Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui

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Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui

Skhcrest.svg
Arms of the Province
Primate The Most Rev. Dr Paul Kwong
Headquarters 1 Lower Albert Road,
Central,
Hong Kong Island,
Hong Kong
Territory  Hong Kong
and  Macao
Website http://www.hkskh.org
Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui
Traditional Chinese 香港聖公會
Simplified Chinese 香港圣公会

The Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui (abbreviated SKH), also known as the Hong Kong Anglican Church (Episcopal), is the Anglican Church in Hong Kong and Macao. It is the 38th Province of the Anglican Communion. It is also one of the major denominations in Hong Kong.

The Most Rev. Dr Paul Kwong is the current Archbishop and Primate of Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui and Bishop of the Diocese of Hong Kong Island with his seat at St John's Cathedral. The Rt Rev. Andrew Chan is Bishop of the Diocese of Western Kowloon.

Anglican Communion[edit]

Main article: Anglican Communion

The Anglican Church[1] is a global family and a fellowship of churches which trace their roots to the Church of England, with a province being a basic autonomous unit. There are presently 38 independent and self-governing provinces spanning over 160 countries. With well over 100 million members, The Holy Anglican Communion is the third largest church in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches.

In the Anglican Communion, there is no central governing authority. Churches uphold and proclaim the Catholic and Apostolic faith. The front-line unit of Church is the "parish". Parishes of similar vicinity are then grouped together to form a "diocese". Dioceses sharing similar cultural and national background would unite and form a "province", participating in the Anglican Communion under the leadership and jurisdiction of an archbishop.

The Four Instruments of Unity for the Anglican Communion:[1]

  1. The Archbishop of Canterbury,
  2. The Anglican Consultative Council, which is organized once every three years,
  3. Lambeth Conference, a global Anglican bishops' meeting which is held once every ten years, and
  4. Primates' Meeting, the meeting of the most senior leaders of the church, which is held at least on an annual basis.

Anglican Faith[edit]

The Anglican Faith is based on the belief that the Bible, the Holy Scriptures of the Old and the New Testaments, "contain[s] all things necessary to salvation". Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui further maintains the ministry of the Church which it has received through the Episcopacy in the three orders of Bishops, Priests, and Deacons.[1][2]

History and origin[edit]

Sheng Kung Hui started in Hong Kong in 1843.[3] The first Chinese church, St. Stephen's Church, was founded in 1865. From then onwards, in the course of development of the Anglican Church in Hong Kong and Macao, churches continued to grow and witnessed the establishment of the Diocese of Victoria (Chinese: 維多利亞教區) in 1849 under the See of Canterbury; the establishment of the Kong Yuet Diocese (Chinese: 港粵教區) under the Province of the Chung Hua Sheng Kung Hui (Chinese: 中華聖公會) in 1913; and the birth of the Diocese of Hong Kong and Macao (Chinese: 港澳教區) in 1951, which was subsequently completely separated from the national Chung Hua Sheng Kung Hui.

In the 40th Synod of the Diocese held in December 1991, it was resolved that steps were to be taken to expand the Diocese into a province and eventually in 1998, the Province of Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui was established.[2]

Structure[edit]

Dioceses and Missionary Area[edit]

Three dioceses of HKSKH (the Missionary Area of Macau is not shown)

Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui consists of three dioceses and one missionary area. There is a bishop in each diocese. The dioceses are:

(The Diocese of Eastern Kowloon and the Diocese of Western Kowloon are divided by the geographical constituencies of the Legislative Council in the New Territories, and along the Kowloon-Canton Railway in Kowloon and New Kowloon.)

The missionary area is:

  • The Missionary Area of Macao (澳門傳道地區)

Parishes and churches[edit]

See also: Parish

A complete list is also available in Chinese Wikipedia

General synod[edit]

The Provincial General Synod is composed[2] of the House of Bishop, the House of Clegy and the House of Laity. Members come from the Diocese of Hong Kong Island, the Diocese of Eastern Kowloon, the Diocese of Western Kowloon and the Missionary Area of Macao. Under the General Synod, there are different Commissions responsible for different areas of ministry.

Mission and pastoral work[edit]

The Church is a community with no boundaries in age, social or ethnic status. Members include Chinese, other Asians and Westerners from all over the world. The worship in Churches features English, Filipino, Cantonese Chinese and Mandarin Chinese.

Pastoral Care
On the parish level, pastoral care is given through fellowships for children, youth, adults, women, elderly and other related groups to cater to the different needs of people of various age groups and background. Retreats, silent meditation, pilgrimage and tours to Palestine are often arranged. Caring for the elderly, family counseling service, spiritual support in hospitals, pastoral care in correctional institutes, mission to Seafarers and religious service at the Airport are some of the Church's services.[1]
Religious Education
Religious education of parishes are carried out by Sunday Schools, seminars, disciple training courses and catechism class, among others. The whole Church relies on the Religious Education and Resource Centre to co-ordinate religious education research, provision of religious education curriculum and promotion of religious education. Besides training ordinands, Ming Hua Theological College also provides multi-faceted theological, spiritual and biblical studies for laity.[1]

Social service[edit]

Social service of the Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui started in mid 18th Century. At present, many social service organizations and social service models in Hong Kong were those initiated and promoted by the Church. Services provided by the Church are multi-faceted, including services for family and child-care, children and youth, the elderly, rehabilitation service, community development service and other supportive services. There are more than 230 units providing social service run by Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui at present.[1]

In January 2010, the Inland Revenue Department began to pursue the SKH for unpaid taxes in the amount of HK$180 million, relating to a parcel of land in Tai Po which originally housed an orphanage. In 1993, after the closure of the orphanage, the SKH let Cheung Kong Holdings develop luxury apartments on the site, and were estimated to have made profits of HK$450 million in cash, in addition to receiving 120 apartments for free.[4]

Education[edit]

There are altogether 33 secondary schools sponsored by Sheng Kung Hui in the territory,[5] amongst which namely:

Primary schools[edit]

  • Sheng Kung Hui Chu Oi Primary School
  • Sheng Kung Hui Chu Oi Primary School (Lei Muk Shue)
  • Sheng Kung Hui Ho Chak Wan Primary School
  • Sheng Kung Hui Tsing Yi Estate Ho Chak Wan Primary School
  • Sheng Kung Hui Tsing Yi Chu Yan Primary School
  • Sheng Kung Hui Holy Spirit Primary School

Secondary schools[edit]

Education reform controversy[edit]

Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui, with its sponsored primary and secondary schools, were embroiled in the School-Based Management Policy controversy with the government in 2002, five years after the handover.

SKH Ming Hua Theological College[edit]

Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui runs its own theological college: Ming Hua Theological College, named after Bishop Ronald Owen Hall. Ming Hua College was established in 1947 by Bishop R.O. Hall in what was then the Church of England’s Diocese of Victoria. It was at first dedicated to the education of Chinese lay Christians, particularly from disadvantaged backgrounds. In 1996, now part of the Diocese of Hong Kong and Macao, the College was renamed Sheng Kung Hui (“Holy Catholic Church”) Ming Hua Theological College and given the responsibility of training priests for full-time ministry in the Church. This work continues today as part of the Anglican Province of Hong Kong and Macao, with Ming Hua being the Provincial training centre for clergy and laity. The College’s broader identity, now as in 1947, is to encourage active participation in the thoughtful life of the Church. By providing high quality theological programmes, the College has always encouraged members of the Anglican Church to explore deeper understandings of their faith. Additionally, the strong fellowships founded in mutual respect, support, assistance, understanding and tolerance between all members, helps the study of theology at Ming Hua to move beyond the College and into the wider reaches of our communities. Much like the local societies of Hong Kong, Kowloon, and Macao, Ming Hua embraces local, national, and international perspectives. Visiting professors and overseas scholars are frequent guests at the College, exchanging and sharing with local members of the Church. The College is also closely involved with its ecumenical partners in the territory, and the Three Self Patriotic Movement of the Protestant Churches in China.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Guide to Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui
  2. ^ a b c Constitution of the Province
  3. ^ http://www.hkskh.org/content.aspx?id=10&lang=1
  4. ^ Moy, Patsy (2010-01-21), Taxman chases church for $180m owing on land deal, The Standard, retrieved 2010-01-21 
  5. ^ Website of Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui, link

External links[edit]