Location of Inuyama in Aichi Prefecture
|• Total||74.97 km2 (28.95 sq mi)|
|Population (June 1 2012)|
|• Density||1,000/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Chinese hawthorn|
|Address||36 Higashihata, Inuyama, Inuyama-shi, Aichi-ken 484-0081|
|Website||City of Inuyama|
Immediately following the Meiji Restoration in 1868, it was established as an independent feudal han, until the 1871 abolition of the han system. With the cadastral reforms of October 1, 1889, the town of Inuyama was created. Inuyama was elevated to city status in 1954.
Universities and colleges
- Nagoya Keizai University
- Nagoya Keizai University Junior College
The most famous attraction is Inuyama Castle on a 40-meter rise overlooking the Kiso River. This Japanese castle was designated as a Japanese national treasure in 1935 and again in 1952. The castle in its current form was built in 1537 by Oda Nobuyasu, grandfather of the great warlord Oda Nobunaga. The castle is the only privately owned castle in Japan, and has remained unchanged since it was built, making it the oldest original wooden castle in Japan.
Another famous attraction is the Urakuen tea garden used for tea ceremonies. This garden contains the Joan tea house, built in 1618 by Oda Uraku (1547–1621), younger brother of Oda Nobunaga. Tea master Oda Uraku was a student of the famous tea master Sen no Rikyū. While the Joan tea house was originally built in Kyoto, it was moved to its current location in 1972. The building is considered one of the finest examples of tea house architecture.
The Kiso River also has some very picturesque rapids upstream of Inuyama Castle. These rapids and the rock formations are called the Nihon Rhine after the Rhine river in Germany, and boat tours are available. Cormorant fishing on the Kiso River is also done, although nowadays almost exclusively for tourists.
Near Inuyama is the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum for preserving and exhibiting structures of the Meiji (1867–1912) and Taishō (1913–1926) eras. As of 2005, 67 historical buildings are preserved on an area of 1,000,000 m2. The most famous one is the main entrance and lobby of Tokyo's old Imperial Hotel, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and built in 1923.
Another former open-air museum near Inuyama is also an amusement park called Little World Museum of Man. This anthropological museum contained a large number of buildings built according to the native style of over 22 countries.
Another amusement park is the Japan Monkey Park, with different species of monkeys and other entertainment.
Inuyama is also the site of the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University, one of the world's foremost centers for research in non-human primate biology and behavior. The chimpanzee Ai and her son Ayumu live there.
- - Tateyama, Toyama, Japan
- - Nichinan, Miyazaki, Japan
- – Davis, California, USA
- - Xiangyang, Hubei, China (friendship city)
- – Sankt Goarshausen, Germany
Noted people from Inuyama
- Monkeys use trees as catapults in escape from Kyoto Uni's primate research centre, 7 July 2010 , The Courier-Mail, Queensland Newspapers.
Media related to Inuyama, Aichi at Wikimedia Commons
- Inuyama City official website (Japanese)
- Other official website (Japanese)
- Official website (English)