Huang Liping started as an amateur in 1978, joining the Hubei team in 1985, and then selected to the China's national gymnastics team the following year. He won the artistic team all-around, artistic individuals all-around, high bar and parallel bars champion at the 1993 National Gymnastics Games, then won several World Artistic Gymnastics Championships as groups and individual champions. At the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, he won a silver for the Chinese gymnastics team. Huang also finished sixth in the parallel bars at those same games.
Retiring after the 1996 games, Huang passed the gymnasics exam to become the youngest world-class gymnastics magistrate in China. In 1998 he was named the national gymnastics coach, replacing Li Ning in that position.