John Hope (educator)
June 2, 1868|
|Died||February 22, 1936
John Hope was the son of James Hope, a white Scottish merchant, born in Langholm, Scotland in 1805. The senior Hope arrived in New York City in 1817, establishing a successful grocery business in Manhattan, before moving south to Augusta in 1831. John's mother was Mary Frances Taylor, who was free-born; her mother had secured their freedom well before the Civil War. John Hope was light skinned, and may have been able to pass for white, but did not. Mindful of his black heritage, he identified with the black community.
Education and career
Hope graduated from Worcester Academy in 1890 and then from Brown University in 1894. He went on to teach at Roger Williams University (Nashville, Tennessee). On December 29, 1897 he married the former Lugenia D. Burns, who would become a well-known social reformer. In 1898, he became professor of Classics at Atlanta Baptist College, (now Morehouse College), a historically black college.
Hope joined W. E. B. Du Bois and William Monroe Trotter as founders of the Niagara Movement. He was also active in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and was considered a race leader.
In 1906 Hope was unanimously chosen to be president of Atlanta Baptist College, the first black to be selected. In 1913 it was renamed to Morehouse College. Hope remained president until his death in 1936. In 1928, Morehouse and Spelman College became affiliated with Atlanta University, also a historically black college. At Atlanta University, Hope concentrated on building the program for graduate studies to ensure high achieving black scholars a place.
In 1932, Hope received an LL.D. from Bates College.
Hope's great-great-granddaughter Leah Hope is a GA reporter for WLS-TV in Chicago. There is also a school named in his honor called John Hope College Preparatory High School, located at 5515 S. Lowe, in the Englewood neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois.
- "John Hope", New Georgia Encyclopedia, accessed 30 May 2009
- Yenser, Thomas (editor and publisher) (1933). Who's Who in Colored America (3rd Edition). Brooklyn, New York: Who's Who in Colored America. p. 218.
- NAACP Spingarn Medal Winners
- Wesley, Dr. Charles H. (1981) . "The Widening Social Program". The History of Alpha Phi Alpha, A Development in College Life. Foundation. p. 224. ASIN B000ESQ14W.