James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury

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For other people named James Cecil, see James Cecil (disambiguation).
The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Salisbury
KG PC
1stMarquessOfSalisbury.jpg
Lord Chamberlain
In office
1783–1804
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Henry Addington
Preceded by The Earl of Hertford
Succeeded by The Earl of Dartmouth
Postmaster General
In office
1816–1823
Serving with The Earl of Chichester
Monarch George III
George IV
Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Earl of Chichester
The Earl of Clancarty
Succeeded by The Earl of Chichester
Personal details
Born 4 September 1748 (1748-09-04)
Died 13 June 1823(1823-06-13) (aged 74)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Lady Emily Hill
(1750-1835)

James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury, KG PC (4 September 1748 – 13 June 1823), styled Viscount Cranborne until 1780 and known as The Earl of Salisbury between 1780 and 1789, was a British politician.

Background[edit]

Salisbury was the son of James Cecil, 6th Earl of Salisbury, and Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Keat.[1]

Political career[edit]

Salisbury was returned to Parliament for Great Bedwyn in 1774, a seat he held until 1780, and briefly represented Launceston and Plympton Erle in 1780. In the latter year he succeeded his father in the earldom of Salisbury and entered the House of Lords. He served under Lord North as Treasurer of the Household between 1780 and 1782 and under William Pitt the Younger and then Henry Addington as Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1783 and 1804. He was admitted to the Privy Council in 1780[2] and created Marquess of Salisbury, in the County of Wiltshire, in 1789.[3] He later served as Joint Postmaster General under Lord Liverpool from 1816 to 1823. He also held the honorary post of Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire between 1771 and 1823. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1793.

Family[edit]

Lord Salisbury married Lady Emily Mary, daughter of Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, on 2 December 1773. She became known as a sportswoman and influential society hostess. The couple had four children:

Lord Salisbury died in June 1823, aged 74, and was succeeded by his only son, James. The Marchioness of Salisbury died in a fire at Hatfield House in November 1835.[4]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Gentleman's Magazine: and Historical Chronicle From January To June 1823, Vol. XCIII (London: John Nichols and Son, 1823). Obituary Section, p. 563. googlebooks.com Accessed 28 October 2007
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
The Earl of Courtown
Paul Methuen
Member of Parliament for Great Bedwyn
17741780
With: Paul Methuen
Succeeded by
Paul Methuen
Merrick Burrell
Preceded by
Humphry Morice
John Buller
Member of Parliament for Launceston
1780
With: Thomas Bowlby
Succeeded by
Thomas Bowlby
Charles Perceval
Preceded by
John Durand
William Fullarton
Member of Parliament for Plympton Erle
1780
With: Sir Ralph Payne
Succeeded by
Sir Ralph Payne
James Archibald Stuart
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Onslow
Treasurer of the Household
1780 – 1782
Succeeded by
The Earl of Effingham
Preceded by
The Earl of Hertford
Lord Chamberlain
1783 – 1804
Succeeded by
The Earl of Dartmouth
Preceded by
The Earl of Chichester
The Earl of Clancarty
Postmaster-General
1816 – 1823
With: The Earl of Chichester
Succeeded by
The Earl of Chichester
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Essex
Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire
1771 – 1823
Succeeded by
The Earl of Verulam
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Marquess of Salisbury
1789 – 1823
Succeeded by
James Gascoyne-Cecil
Peerage of England
Preceded by
James Cecil
Earl of Salisbury
1780 – 1823
Succeeded by
James Gascoyne-Cecil