Hyphaene

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Hyphaene
Dum palm us.JPG
Doum palm in Northern Sudan
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Borasseae
Genus: Hyphaene
Gaertn.
Synonyms[1]
  • Doma Lam.
  • Cucifera Delile
  • Douma Poir. in H.L.Duhamel du Monceau
  • Chamaeriphes Dill. ex Kuntze

Hyphaene is a genus of palms native to Africa, Madagascar, the Middle East, and the Indian Subcontinent.[1][2][3]

The genus includes the Doum palm (H. thebaica). They are unusual among palms in having regular naturally branched trunks; most other palms are single-stemmed from the ground.

  1. Hyphaene compressa H.Wendl. - eastern Africa from Ethiopia to Mozambique
  2. Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn. - eastern Africa from South Africa; Madagascar; Juan de Nova Island
  3. Hyphaene dichotoma (J.White Dubl. ex Nimmo) Furtado - India, Sri Lanka
  4. Hyphaene guineensis Schumach. & Thonn. - western and central Africa from Liberia to Angola
  5. Hyphaene macrosperma H.Wendl. - Benin
  6. Hyphaene petersiana Klotzsch ex Mart. - southern and eastern Africa from South Africa to Tanzania
  7. Hyphaene reptans Becc. - Somalia, Kenya, Yemen
  8. Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. - northeastern, central and western Africa from Egypt to Somalia and west to Senegal and Mauritania; Middle East (Palestine, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Kew Palms Checklist: Hyphaene
  3. ^ Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.