Jeongjong, 3rd Monarch of Goryeo

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"This article is about the 3rd monarch of the Goryeo Dynasty in Korea, King Jeongjong. For the 10th Korean monarch during the Goryeo Dynasty, see Jeongjong II of Goryeo."
Jeongjong, 3rd Monarch of Goryeo
Hangul 정종
Hanja 定宗
Revised Romanization Jeongjong
McCune–Reischauer Chŏngjong
Birth name
Hangul 왕요
Hanja 王堯
Revised Romanization Wang Yo
McCune–Reischauer Wang Yo


Jeonjong of Goryeo (923 – 13 April 949) (r. 946–949) was the third monarch of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the second son of King Taejo, the founder of the kingdom, and was born more than a decade before Goryeo was formally established. His mother was the daughter of a noble from the Chungju region, Yu Geung-dal.

Jeongjong rose to the throne after his half-brother King Hyejong, and set to reducing the power of various royal in-laws, including Wang Gyu and Pak Sul-hui. However, lacking the support of the Gaegyeong elites, he was unable to substantially strengthen the throne.

In 946, he spent 70,000 sacks of grain from the royal storehouses to support Buddhism in the country. In 947, he had the fortress of Pyongyang constructed as the country's Western Capital. He sought to move the capital from Gaegyeong to there, but was not successful.

Monarchs of Korea
Goryeo
  1. Taejo 918–943
  2. Hyejong 943–945
  3. Jeongjong 945–949
  4. Gwangjong 949–975
  5. Gyeongjong 975–981
  6. Seongjong 981–997
  7. Mokjong 997–1009
  8. Hyeonjong 1009–1031
  9. Deokjong 1031–1034
  10. Jeongjong II 1034–1046
  11. Munjong 1046–1083
  12. Sunjong 1083
  13. Seonjong 1083–1094
  14. Heonjong 1094–1095
  15. Sukjong 1095–1105
  16. Yejong 1105–1122
  17. Injong 1122–1146
  18. Uijong 1146–1170
  19. Myeongjong 1170–1197
  20. Sinjong 1197–1204
  21. Huijong 1204–1211
  22. Gangjong 1211–1213
  23. Gojong 1213–1259
  24. Wonjong 1259–1274
  25. Chungnyeol 1274–1308
  26. Chungseon 1308–1313
  27. Chungsuk 1313–1330
    1332–1339
  28. Chunghye 1330–1332
    1339–1344
  29. Chungmok 1344–1348
  30. Chungjeong 1348–1351
  31. Gongmin 1351–1374
  32. U 1374–1388
  33. Chang 1388–1389
  34. Gongyang 1389–1392

Family[edit]

  • Father: King Taejo (태조)
  • Mother: Queen Sinmyeongsunseong (신명순성왕후)
  • Consorts:
  1. Queen Mungong (문공왕후)
  2. Queen Munseong (문성왕후)
  3. Lady Cheongjunamwon
  • Children:
  1. Prince Gyeongchunwon (경춘원군), 1st Son of Queen Munseong.
  2. Unknown Princess

See also[edit]

Jeongjong, 3rd Monarch of Goryeo
Born: 923 Died: 949
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Hyejong
King of Goryeo
945–949
Succeeded by
Gwangjong