Heemskerk (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. It is located in the Kennemerland region.

Local government[edit]

The municipal council of Heemskerk consists of 25 seats, which are divided as follows:

  • PvdA - 5 seats
  • CDA - 5 seats
  • VVD - 5 seats
  • GroenLinks - 3 seats
  • D66 - 3 seats
  • Liberaal Heemskerk - 3 seats
  • Lijst 7 (Wouters) - 1 seat

The negotiations are finished and the PvdA, CDA and VVD wil govern together

History[edit]

It is not certain where the name of Heemskerk comes from. The town was already known during the Middle Ages. In an official deed from the year of 1063, the town was known as Hemezen Kyrica, Latinized Frisian meaning Church of Hemezen, a Frisian nun who lived in a religious house there. Heemskerk knows many historical monuments, among them the Huldtoneel (lit. the "Inaugurate Stage"), an artificial hill located near the current Rijksstraatweg, where once the Counts of Holland where inaugurated. According to tradition, the Huldtoneel was used before the Roman Era as a Germanic sanctuary. In the nineteenth century Jonkheer Gevers finally made the Huldtoneel a monument - as it is known today - and ordered passers-by to honour the monument.

Many battles have been fought in Heemskerk. Two castles - Castle Oud Haerlem and Castle Heemskerk - were built in the twelfth and thirteenth century respectively to protect the County of Holland against the West Frisians. In the fifteenth century the residents of Heemskerk fought each other during the Hook and Cod wars, in which both castles were destroyed. The Oud Haerlem castle was never rebuilt, Castle Heemskerk however was. In 1492 a rebellion by the people of Kennemerland was brutally beaten down by the Austrian conquerors, on the place where today the cemetery of the Hervormde Kerk (Reformed Church) is located.

Castle Heemskerk circa 1630.

In 1610 the Castle Heemskerk was renamed to Castle Marquette and was at first the residence for many nobles and later inhabited by patricians. The last noble family that lived there were the House of Gevers. Today Castle Marquette is owned by the Spanish hotelgroup NH Hoteles and is the site of many weddings, conferences, and company courses, while the estate grounds are favoured for wedding photos.

Located on the eastside of Heemskerk is Castle Assumburg, built from the remains of Kasteel Oud Haerlem in 1546. The Nederlandse Hervormde Kerk (Dutch Reformed Church) at the Nielenplein and Kerkplein is built in 1628, but it has a tower from the Middle Ages. In the square around the church is a monument dedicated to the painter Maarten van Heemskerck.

Agricultural village[edit]

The old village around 1915-30.[5]

After the time of knights and nobles, Heemskerk remained a small, quiet village near the dunes. Its residents, who mainly worked in agriculture and keeping cattle, had good, but also some very bad times. From the time that products - mainly strawberries for the neighbouring town Beverwijk, where the fruits were sold - were brought to the market with donkeys, people from Heemskerk got the name of Donkey as a nickname and symbol.

The former town hall was built in 1911 after a design by Jan Stuyt and was raised with an additional floor in 1949. Today this is the building where Janssen's notary office is located. The Roman Catholic Laurentiuskerk, designed by architect J.H. Tonnaer, was completed in 1891 and is a rare example of a Catholic church in neo-renaissance style. There is nothing left of other historical monuments, like Castle Oud Haerlem.

Transportation[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Dutch Topographic map of Heemskerk, July 2013

References[edit]

  1. ^ "De burgemeester van Heemskerk" [The mayor of Heemskerk] (in Dutch). Gemeente Heemskerk. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 1964EZ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  5. ^ J. Van Venetien (1968). Hart van Kennemerland: Album van het leven en werken in Midden-Kennemerland door de eeuwen heen. p.212.

External links[edit]