John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Lisgar
Bt GCB GCMG PC
John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar.png
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
1 March 1853 – 30 January 1855
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Aberdeen
Preceded by Lord Naas
Succeeded by Edward Horsman
12th Governor of New South Wales
In office
1861–1867
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir William Denison
Succeeded by The Earl Belmore
2nd Governor General of Canada
In office
1869–1872
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald
Preceded by The Viscount Monck
Succeeded by The Earl of Dufferin
Personal details
Born 31 August 1807 (1807-08-31)
Bombay, India
Died 6 October 1876 (1876-10-07)
Nationality British and Irish
Spouse(s) Adelaide Dalton (d. 1895)

John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar Bt GCB GCMG PC (31 August 1807 – 6 October 1876), was the second Governor General of Canada, in office from 1869 to 1872. From 1848 to 1870 he was known as Sir John Young, 2nd Bt..

Biography[edit]

Young was born into an Anglo-Irish family in Bombay, India, eldest son of Sir William Young, 1st Baronet of Bailieborough, who was a director of the East India Company. He was educated at Eton and Corpus Christi College, Oxford, graduating in 1829 and was called to the bar in 1834. He married Adelaide Annabella Tuite Dalton in 1835.[1]

In 1831 he became a Member of Parliament, as member for the county of Cavan in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, a position he held for 24 years. In 1841 he was a Lord of the Treasury for Sir Robert Peel, Secretary of the Treasury in 1844 and Chief Secretary for Ireland from 1852 to 1855.[2] Young was appointed Lord High Commissioner to the Ionian Islands in 1855. His secret despatches recommending that the islands become a British colony were leaked, leading to his recall in 1859.[1]

Young was appointed Governor of New South Wales in 1860 and was immediately confronted by a crisis stemming from the attempt by the Secretary for Lands, John Robertson to push radical land legislation through the Parliament. This legislation was passionately opposed by the majority of the Legislative Council. Young agreed to the request of the Premier, Charles Cowper to swamp the Council with new 21 appointees to get the legislation through, although in fact sufficient members of the Council resigned that a quorum could not be formed, forcing it to be prorogued and replaced by a new Council with appointed life members. In due course this passed the land legislation. The rest of his term in New South Wales was less eventful.[1]

Young assumed the office of Governor General of Canada in 1868, when it was vacated by his predecessor (and fellow Irishman), the 4th Viscount Monck, but did not officially take up the position until his swearing in on 2 February 1869. After the end of his term in 1872, he returned to Ireland.

He was raised to the peerage as Baron Lisgar, of Lisgar and Bailieborough in the County of Cavan on 26 October 1870.[3]

He died on 6 October 1876 at Lisgar House (also known as Castle House), near Bailieborough in County Cavan, Ireland, survived by his wife.[1] Lord and Lady Lisgar are buried in Bailieborough Church of Ireland Graveyard, Bailieborough, County Cavan.

Family[edit]

Lady Lisgar by William James Topley

John Young married, on 8 April 1835, Adelaide Annabella Dalton, daughter of Edward Tuite Dalton, Esquire, of Fermor, County Meath, Ireland, and his wife, Olivia, daughter of Sir John Stevenson (who married, secondly, The 2nd Marquess of Headfort, K.P., P.C.). She was born in 1821. Her husband was raised to the peerage, as Baron Lisgar on 2 November 1870. After his Lordship died on 6 October 1876, Adelaide, Baroness Lisgar, remarried. She married her second husband on 3 August 1878 – 20 December 1889, Sir Francis Charles Fortescue Turville, K.C.M.G., of Bosworth Hall, Leicestershire. She married her third husband, Henry Trueman Mills, of Lubenham, Market Harborough. She died at Paris on 19 July 1895.[4]

Legacy[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d . Ward, John M. Ward (1967). "Young, Sir John [Baron Lisgar] (1807 - 1876)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 1 February 2010. 
  2. ^ "HIS EXCELLENCY SIR JOHN YOUNG, K.C.B., G.C.M.G. GOVERNOR OF NEW SOUTH WALES.". Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 16 April 1867. p. 3. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23667. p. 4414. 11 October 1870.
  4. ^ Morgan, Henry James Types of Canadian women and of women who are or have been connected with Canada : (Toronto, 1903) [1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alexander Saunderson
Member of Parliament for Cavan
1831–1855
Succeeded by
Robert Burrowes
Political offices
Preceded by
Alexander Perceval
Junior Lord of the Treasury
1841–1844
Succeeded by
The Lord Arthur Lennox
Preceded by
Sir Denis Le Marchnat
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1844–1845
Succeeded by
Edward Cardwell
Preceded by
Sir George Clerk
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
1845–1846
Succeeded by
Henry Tufnell
Preceded by
Lord Naas
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1853–1855
Succeeded by
Edward Horsman
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir William Denison
Governor of New South Wales
1861–1867
Succeeded by
The Earl Belmore
Preceded by
The Viscount Monck
Governor General of Canada
1869–1872
Succeeded by
The Earl of Dufferin
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Marquess of Headfort
Lord Lieutenant of Cavan
1871–1876
Succeeded by
The Earl of Lanesborough
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Lisgar
1870–1876
Extinct
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir William Young
Baronet
(of Bailieborough)
1848–1876
Succeeded by
Sir William Young