|Sabal adansonii Guers.
Sabal is a genus of New World palms, many of the species being known as palmetto, a loanword from Spanish language for Chamaerops humilis (palmito). They are fan palms (Arecaceae tribe Corypheae), with the leaves with a bare petiole terminating in a rounded fan of numerous leaflets; in some of the species, the leaflets are joined for up to half of their length. A variable portion of the leaf petiole may remain persistent on the trunk for many years after leaf fall leaving the trunk rough and spiky, but in some, the lower trunk loses these leaf bases and becomes smooth. The fruit is a drupe.
The species are native to the subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas, from the Gulf coast/South Atlantic states in the USA south through the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America to Colombia and Venezuela in northern South America.
- Sabal bermudana L.H.Bailey – Bermuda Palmetto (Bermuda)
- Sabal 'Birmingham' Birmingham Palmetto
- Sabal blackburniana Glazebr. ex Schult. & Schult.f.
- Sabal bracknellense† (Chandler) Mai
- Sabal causiarum (O.F.Cook) Becc. – Puerto Rico Hat Palm (Puerto Rico, British Virgin Islands, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic)
- Sabal domingensis Becc. – Palma Cana (Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Haiti)
- Sabal etonia Swingle ex Nash – Scrub Palmetto (Florida and Georgia, United States)
- Sabal gretheriae H.J.Quero.R. – Yucatán Palmetto (Quintana Roo, Mexico)
- Sabal guatemalensis Becc. (southern Mexico and Guatemala)
- Sabal jenkinsii† (Reid & Chandler) Manchester
- Sabal maritima (Kunth) Burret (Jamaica and Cuba)
- Sabal mauritiiformis (H.Karst.) Griseb. & H.Wendl. – Palma de Vaca (southern Mexico to northern Colombia, Venezuela, and Trinidad)
- Sabal mexicana Mart. – Mexican Palmetto (southern Texas south through Mexico to Nicaragua)
- Sabal miamiensis Zona – Miami Palmetto (Florida) (possibly not distinct from S. etonia)
- Sabal minor (Jacq.) Pers. – Dwarf Palmetto (southeastern United States: Florida north to North Carolina, west to Texas)
- Sabal palmetto (Walter) Lodd. ex Schult. & Schult.f. – Cabbage Palmetto (Florida north to North Carolina, Cuba, and the Bahamas)
- Sabal parviflora Becc. (Cuba)
- Sabal pumos (Kunth) Burret (Guerrero, Michoacán, and Puebla, Mexico)
- Sabal rosei (O.F.Cook) Becc. (coast of northwestern Mexico)
- Sabal riverside A possible cross between S. bermudana and S. domingensis, larger and faster than most Sabals, from a tree in Riverside California.
- Sabal uresana Trel. – Sonoran Palmetto (Chihuahua and Sonora, Mexico)
- Sabal yapa C.Wright ex Becc. – Cana Rata (Yucatán Peninsula, Belize, and Cuba
Formerly placed here
Several species are cultivated as ornamental plants and because several species are relatively cold-hardy, can be grown farther north than most other palms. The central bud of Sabal species is edible and known as heart of palm. The trees are grown commercially for this product, particularly in Brazil. Hearts of palm are occasionally available fresh and whole, but are usually sold cut in pieces and canned.
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- Michel Adanson (1763). Familles des plantes. 2. pp. 495, 599.
- "Sabal Adans.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- "Sabal Adans.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-10-15. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
- "Sabal Adanson ex Guersent, Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societe Philomatique. 87: 205-206. 1804". Flora of North America. eFloras. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- Manchester, Steven R. (1994). "Fruits and seeds of the Middle Eocene Nut Beds Flora, Clarno Formation, Oregon". Palaeontographica Americana 58: 1–205.
- "Subordinate taxa of Sabal Adans.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- "GRIN Species Records of Sabal". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- Zona, Scott (1990). "A monograph of Sabal (Arecaceae: Coryphoideae)". Aliso 12: 583–666.