Japanese House of Councillors election, 2013

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Japanese House of Councillors election, 2013
Japan
2010 ←
July 21, 2013
→ 2016

121 (of the 242) seats in the House of Councillors
  First party Second party
  Shinzo Abe cropped.JPG Banri Kaieda Minshu IMG 5409 20130706.JPG
Leader Shinzō Abe Banri Kaieda
Party Liberal Democratic Democratic
Last election 84 seats
33.4% (prefectural)
24.1% (proportional)
106 seats
39.0% (prefectural)
31.6% (proportional)
Seats before 84 85
Seats won 115 59
Seat change Increase31 Decrease26
Popular vote 22,681,192 (prefectural)
18,460,404 (proportional)
8,646,371 (prefectural)
7,268,653 (proportional)
Percentage 42.7% (prefectural)
34.7% (proportional)
16.3% (prefectural)
13.4% (proportional)

JapanCE2013.svg

Seats won by parties

President of the House of Councillors before election

Kenji Hirata
Democratic

Elected President of the House of Councillors

Masaaki Yamazaki
Liberal Democratic

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Japan

The 23rd Elections to the House of Councillors (第23回参議院議員通常選挙 Dainijūsankai Sangiingiin Tsūjōsenkyo?, "23rd regular/ordinary election of members of the House of Councillors") for the upper house of the National Diet, the legislature of Japan, was held on July 21, 2013. In the last election in 2010, the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) remained the largest party, but the DPJ-led ruling coalition lost its majority. The House of Councillors is elected by halves to six year terms. In 2013, the class of Councillors elected in 2007 will be up.

Background[edit]

Japan had been in a "twisted parliament" situation since 2007, in which neither major party controlled both houses of the Diet of Japan, leading to political paralysis on a number of issues. Shinzo Abe led the Liberal Democratic Party to victory in the December 2012 general election after several years in the opposition. In campaigning to win control of the House of Councillors, Abe sought to resolve the "twisted parliament" problem for the next three years.[1]

Just prior to the election, the U.S. dollar fell against the yen on expectations of more momentum for Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's aggressive monetary easing to fight deflation and boost growth for the export-dominant economy of Japan.[2] Abe's LDP and its coalition partner, the New Komeito party, were tipped to win a majority and end years of parliamentary stalemate so as to enable economic reforms. However, his critics suggested that a strong mandate could even make Abe complacent.[3]

Opinion polling for proportional seats[edit]

In the run up to the election, various organizations conducted opinion polls to gauge voting intentions for the 48 proportional seats. Polls are listed in chronological order, showing the oldest first.

Date Institute
LDP DPJ JRP NKP YP PLP JCP U/O
9-10 March TBS/JNN 37.5% 8.1% 3.6% 2.2% 2.7% - 2.2% 43.7%
23-24 March Fuji News Network 41.8% 5.3% 9.6% - 4.7% - - -
April Kyodo News 48.2% 6.7% 10.4% 3.9% 4.5% 0.5% 3.2% 22.6%
18-19 May Kyodo News 44.4% 6.8% 5.7% 4.4% 5.2% 0.3% 3.1% 30.1%
1-2 June Kyodo News 44.6% 7.9% 4.5% 6.4% 4.0% 0.3% 2.6% 29.7%
8-9 June Asahi Shimbun[4] 45% 7% 5% 5% 6% - 4% 28%
8-10 June Yomiuri Shimbun[5] 44% 7% 5% 5% 4% - 3% 32%
29-30 June Mainichi Shimbun[6] 45% 8% 5% 6% 7% - 4% 25%
29-30 June Asahi Shimbun[7] 44% 7% 7% 4% 7% - 5% 26%
2 July Yomiuri Shimbun[5] 42% 9% 5% 6% 5% - 4% 29%
13-14 July Asahi Shimbun[8] 43% 6% 6% 8% 6% - 6% 25%
13-14 July Kyodo News[9] 30.6% 7.4% 4.9% 7.0% 3.3% - 3.8% 43%
13-14 July Mainichi Shimbun[10] 37% 7% 8% 8% 8% - 4% 28%
17 July Nihon Keizai Shimbun[11] 39% 10% 8% 8% 7% - 6% 22%

Note:

  • U/O: Undecided or Other

Pre-election composition[edit]

Note: Composition as of July 13, 2013.[12]

62 44 28 5 10 34 59
Opposition seats not up DPJ seats up O V NK LDP seats up Coalition seats not up

Results[edit]

62 17 28 11 65 59
Opposition seats not up DPJ O NK Seats won by LDP Coalition seats not up


e • d Summary of the 21 July 2013 Japanese House of Councillors election results[13]
Alliances and parties Prefectural constituency vote National PR vote Not up Total seats +/−
Votes[14]  % Seats Votes  % Seats Total  % (pre-
election)
(last
election)
   Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Jimintō – 自民党 22,681,192 42.7 47 18,460,404 34.7 18 50 115 47.5 Increase31 Increase31
New Komeito Party (NKP) Kōmeitō – 公明党 2,724,447 5.1 4 7,568,080 14.2 7 9 20 8.3 Increase1 Increase1
LDP–NKP Coalition 25,405,639 47.8 51 26,028,484 48.9 25 59 135 55.8 Increase32 Increase32
   Democratic Party (DPJ) Minshutō – 民主党 8,646,371 16.3 10 7,268,653 13.4 7 42 59 24.4 Decrease27 Decrease47
Restoration Party (JRP) Ishin no Kai – 日本維新の会 3,846,649 7.2 2 6,355,299 11.9 6 1 9 3.7 Increase6 New (Increase9)[15]
Communist Party (JCP) Kyōsantō – 共産党 5,645,937 10.6 3 5,154,055 9.7 5 3 11 4.5 Increase5 Increase5
Your Party (YP) Minna no Tō – みんなの党 4,159,961 7.8 4 4,755,160 8.9 4 10 18 7.4 Increase5 Increase7
Social Democratic Party (SDP) Shamintō – 社民党 271,547 0.5 0 1,255,235 2.4 1 2 3 1.2 Decrease1 Decrease1
Others 5,096,372 9.7 1[16] 2,547,160[17] 4.8 0 3 4[18] 1.6 Decrease12[19] Decrease6[20]
Independents 2 1 3 1.2 Decrease3 Increase1
Total opposition parties 27,666,837 52.2 22 27,335,562 51.1 23 62 107 44.2 Decrease27 Decrease32
Totals 53,072,476 100.0 73 52,816,886 100.0 48 121 242 100.0 Increase5* Steady0
Turnout 52.61% 52.61% *(vacant seats)

The ruling coalition won 76 seats and now holds a total of 135 seats in the House of Councillors ending the divided Diet.

Of the 31 single-member districts the LDP won 29; only in Iwate and Okinawa, opposition incumbents could hold their seats. The ten two-member districts elected ten LDP and ten opposition members; in several prefectures the second seat went to parties other than the DPJ: In Hyōgo to the JRP, in Miyagi to YP and in Kyōto to the JCP. Twelve of the 22 seats in three-, four and five-member districts went to LDP and Kōmeitō candidates. In the nationwide proportional race, the coalition parties won 25 seats, the opposition parties 23.

Results summary[edit]

Parties LDP NK DPJ PNP YP JCP JRP SDP PLP NRP OSMP GW NPD Others Indep. Subtotal Subtotal Vacant Total
Last election (2010) Opposition Government Opposition Split Opposition Government
84 19 106 3 11 6 3SPJ 4 2 1 1HRP 2 131 110 242
After 2012 House of Representatives election
Opening session 182nd Diet
Government Opposition Split Government Opposition
83 19 88 3 11 6 3 4 8 2 1 4 2 0 2 103 133 6 242
Before this election
Closing session 183rd Diet
Government Opposition Government Opposition
84 19 86 13 6 3 4 8 2 1 4 1 6 103 134 5 242
Not Up 50 9 42 10 3 1 2 2 1 1 59 62 121
Up Total 34 10 44 3 3 2 2 6 1 1 4 1 5 44 72 5 121
29 single-member districts 6 10 1 1 1 2 4 6 19 4 29
2 two-member districts
reapportioned to one seat
1 2 1 2 1 4
10 two-member districts 10 8 2 10 10 20
Three- and five-member districts
Two 3-member districts reapportioned to 4 seats
5 3 8 2 1 1 8 12 20
Nationwide proportional 12 7 16 3 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 19 29 48
Candidates Total 78 21 55 34 63 44 9 11 1 8 11 71 27 99 334 433
31 single-member districts 31 19 5 30 2 1 2 1 2 32 14 31 108 139
10 two-member districts 10 10 8 10 7 1 2 1 12 2 10 53 63
Three-, four- and five-member districts 8 4 6 6 6 5 3 1 3 1 15 11 12 57 69
Nationwide proportional 29 17 20 15 17 30 4 6 3 9 12 46 116 162
Elected Total 65 11 17 8 8 8 1 1 2 76 45 121
31 single-member districts 29 1 1 29 2 31
10 two-member districts 10 7 1 1 1 10 10 20
Three-, four- and five-member districts 8 4 3 3 2 1 1 12 10 22
Nationwide proportional 18 7 7 4 5 6 1 25 23 48
Result 115 20 59 18 11 9 3 2 1 1 3 135 107 242
Opening session 184th Diet
(by parliamentary group)
114
(113)
20
(20)
59
(58)
18
(18)
11
(11)
9
(9)
3
(3)
2
(2)
1
(3)
1
(—)
3
(4)
134
 
107
 
1
 
242
 

Differences between party and parliamentary group membership in the post-election opening session: Two independents caucus with the NRP, President Masaaki Yamazaki (LDP – Fukui), Vice-President Azuma Koshiishi (DPJ – Yamanashi) and Keiko Itokazu (OSMP – Okinawa) are independents in terms of parliamentary group.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fackler, Martin (21 July 2013). "Election Win by Ruling Party Signals Change in Japan". New York Times. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/07/19/us-markets-forex-idUSBRE96D0FO20130719?feedType=RSS&virtualBrandChannel=11563
  3. ^ http://www.cnbc.com/id/100895029
  4. ^ "59% oppose Abe's nuclear power policy". Asahi Shimbun. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "42% favor LDP in upper house vote". Yomiuri Shimbun. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "45% will vote for LDP in upper house's proportional segment". The Mainichi. 1 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Support for Abenomics wanes; LDP maintains lead". Asahi Shimbun. 1 July 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "36% want LDP to gain majority". Asahi Shimbun. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Ruiling bloc likely to achieve majority in upper house election". Kyodo News. 17 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Proportional representation block support for LDP drops 8 points". The Mainichi. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Ruiling Bloc Cruising To Majority". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 17 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  12. ^ House of Councillors: [1]
  13. ^ Final results. NHK. 17 December 2012.
  14. ^ Decimals from fractional votes (ambunhyō) rounded to full numbers
  15. ^ Increase6 compared to precursor Sunrise Party of Japan
  16. ^ Okinawa Socialist Mass Party
  17. ^ People's Life Party 943,836, New Party Daichi 523,146, Green Party 457,862, Green Wind 430,673, Happiness Realization Party 191,643
  18. ^ People's Life Party, 2, New Renaissance Party 1, Okinawa Socialist Mass Party 1
  19. ^ People's Life Party Decrease6, Okinawa Socialist Mass Party Steady, New Renaissance Party Decrease1, Green Wind Decrease4, New Party Daichi Decrease1, Others Steady
  20. ^ Decrease9 if Sunrise Party of Japan is included

External links[edit]