Itarsi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Itarsi, Madhya Pradesh
city
Itarsi Railway Station.jpg
Itarsi, Madhya Pradesh is located in Madhya Pradesh
Itarsi, Madhya Pradesh
Itarsi, Madhya Pradesh
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 22°37′N 77°45′E / 22.62°N 77.75°E / 22.62; 77.75Coordinates: 22°37′N 77°45′E / 22.62°N 77.75°E / 22.62; 77.75
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Hoshangabad
Government
 • MLA Pt. Girija Shankar Sharma
Elevation 305 m (1,001 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 94,201
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 461111
Telephone code 91 7572
Vehicle registration MP-05
Sex ratio 1.08:1 /

Itarsi (Hindi: इटारसी) is a city in Madhya Pradesh in central India. Itarsi is in Hoshangabad District, south of the city of Hoshangabad. It is a commercial hub for agricultural goods and is famous for its railway junction. It has Ordnance Factory Itarsi of the Ordnance Factories Board which maufactures products for the Indian Armed Forces. The Bori Wildlife Sanctuary and Tawa Dam are nearby.

History[edit]

The name Itarsi derives from intt (brick) and rassi (rope) which used to be traded around the town. But now a plywood factory has replaced "intt" and "rassi." Several industries are near the town including the ordnance factory and soya oil mills.

Harishankar Parsai was born in Jamani village near Itarsi.

Geography[edit]

Itarsi is located at 22°37′N 77°45′E / 22.62°N 77.75°E / 22.62; 77.75.[1] It has an average elevation of 304 metres (997 feet).

Reservoir[edit]

Itarsi has the large Tawa reservoir. Tawa Reservoir is on the Tawa River in central India. The reservoir was formed by the construction of the Tawa Dam, which began in 1958 and was completed in 1978. The dam provides for irrigation to several thousand hectares of farming land in Hoshangabad and Harda districts. Fishing in inland water bodies such as flood plain lakes, river, estuaries and reservoirs, has an important role for rural people. Fish is an important source of protein diet of many households and generate significant income as well as provide employment opportunities.

70 percent of the 0.71 million active fishing folks in India are employed in the inland fisheries. India has a total of 19,370 reservoir units covering an area of 31, 53,366 hectares; this creates a lot of opportunities for economic development of rural people. Reservoir fisheries are classic case of Common Pool Resources (CPRS) and require comprehensive institutional arrangement that can ensure productivity of the fish resources without compromising ecological needs.

Therefore, through the case of Tawa reservoir, we are trying to understand the fisheries resource and the production scenario. Tawa reservoir has undergone operation through different management regimes and, hence, provides an opportunity to comprehend the performance of these regimes and their implications on fisheries resources. The attempt is to understand the dynamics of the fisheries resource of Tawa reservoir.

With the limited available data, we analyse the catch and stocking relationship, predator-prey relationship and also to identify the determinants that influence the productivity of the Tawa reservoir. Based on the time-series data available a model was developed to determine the production possibility of the fish resource in Tawa. Our finding suggests that among different regimes in Tawa fisheries management, the cooperative form under Tawa Matsya Sangha (TMS)'s performance is better.

Now Tawa Dam is famous for Tawa Resort which is new picnic spot which is maintained by Madhya Pradesh Tourism. There is a cruise ship here for safari. Tawa Dam (Tawa Resort)

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Itarsi had a population of 93,783. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Itarsi has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81% and female literacy is 69%. In Itarsi, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Administration[edit]

The city is a Tehsil under Hoshangabad District. It is a part of Hoshangabad Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) & comes under Hoshangabad - Narsinghpur Loksabha (Parliament) constituency. It is represented in the Vidhan Sabha by Pt Girija Shankar Sharma (MLA) who won the last two elections by 25300 and 20000 votes. [3]

Transport[edit]

Itarsi Junction[edit]

Itarsi is one of the major junctions in India, at the crossing of important east-west and north-south routes. Itarsi comes under West Central Railway zone whose headquarters is in Jabalpur. Itarsi is connected via broad gauge lines to Bhopal and Delhi to the north, Bhusawal and Mumbai to the west, the railway junctions of Nagpur to the south and Jabalpur to the east. Rail services from Mumbai to Patna and Delhi to Chennai pass through Itarsi. 250 trains are daily passing through. Itarsi runs one express train — Vindhyachal express — and it runs three passenger trains in Jabalpur route daily. Itarsi is the busy railway station in Bhopal division. The new platforms 6 and 7 opened for Jabalpur, Nagpur and Bhusawal routes.

Apart from railway, National Highway (NH-69) connects Itarsi to major cities Bhopal and Nagpur. New Four lane roads are under the making in to be functional under 5 years. Four Duronto Express trains have technical halts at Itarsi.

Economy[edit]

Multi-modal composite logistics hub[edit]

Madhya Pradesh State Agricultural Marketing Board (referred to as “Mandi Board” and “Authority” ) in association with Madhya Pradesh Warehousing and Logistics Corporation intends to set up "Composite Logistics Hub" (the “Project”) through PPP mode on [Design, Build, Finance, Operate and Transfer (the "DBFOT")] . The Project land is at Itarsi in an area of approximately 115 acres of land between National Highway No. 69 and Delhi-Mumbai Railway line next to Pawarkheda Railway Station.

The Composite Logistics Hub is designed to cover an entire range of logistics infrastructure including rail sidings for cargo and container movement, rail side warehouses, and Inland Container Depot (ICD). The development of logistics infrastructure in any location is dependent on the quality of delivery mechanisms that are designed as a part of any such facility. The location at Pawarkheda will require a suitable multi-modal exchange point to be developed so that the movement of short lead cargo (inward and outward) over road can be transferred between rail and road for longer lead movements.

Diesel Loco Shed[edit]

Diesel Loco Shed Itarsi was established in 1964 with beginning of loco holding 40 nos. It is now rated as one of the premier shed of Indian Railways. The Diesel Loco Shed is now homing WDM‐2, WDM‐3A, WDM‐3D,WDP-4B and WDS‐6 class of diesel locomotives. The existing holding of the shed is 171 locos, with a mail link of 97 locos and goods outage target of 35 locos. Now shed is ready to take the challenge of homing WDP‐4 (4000&4500HP Locos) GM locos.

An integrated chemical and metallurgical laboratory has been established in this shed. Two effluent treatment plants and incinerators are available. A diesel technical training centre for training supervisors, artisans and operating/running staff is functional in the shed. (ISO Certification: First Certification ISO 9001–2000 Certified From ICS Mumbai; ISO 9001‐2008 ‐ 13.07.2009 Certified from IQCS “Institute of Quality Certifications Services (India)”; ISO 14001–2004 – 19.05.2007 Certified from JAS‐ANZ; OHSAS 18001–2007 ‐ 2 September 2008 Certified From Certification International (UK) Ltd.)

Type Wise Loco Holding: Type of Loco Total WDM2 52 WDM3A 57 WDM3D 32 WDS6 18 TOTAL 171

Maximum Holding (Year Number of Locos): 177 Locos in 2009‐10

Newspapers[edit]

Itarsi has own editions of newspapers: Dainik Bhaskar,Rajasthan Patrika Sandhya Prakash,Nagar Katha, Nai Duniya, Suryastambh.vc

Education[edit]

Various institutes are serving the education need of the people of Itarsi. There are lot of good institutes but not for professional and technical education. After completion of their school education,students have to go for higher study for big and near cities like Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur, etc. Mahatma Gandhi Memorial (M.G.M) College & Ravindranath Tagore College is the local college. It has arts, commerce and science streams.

Sports[edit]

Municipal Corporation of Itarsi organizes the All India Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Gold Cup hockey tournament at Gandhi Mini Stadium every year. Recognized hockey clubs from all over India participate in this prestigious tournament. In 2006, city proudly celebrated the 50th anniversary of the tournament. In 2008 District Hockey Association Guna won the tournament by defeating Amravati Hockey Team.

Religious places[edit]

The Boodhi Mata Mandir attracts numerous pilgrims every year.Salkan pur, Hanuman dhaam, Dwarkadhessh mandir, tilak sendoor and Khedapati Mata Mandir, 11 Mukhi Hanumanji, Saraddev are famous temples in and around Itarsi. The town is known for its particular arrangement of community colonies, e.g., Sindhi colony, Punjabi colony, Malviya Colony, etc. There are many Muslims in Itarsi. Mazjids include Noorani Mazjid, Hussaini Mazjid, mazjid Habeebiya Barkate Raza. There are churches like the Friend's, the Roman Catholic, the Evangelical Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church and the Pentecostal Church. The Brahma Kumari Samaj have a branch here. The Great Temple of Dronagiri Hanumant Mandir and Krishna Prasad Paaije Matth (Dandiwada)

References[edit]

DMC Itarsi