Goethe University Frankfurt
|Goethe University Frankfurt am Main|
|Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main|
|Endowment||€ 518 Million (2011)|
|Academic staff||535 (2009)|
|Students||38,000 (4100 International students) (2009)|
|Location||Frankfurt am Main, Germany|
The Goethe University Frankfurt (full German name: Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main) is a university which was founded in 1914 as a Citizens' University, which means that, while it was a State university of Prussia, it had been founded and financed by the wealthy and active liberal citizenry of Frankfurt am Main, a unique feature in German university history. It was named in 1932 after one of the most famous natives of Frankfurt, the poet and writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Today, the university has 46,000 students, on 4 major campuses within the city.
The university is located on four campuses in Frankfurt am Main:
- Campus Bockenheim: Mathematics, Computer science, Art history, Fine Arts
- Campus Riedberg: Pharmacy, Physics, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Geosciences and Geography
- Campus Westend: Social sciences, Pedagogy, Psychology, Theology, Philosophy, History, Philology, Archaeology, Law, Economics and Business Administration, Human geography
- Campus Niederrad: Medical science, Dentistry, University hospital
Other facilities include the university sports complex on Ginnheimer Landstraße in Frankfurt-Bockenheim, the Bio Campus which houses the Botanic Garden of Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main at the Palmengarten in Frankfurt.
The University of Frankfurt has at times been considered liberal, or left-leaning, and has had a reputation for Jewish and Marxist scholarship (or even Jewish-Marxist). Thus, during Nazi times, "almost one third of its academics and many of its students were dismissed for racial and/or political reasons—more than at any other German university". It also played a major part in the German student riots of 1968.
The University of Frankfurt is historically best known for the Institute for Social Research (founded 1924), institutional home of the Frankfurt School, a preeminent 20th century school of philosophy and social thought. Some of the University of Frankfurt scholars are associated with this school, including Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Jürgen Habermas, as well as Herbert Marcuse, Erich Fromm, and Walter Benjamin. Others include the sociologist Karl Mannheim, the philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer, the philosophers of religion Franz Rosenzweig, Martin Buber, and Paul Tillich, the psychologist Max Wertheimer, and the sociologist Norbert Elias.
In recent years, Goethe University has turned its attention especially to law, history and economics, creating new institutes, such as the Institute for Law and Finance (ILF) and the Center for Financial Studies (CFS). One of the university's ambitions is to become Germany's leading university for finance and economics, given the school's proximity to one of Europe's financial centers. The Goethe Business School offers a M.B.A. program, in cooperation with Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business. Goethe university has established an international award for research in financial economics, the Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics.
Frankfurt University’s “Campus Westend” is dominated by the IG Farben Building by architect Hans Poelzig, an example of neoclassicist architecture. The style for the IG Farben Building was originally chosen as "a symbol for the scientific and mercantile German manpower, made out of iron and stone", as the IG Farben director at the time of the construction, Baron von Schnitzler, stated in his opening speech of October 1930.
When Frankfurt University took over the complex, the same style was also adopted for several new buildings. On 30 May 2008, the House of Finance relocated to a new building designed by the architects Kleihues+Kleihues, following the style of the IG Farben Building. The upper floors of the House of Finance building have several separate offices as well as shared office space for researchers and students. The ground floor is open to the public and welcomes visitors with a spacious, naturally lit foyer that leads to lecture halls, seminar rooms, and the information center, a 24-hour reference library. The ground floor also accommodates computer rooms and a café. The floors, walls and ceiling of the foyer are decorated with a grid design that is continued throughout the entire building. The flooring is inspired by Raphael's mural, The School of Athens.
Goethe Business School
The Goethe Business School is a graduate business school at the university, established in 2004, part of the House of Finance at the Westend Campus. it is a non-profit foundation under private law held by the university. The Chairman of the Board at GBS, Rolf E. Breuer, is former Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Deutsche Bank. Goethe Business School has a partnership in Executive Education with the Indian School of Business (ISB) in Hyderabad.
The Deutsche Bank Prize
The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics honors renowned researchers who have made influential contributions to the fields of finance and money and macroeconomics, and whose work has led to practical and policy-relevant results. It is awarded biannually, since 2005, by the Center for Financial Studies, in partnership with Goethe University Frankfurt. The award carries an endowment of €50,000, which is donated by the Stiftungsfonds Deutsche Bank im Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft.
Notable faculty (excerpt)
- Theodor W. Adorno (1903–1969), double Ordinarius of philosophy and sociology and member of the Frankfurt School
- Max Horkheimer, member of the Frankfurt School
- Jürgen Habermas, sociologist and a philosopher
- Hans Bethe, theoretical physicist (Nobel Prize 1967)
- Max Born, theoretical physicist and mathematician (Nobel Prize 1954)
- Klaus Bringmann, scientist
- Rolf van Dick, social psychologist
- Paul Ehrlich, Nobel Prize Winner 1908
- Walter Gerlach, theoretical physicist
- Walter Hallstein (1901–1982), first President of the European Commission
- Helmut Kiener, psychologist turned investment professional, founder of the ponzi scheme K1 fund
- Vladimir Košak, economist, lawyer, politician and diplomat
- Josef Mengele, officer and a physician in the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz
- Boudewijn Sirks, Professor of the History of Ancient Law from 1997 to 2005, later Regius Professor of Civil Law at Oxford
- Walter Greiner, theoretical physicist in high energy physics
- Horst Stöcker, theoretical physicist
- Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, chemist
Nobel Prize Winners (Alumni & Faculty)
- Reinhard Selten
- Horst Ludwig Störmer
- Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
- Günter Blobel
- Gerd Binnig
- Hans Bethe
- Alexander Robertus Todd
- Max von Laue
- Karl Ziegler
- Max Born
- Otto Stern
- Paul Karrer
- Paul Ehrlich
- Hartmut Michel
- New York Times: Among the World's 10 best Universities by employer choice. By far the best German University and the best University in Continental Europe. Goethe University was ranked 10 out of 150 top universities in 2012
- ARWU World (Shanghai Rankings): 101-150
- QS World University Rankings: 182
- Times Higher Education World University Rankings: 197
- QS World University Rankings of 2012 ranked Goethe University Frankfurt 201st in the world. Its individual subject rankings were: 106th in Arts & Humanities, 154th in Life Sciences & Biomedicine, 207th in Natural Sciences, and 101st in Social Sciences.
Points of interest
- Botanischer Garten der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, a botanical garden
- IG Farben Building
- "House of Finance Endowment". Hof.uni-frankfurt.de. Retrieved 2011-09-26.
- uni-frankfurt.de: Data 2009. December 2009
- "Nobel prize Physics laureates".
- "Leibniz Prize Laureates".
- "Die Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität auf dem Weg zur führenden Wirtschaftshochschule in Deutschland" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-09-26.
- "Global Companies Rank Universities". New York Times. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2012". Retrieved 3 December 2012.
- "QS World University Rankings 2010 Results".