Kabala, Sierra Leone

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Kabala
The All Peoples Congress (APC) political rally in Kabala
The All Peoples Congress (APC) political rally in Kabala
Kabala is located in Sierra Leone
Kabala
Kabala
Location in Sierra Leone
Coordinates: 9°35′N 11°33′W / 9.583°N 11.550°W / 9.583; -11.550
Country Sierra Leone
Province Northern Province
District Koinadugu District
Population (2010)
 • Total 35,074
Time zone GMT (UTC-5)
Kabala

Kabala is the capital and largest town of Koinadugu District in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. Kabala is one of the main towns in Northern Sierra Leone and is set in a rural landscape, surrounded by mountains[2][3].

Kabala lies approximately 85 miles (137 km) north-east of Makeni, the largest city in the north, and approximately 200 miles (320 km)[4] east of the capital Freetown.[1] The population of Kabala was 14,108 in the 2004 census,[2] and a current estimate of 35,074. The population of Kabala is largely muslim.

Kabala is an agricultural center and lies on the far north of Sierra Leone, with close proximity to Kono District and the international border with Guinea . Kabala is one of the largest towns in Sierra Leone in total land area; but is less densely populated.

Kabala is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in Sierra Leone, with no single ethnic group forming a majority. Like the rest of Koinadugu District, the inhabitant of Kabala are largely from the Kuranko, Mandingo, Yalunka, Limba and Fula ethnic groups.

Sierra Leone's president Ernest Bai Koroma celebrate 2012 new year in Kabala.[3] President Koroma held a townhall meeting at the Yogomaia Field in Kabala and attended new year church services at the Holy Martyrs Catholic Church in the town [5].

History[edit]

After the Anglo-Franco settlement of 1895, the British colonial administration post was moved from Falaba to Kabala, then an insignificant village not shown on the detailed maps of the British. Kabala is a place name in the Limba and Fula languages literally meaning 'at Bala' or 'Bala's place.' Both languages utilizes the prefix 'ka-' as a place identifier. Postmarks on King George VI postage stamps use the spelling Kaballa. The town incorporates two chiefdom centers: Gbawuria the center for the Limba chiefdom of Wara Wara Yagala and Yogomaia the center for the Koranko chiefdom of Sengbe. With respect to native governance, Kabala is split between the Limba and Koranko Paramount Chiefs. Kabala grew rapidly under British rule. Traders and merchants were attracted to this colonial administrative town from the 1930s, and, after 1947, shop premises were opened by Lebanese traders.

All People's Congress political rally, 1968

In 2000 the United Nations reported that, after the Civil War, "Kabala, in the north, life appears to be returning to normal following fighting". In 2002 newspapers reported a visit to the town by "Bangladesh's visiting foreign minister", suggesting that the town had sufficiently recovered for it to be shown to important overseas visitors.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kabala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
34.8
(94.6)
35.0
(95)
33.4
(92.1)
31.5
(88.7)
29.6
(85.3)
28.0
(82.4)
27.7
(81.9)
28.8
(83.8)
31.1
(88)
30.4
(86.7)
31.4
(88.5)
31.2
(88.16)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
27.0
(80.6)
27.8
(82)
27.3
(81.1)
26.2
(79.2)
24.8
(76.6)
23.8
(74.8)
23.9
(75)
23.9
(75)
24.4
(75.9)
24.7
(76.5)
23.6
(74.5)
25.18
(77.32)
Average low °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
19.2
(66.6)
21.0
(69.8)
21.2
(70.2)
21.5
(70.7)
20.9
(69.6)
20.7
(69.3)
20.7
(69.3)
20.5
(68.9)
20.3
(68.5)
19.5
(67.1)
16.4
(61.5)
19.88
(67.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3.9
(0.154)
8.9
(0.35)
30.4
(1.197)
97.2
(3.827)
192.9
(7.594)
284.8
(11.213)
319.4
(12.575)
386.8
(15.228)
383.3
(15.091)
291.4
(11.472)
73.7
(2.902)
4.7
(0.185)
2,077.4
(81.788)
Avg. precipitation days 0 1 2 7 14 19 24 27 24 21 6 1 146
 % humidity 66 71 73 78 79 89 92 92 92 90 90 76 82.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 241.8 226.8 244.9 219.0 207.7 168.0 136.4 114.7 147.0 192.2 210.0 226.3 2,334.8
Source #1: Hong Kong Observatory[4]
Source #2: NOAA [5]

Demography[edit]

The population of Kabala is predominantly muslim. Kabala is one of the most ethnically diverse town in Sierra Leone. The population is largely from the Fula, Kuranko, Mandingo, Temne, Yalunka and Limba ethnic group.

Media[edit]

Bintumani 93.7 is the local radio station that serves Kabala and the rest of Koinadugu District. Sierra Leone's national radio and television stations, SLBS are on the air in the city, as well as The BBC world service, CNN International, and several other private stations are on the air for those who have satellite.

Education[edit]

There are government-recognised secondary schools, all of which have religious affiliations. There is a new Islamic school, the Kabala Islamic Secondary School, which is as yet unrecognised.

Sport[edit]

Like the rest of Sierra Leone, football is by far the most popular sport in Kabala. The city major football team is the Bintumani Scorpions. The club currently playing in the Sierra Leone Nationwide First Division, the second highest football league in Sierra Leone. Kabala Secondary School is the biggest and oldest Secondary School. It was founded by Catholic Missionaries.

Industries and infrastructure[edit]

The town is known for its cloth and tailoring, and especially for the making of the "ronko" gown, a traditional Limba and Koranko war shirt which is believed to have supernatural powers. There is no electricity other than individual generators. There are medical facilities, the government hospital and two clinics. There are a number of traditional circular hut settlements on the outskirts, but mostly the buildings are single-story tin & brick.

The surrounding landscape is agriculturally rich, and there is seasonal rice-planting.

There is an 80-mile bus service from Makeni, but the surfaced highway peters out some 25 miles (40 km) from Kabala and forms a winding dirt track.

There is a Central Business District and roofed market, with large well-stocked Lebanese-run stores. The market serves as an unofficial social centre as well as a trading centre. There is a community bank which houses a branch of the Western Union in the town.

Leisure[edit]

There is a cinema, and a traditional New Year's Day picnic on Gbawuria Hill to the west of the town.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weekend in Kabala
  2. ^ Sesay, Ibrahim Mohamed; Karama, Andrew A.; Ngobeh, Jinnah J. (November 2006), 2004 Population and Housing Census:Analytical Report on Population Distribution, Migration and Urbanisation in Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone: Statistics Sierra Leone, p. 73, retrieved 2008-07-25 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Climatological Information for Kabala, Sierra Leone". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Kabala Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 

Coordinates: 9°35′N 11°33′W / 9.583°N 11.550°W / 9.583; -11.550