|5th Premier of Quebec|
31 October 1879 – 29 July 1882
|Preceded by||Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière|
|Succeeded by||Joseph-Alfred Mousseau|
|Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Terrebonne|
|Preceded by||Provincial district created in 1867|
|Succeeded by||Guillaume-Alphonse Nantel|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament
|Preceded by||Guillaume-Alphonse Nantel|
|Succeeded by||Pierre-Julien Leclair|
|Lieutenant Governor of Quebec|
|Preceded by||Auguste-Réal Angers|
|Succeeded by||Louis-Amable Jetté|
November 9, 1840|
Sainte-Thérèse, Lower Canada
|Died||June 13, 1898
|Political party||Conservative Party of Quebec|
|Cabinet||Solicitor General (1873-1874)
Minister Without Portfolio (1876-1878)
Provincial Secretary (1876-1878)
Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works (1879-1881)
Commissioner of Railways (1880-1881)
Secretary of State of Canada (1882-1892)
Minister of Customs (1892)
After the 1878 Quebec election, he was the Leader of the Opposition. He became premier in 1879 after the fall of the minority government of Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière. He won the 1881 election, but resigned on July 29, 1882 to seek election to the federal House of Commons. He won a by-election held on August 16, 1882.
Chapleau planned to quit politics in 1885 when Louis Riel was sentenced to be hanged but decided to stay, fearing it would only inflame the situation. After Riel was hanged, he was attacked by Quebecers who accused him of the death of Riel along with John A. Macdonald.
He served as cabinet minister under prime ministers John A. Macdonald and John Abbott, but declined to serve under John Thompson. He resigned in 1892, and was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Quebec from December 1892 until January 1898. He died in June of that same year in Montreal.
Elections as party leader
He won the 1881 election.
- "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
- Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
- Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau – Parliament of Canada biography