IAI Astra

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Astra
Israel Aircraft Industries 1125 Astra SPX D-CRIS in DUS.jpg
An Astra SPX (later called the Gulfstream G100) in Düsseldorf, Germany
Role Business jet
Manufacturer Israel Aircraft Industries
First flight 19 March 1984
Introduction 1986
Status Active
Primary users Israeli Air Force
Indian Air Force
Produced 1984-2005
Developed from IAI Westwind
Variants Gulfstream G100

The IAI 1125 Astra is an Israel Aircraft Industries-manufactured twin-engine business jet. The Astra evolved from the IAI Westwind. The Astra wing design was modified and with a completely new fuselage created the Galaxy (later the Gulfstream G200) business jet during the 1990s.[1]

Design and development[edit]

Work on an improved Westwind began in the late 1970s,[2] with the first prototype flight on March 19, 1984.[3] The first production Astra flew on March 20, 1985, FAA certification came on August 29, 1985 and customer deliveries started in 1986.[3]

The original 1125 Astra was replaced in by the Astra SP, announced in 1989 of which 37 were built. The third variant, Astra SPX, flew in August 1994. This variant was renamed G100 from September 2002 following Gulfstream's acquisition of Galaxy Aerospace, which held the Astra certifications, in May 2001. IAI built G100s in Israel and then flew the completed airframes to the United States for interior outfitting. Production of the G100 was discontinued in 2005 with the introduction of the G150.

Operators[edit]

 Eritrea
 Israel;
 India;

Specifications (1125 Astra)[edit]

Data from International Directory of Civil Aircraft[4]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: typical seating for 6 passengers, with maximum seating for 9
  • Length: 16.94 m (55 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 16.05 m (52 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 5.53 m (18 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 29.4 m2 (316 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 5,747 kg (12,670 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 10,660 kg (23,501 lb)
Increased Weight Modification: 11,181 kg (24,650 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Honeywell TFE731 turbofans, 16.2 kN (3,600 lbf) thrust each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 672 km/h; 418 mph (363 kn) IAS
  • Maximum speed: Mach M0.855
  • Cruising speed: 862 km/h (536 mph; 465 kn) TAS
  • Range: 5,760 km (3,579 mi; 3,110 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 13,716 m (45,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 18 m/s (3,500 ft/min)

See also[edit]

Related development

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Israel IAI-1126 Galaxy/Gulfstream G200"
  2. ^ Relman 1993, p. 314.
  3. ^ a b Relman 1993, p. 316.
  4. ^ Frawley, Gerard (2002). The International Directory of Civil Aircraft. Fyshwick ACT, Australia: Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd. p. 134. ISBN 1-875671-58-7. 

External links[edit]