I'm Every Woman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"I'm Every Woman"
Single by Chaka Khan
from the album Chaka
Released 1978
Format 7" single, 12" single
Recorded 1978
Genre Disco, funk, R&B
Length 4:25
Label Warner Bros.
Writer(s) Nickolas Ashford, Valerie Simpson
Producer(s) Arif Mardin
Chaka Khan singles chronology
"I'm Every Woman"
(1978)
"Life Is a Dance"
(1978)

"I'm Every Woman" is a song recorded by Chaka Khan in 1978. It was Chaka Khan's first hit outside of her recordings with funk band Rufus; the song was included on her platinum debut solo album Chaka. Produced by Arif Mardin and written by successful songwriting team Nickolas Ashford and Valerie Simpson, the soul/disco song reached number twenty-one on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, number eleven on the UK Singles Chart and hit number one on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs.[1] On the disco chart, the single peaked at number thirty.[2]

The single established Chaka's career outside of the group Rufus, whom she would leave after their album Masterjam was released in late 1979. A music video was produced for Khan's version of "I'm Every Woman" at a time when the value of promotional films was increasing. The video, which features five dancing Chakas dressed in various outfits to represent "every woman," was made a few years before the onset of mainstream coverage of "music promos" through such outlets as MTV, VH1, and BET.

The track was remixed and re-released in 1989 for Khan's remix album Life is a Dance - The Remix Project; this mix reached number 8 in the UK. Whitney Houston (who sang backup vocals on Khan's 1980 follow-up LP Naughty), would later record the song in 1992 with production by David Cole and Robert Clivillés, and vocals produced by Narada Michael Walden, turning it into a hit for a new generation.

Charts[edit]

Chart (1978) Peak
position
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[3] 20
Ireland (IRMA)[4] 16
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[5] 15
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[6] 18
U.K (The Official Charts Company)[7] 11
U.S Billboard Hot 100[8] 21
U.S Soul Singles[9] 1
Chart (1989) Peak
position
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[10] 20
Ireland (IRMA)[4] 7
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[11] 9
U.K (The Official Charts Company)[7] 8

Credits[edit]

Whitney Houston version[edit]

"I'm Every Woman"
Single by Whitney Houston
from the album The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album
Released January 2, 1993
Format CD single, cassette single, 7" single, 12" single, Video single
Recorded March - May 1992
Genre R&B, dance-pop, house
Length 4:47
Label Arista
Writer(s) Nickolas Ashford, Valerie Simpson
Producer(s) Narada Michael Walden, Louis Biancaniello, David Cole, Robert Clivillés
Whitney Houston singles chronology
"I Will Always Love You"
(1992)
"I'm Every Woman"
(1993)
"I Have Nothing"
(1993)
Music video
"I'm Every Woman" on YouTube
The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album track listing
"I Have Nothing"
(2)
"I'm Every Woman"
(3)
"Run to You"
(4)

Whitney Houston recorded "I'm Every Woman" for The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album. Houston's version was produced by Narada Michael Walden, with additional production by David Cole and Robert Clivillés. It was released as Houston's second single from the soundtrack in January 1993.

Release[edit]

When "I'm Every Woman" was released, Houston's preceding single, "I Will Always Love You," was still at number 1 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 (it remained there for eight more weeks). Houston's version of "I'm Every Woman" would become a bigger hit than the original, peaking at number four on the Billboard Hot 100 in just its seventh and eighth week of release; remaining in the top 40 for nineteen weeks. The song became number one on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart,[12] reached number five on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart,[13] and cracked the top 40 on the Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks chart. Houston's cover was also a bigger international hit than the original version as it peaked within the top 5 in the UK and several other countries, and the top 20 in France, Australia, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland. Contrary to popular belief, Houston did not perform backing vocals on Khan's original 1978 version. Chaka Khan confirmed this in an interview with Lester Holt in 2012.[14]

As a tribute to Chaka Khan, Houston proclaims Khan's name towards the end of the song.

Critical reception[edit]

Stephen Holden of NY Times wrote: "Though not as exuberantly sexy as the original, her version of Chaka Khan's 1978 hit, "I'm Every Woman," is a respectable imitation."[15] Allmusic editor Stephen Thomas Erlewine praised the song: "especially her cover of "I'm Every Woman" are all first-rate urban pop songs that skillfully capture Houston at her best."[16] Entertainment Weekly's Amy Linden praised the cover: "Just as triumphant is her tackling of Chaka Khan's signature tune, I'm Every Woman. To take on another diva's material requires the female equivalent of cojones, and Houston (wisely) doesn't muck around with the original's overall tone or arrangement. But she sure does it justice, even adding a sly Chaka shout-out as the cut fades."[17] Rolling Stone called this rendition overwrought remake and that Whitney underminded her soul roots.[18] A review on CD Universe is also a positive one: "Houston continues to mine her rich vein of ornate balladry and pop-flavored dance workouts on the Ashford & Simpson original "I'm Every Woman."[19] USA Today praised the song too: "She adds surprises: Chaka Khan's I'm Every Woman becomes sweaty house music."[20]

Music video[edit]

The music video was directed by Randee St. Nicholas, and features a very pregnant Houston performing the song, while scenes from The Bodyguard are intercut into the clip. The video also features cameo appearances by Cissy Houston (Houston's mother), as well as by Chaka Khan, Valerie Simpson, Martha Wash, and labelmates TLC. The song won Houston a NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Music Video, and received a Grammy Award nomination in 1994 for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance.

Formats and track listings[edit]

CD single
  1. "I'm Every Woman" – 4:45
  2. "Who Do You Love" – 3:55
European CD maxi-single
  1. "I'm Every Woman" (7" single) – 4:44
  2. "I'm Every Woman" (Clivillés & Cole House Mix I) – 10:37
  3. "I'm Every Woman" (a cappella mix) – 4:27
UK CD maxi-single
  1. "I'm Every Woman" (7" single) – 4:44
  2. "I'm Every Woman" (Every Woman's House/Club Mix Radio Edit) – 4:40
  3. "I'm Every Woman" (Clivillés & Cole House Mix I) – 10:37
  4. "I'm Every Woman" (Every Woman's House/Club Mix) – 10:14
  5. "I'm Every Woman" (Every Woman's Beat) – 4:11
  6. "I'm Every Woman" (a cappella mix) – 4:27
U.S. CD maxi-single
  1. "I'm Every Woman" (Every Woman's House/Club Mix Radio Edit) – 4:40
  2. "I'm Every Woman" (album version) – 4:45
  3. "I'm Every Woman" (Every Woman's House/Club Mix) – 10:14
  4. "I'm Every Woman" (Clivillés & Cole House Mix I) – 10:37
  5. "I'm Every Woman" (Clivillés & Cole House Mix II) – 10:54
  6. "Who Do You Love" – 3:55

U.S. 12" maxi-single

  1. "I'm Every Woman" (Every Woman's House/Club Mix) – 10:14
  2. "I'm Every Woman" (Every Woman's Beat) – 4:11
  3. "I'm Every Woman" (Clivillés & Cole House Mix I) - 10:37
  4. "I'm Every Woman" (Clivillés & Cole House Mix II) - 10:54
  5. "I'm Every Woman" (The C & C Dub) – 10:03
  6. "I'm Every Woman" (a cappella mix) – 4:27

Credits and personnel[edit]

  • Performed by Whitney Houston
  • Produced by Narada Michael Walden
  • Additional production and remix by Robert Clivilles and David Cole
  • Vocal arrangement inspired by Chaka Khan
  • Additional vocal arrangement and production by Robert Clivilles and David Cole
  • Programming by Louis Biancaniello, James Alfano and Chauncey Mahan
  • Recording engineers – Matt Rohr, Marc Reyburn
  • Additional production recording engineers – Acar S. Key, Richard Joseph
  • Mixing engineer – Bob Rosa

Charts and certifications[edit]

Other versions[edit]

After the popularity of the Whitney Houston version, The Oprah Winfrey Show unveiled its "I'm Every Woman" campaign in the 1993-1994 season, using a cover version with remade lyrics in promos[54] and an instrumental rendition used as the theme song. In 2006, it was recorded in the fifth season of American Idol by Mandisa, and put on the album American Idol Season 5: Encores.[55] From 2012-2013, the song was covered by Heather Headley in The Bodyguard Musical.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 321. 
  2. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Hot Dance/Disco: 1974-2003. Record Research. p. 144. 
  3. ^ "Ultratop.be – Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  4. ^ a b c http://www.irishcharts.ie/search/placement?page=3
  5. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Chaka Khan – I'm Every Woman" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  6. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Chaka Khan – I'm Every Woman". Top 40 Singles.
  7. ^ a b UK Singles Chart
  8. ^ Billboard Hot 100
  9. ^ Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs
  10. ^ "Ultratop.be – Chaka Khan – I'm Every Woman (Remix)" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  11. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Chaka Khan – I'm Every Woman (Remix)" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  12. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Hot Dance/Disco: 1974-2003. Record Research. p. 124. 
  13. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 263. 
  14. ^ Holt, Lester. "Chaka Khan: Whitney like a sister". NBC Today Show. NBC. Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  15. ^ RECORD BRIEF - New York Times
  16. ^ The Bodyguard [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack] - Original Soundtrack | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards | AllMusic
  17. ^ The Bodyguard (soundtrack) Review | Music Reviews and News | EW.com
  18. ^ Whitney Houston: Album Guide | Rolling Stone Music
  19. ^ Bodyguard Soundtrack CD Album
  20. ^ http://www.whitney-fan.com/music/reviews/36/65
  21. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  22. ^ "Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  23. ^ "Ultratop.be – Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  24. ^ http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?brws_s=1&file_num=nlc008388.1786&type=1&interval=24&PHPSESSID=5108ul524p7ba3ad6op0lgth35
  25. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin: Levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972. Finland: Otava. p. 161. ISBN 951-1-21053-X. 
  26. ^ "Lescharts.com – Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  27. ^ "Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman". Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  28. ^ "Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts, News, Neuerscheinungen, Tickets, Genres, Genresuche, Genrelexikon, Künstler-Suche, Musik-Suche, Track-Suche, Ticket-Suche – musicline.de" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  29. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  30. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  31. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. p. 810. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. 
  32. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman". Singles Top 60. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  33. ^ "Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  34. ^ WHITNEY HOUSTON | Artist | Official Charts
  35. ^ "Whitney Houston Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Whitney Houston. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  36. ^ "Whitney Houston Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Contemporary for Whitney Houston. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  37. ^ a b The Bodyguard [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack] - Original Soundtrack : Awards : AllMusic
  38. ^ "Whitney Houston Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for Whitney Houston. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  39. ^ "Lescharts.com – Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman" (in French). Les classement single.
  40. ^ "Whitney Houston Album & Song Chart History" Japan Hot 100 for Whitney Houston.
  41. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Whitney Houston – I'm Every Woman" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  42. ^ 27 Whitney Houston tracks on course to re-enter Official Singles Chart
  43. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1993". Hung Medien. Ultratop. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Canadian RPM Top 100 Hit Tracks". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. December 18, 1993. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  45. ^ "The RPM Top 100 Adult Contemporary Tracks of 1993". RPM (Library and Archives Canada) 58 (23). December 18, 1993. ISSN 0315-5994. Retrieved March 12, 2011. 
  46. ^ "Single Top 100 over 1993". Dutch Top 40. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl - Jaaroverzichten - Single 1993" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved June 2, 2011. 
  48. ^ "Billboard.BIZ". Billboard.BIZ. 1993-12-31. Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  49. ^ "Billboard.BIZ". Billboard.BIZ. 1993-12-31. Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  50. ^ "Billboard.BIZ". Billboard.BIZ. 1993-12-31. Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  51. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (Illustrated ed.). Sydney: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  52. ^ "BPI Searchable Database". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  53. ^ "RIAA - Gold & Platinum > Searchable database". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved July 20, 2012. 
  54. ^ 1993 Oprah Commercial - YouTube
  55. ^ Amazon.com: American Idol Season 5 Encores: Various Artists: Music

External links[edit]