Thomas Pelham, 2nd Earl of Chichester

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Chichester
PC PC (Ire) FRS
2ndEarlOfChichester.jpg
Home Secretary
In office
30 July 1801 – 17 August 1803
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Henry Addington
Preceded by The Duke of Portland
Succeeded by Charles Philip Yorke
Personal details
Born (1756-04-28)28 April 1756
London, England
Died 4 July 1826(1826-07-04) (aged 70)
London, England
Nationality British
Political party Whig, later Tory
Spouse(s) Lady Mary Osborne
(1776-1862)
Alma mater Clare Hall, Cambridge

Thomas Pelham, 2nd Earl of Chichester PC, PC (Ire), FRS (28 April 1756 – 4 July 1826), styled The Honourable Thomas Pelham from 1768 until 1783, The Right Honourable Thomas Pelham from 1783 to 1801, and then known as Lord Pelham until 1805, was a British Whig politician. He notably held office as Home Secretary under Henry Addington from 1801 to 1803.

Background and education[edit]

Chichester was the eldest son of Thomas Pelham, 1st Earl of Chichester, and his wife Anne, daughter of Frederick Meinhardt Frankland. The Right Reverend George Pelham was his younger brother. He was educated at Westminster and Clare College, Cambridge.[1]

Political career[edit]

Chichester was surveyor-general of ordnance in Lord Rockingham's 2nd ministry (1782), and Chief Secretary for Ireland in the coalition ministry of 1783 (when he was also appointed to the Privy Council of Ireland). He represented Carrick in the Irish House of Commons from 1783 to 1790 and Clogher from 1795 to 1797. In 1795 he was sworn of the Privy Council and became Irish chief secretary under Pitt's government, retiring in 1798.

In the latter year he sat briefly for Naas before transferring to Armagh Borough, a seat he held only until the next year. He was Home Secretary from July 1801 to August 1803 under Addington, who made him Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1803. Pelham went out of office in 1804, and in the next year succeeded to the earldom. He was joint-Postmaster-General from 1807 to 1823, and for the remaining three years of his life Postmaster-General.

Family[edit]

Mary Henrietta Juliana Pelham née Osborne (Richard Cosway)

Lord Chichester married Lady Mary Henrietta Juliana, daughter of Francis Osborne, 5th Duke of Leeds, in 1801. They had three sons and three daughters. Their second son the Hon. Frederick Thomas Pelham was a naval commander while their third son the Right Reverend John Thomas Pelham was Bishop of Norwich. Lord Chichester died in July 1826, aged 70, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Henry. His daughter Lady Amelia Rose married Major General Sir Joshua Jebb, the Surveyor General of Prisons and designer of Pentonville Prison, the 'Model Prison', on 5 September 1854. The Countess of Chichester died in October 1862, aged 86.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pelham, the Hon. Thomas (PLHN773T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Lord George Henry Lennox
Sir Thomas Spencer Wilson
Member of Parliament for Sussex
17801801
With: Lord George Henry Lennox 1780–1790
Charles Lennox 1790–1801
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Robert Tighe
Edward King
Member of Parliament for Carrick
1783 – 1790
With: George Sandford 1783
Edward King 1783–1790
Succeeded by
Edward King
Hon. Nathaniel Clements
Preceded by
Sackville Hamilton
Richard Townsend Herbert
Member of Parliament for Clogher
1795 – 1798
With: Richard Townsend Herbert
Succeeded by
Sir John Tydd, 1st Bt
Thomas Burgh
Preceded by
Robert Hobart
Sackville Hamilton
Member of Parliament for Armagh Borough
1798 – 1799
With: Patrick Duigenan
Succeeded by
Patrick Duigenan
Gerard Lake
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Sussex
1801
With: Charles Lennox
Succeeded by
Charles Lennox
John 'Mad Jack' Fuller
Military offices
Preceded by
Charles Frederick
Surveyor-General of the Ordnance
1782–1783
Succeeded by
John Courtenay
Political offices
Preceded by
William Windham
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1783–1784
Succeeded by
Thomas Orde
Preceded by
Viscount Milton
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1795–1798
Succeeded by
Viscount Castlereagh
Preceded by
The Duke of Portland
Home Secretary
1801–1803
Succeeded by
Charles Philip Yorke
Preceded by
The Earl of Liverpool
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1803–1804
Succeeded by
The Lord Mulgrave
Preceded by
The Earl of Aylesford
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
1804
Succeeded by
The Earl of Macclesfield
Preceded by
Unknown
Postmaster-General
1807–1826
Succeeded by
The Lord Frederick Montagu
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Pelham
Earl of Chichester
1805–1826
Succeeded by
Henry Pelham
Baron Pelham of Stanmer
(writ in acceleration)

1801–1826