|Member of Parliament
|Preceded by||Aurélien Noël|
|Succeeded by||Lucie Pépin|
July 26, 1929 |
Île Perrot, Quebec
Life and career
Lalonde was born in Île Perrot, Quebec and obtained a Master of Laws degree from the Université de Montréal, a Master's degree from Oxford University, and a Diplôme d'études supérieures en droit (D.E.S.D) from the University of Ottawa.
In 1959, he worked in Ottawa as a special advisor to Progressive Conservative Justice Minister Davie Fulton. He went to Montreal to practice law until 1967 when he returned to Ottawa to work as an advisor in the Prime Minister's Office under Liberal Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson. Lalonde remained when Pierre Trudeau became Prime Minister of Canada in 1968, serving as Principal Secretary.
At Trudeau's urging, he ran for a seat in the Canadian House of Commons in the 1972 election. Elected as the Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for the riding of Outremont, Lalonde immediately joined the Cabinet as Minister of National Health and Welfare, a position he held until 1977. He was concurrently Minister of Amateur Sport until 1976 and was also Minister responsible for the Status of Women from 1974 to 1979.
A staunch federalist, he was also one of Trudeau's chief advisors on the situation in Quebec, taking the position of Minister of State on federal-provincial relations in the wake of the Parti Québécois victory in the 1976 Quebec provincial election.
Lalonde served as Minister of Justice from 1978 until the Liberal government's defeat in the 1979 election. When the Liberals returned to power in the 1980 election, Lalonde became Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources and instituted the National Energy Program which became intensely unpopular in Alberta. From 1982 until 1984, he served as Minister of Finance, instituting a limited program of informal wage and price controls in an effort to reduce inflation.
Lalonde endorsed John Turner in the 1984 Liberal leadership convention and continued as Finance Minister after Turner succeeded Trudeau as Prime Minister in 1984, but did not run in the 1984 election.
In the 1990s, he served as an ad hoc judge at the International Court of Justice, and has also represented Canada in various trade disputes. He was a practising lawyer with the firm of Stikeman Elliott LLP in Montreal until his retirement in 2006.
He returned to the political arena in 2005 when Prime Minister Paul Martin named him co-president of the Liberal Party's electoral campaign in Quebec for the 39th Canadian federal election. Brigitte Legault, the president of the Young Liberals of Canada (Quebec), served as the other co-president.
Lalonde appeared before the Canadian House of Commons's Ethics Committee in November 2008 along with client Karlheinz Schreiber, who was being questioned in regard to the Airbus affair involving former PM Brian Mulroney.
- A new perspective on the health of Canadians, best known as the "Lalonde report"
- Canadian Football Act
|23rd Ministry – Cabinet of John Turner|
|Cabinet Post (1)|
|Cont'd from 22nd Min.||Minister of Finance
June 30, 1984 -September 16, 1984
|22nd Ministry – Second cabinet of Pierre Trudeau|
|Cabinet Posts (2)|
|Allan MacEachen||Minister of Finance
September 10, 1982 - June 29, 1984
|Cont'd into 23rd Min.|
|Ramon John Hnatyshyn||Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources
March 3, 1980 - September 9, 1982
|20th Ministry – First cabinet of Pierre Trudeau|
|Cabinet Posts (4)|
|Otto Lang||Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada
November 24, 1978 - June 3, 1979
|'||Minister of State (Federal-Provincial Relations)
September 16, 1977 - November 23, 1978
|John Mercer Reid|
|John Munro||Minister of National Health and Welfare
November 27, 1972 - September 15, 1977
|'||Minister of Amateur Sport
November 27, 1972 - September 14, 1976
|Special Cabinet Responsibilities|
|Robert Andras||Minister responsible for the Status of Women
August 8, 1974 - June 3, 1979
|Parliament of Canada|
Aurélien Nöel, Liberal
|Member of Parliament for Outremont
1972 - 1984
Lucie Pépin, Liberal