King's College School

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King's College School
KCS Wimbledon Logo.png
Motto Sancte Et Sapienter
(Latin: With Holiness and Wisdom)
Established 1829
Type Independent school
Religion Church of England
Head Master Andrew Halls
Visitor The Archbishop of Canterbury ex officio
Chairman of Governors J.M. Jarvis QC
Founder King George IV
Location Wimbledon Common
London
SW19 4TT
United Kingdom
Local authority London Borough of Merton
DfE number 315/6000
DfE URN 102684 Tables
Students ~750 Senior School
~450 Junior School
Gender Boys
Coeducational (Sixth Form)
Ages 7–18
Houses      Alverstone
     Glenesk
     Kingsley
     Layton
     Maclear
     Major
Colours Blue and Red         
Former pupils Old King's
Website www.kcs.org.uk

King's College School, commonly referred to as KCS, King's, or KCS Wimbledon, is an independent school located in Wimbledon in south-west London, United Kingdom. The school was founded as the junior department of King's College London and occupied part of its premises in Strand, before relocating to Wimbledon in 1897. It is a member of the Eton Group of schools. In September 2010, KCS admitted girls into the sixth form for the first time.[1] Starting September 2013 it will be offering both The International Baccalaureate and A-Levels.[2]

History[edit]

A Royal Charter by King George IV originally founded the School in 1829 as the junior department of the newly established King's College, London. The School occupied the basement of the College in The Strand. Most of its original eighty-five pupils lived in the City within walking distance of the School. During the early Victorian Period, the School grew in numbers and reputation. Members of the teaching staff included Gabriele Rossetti, who taught Italian. His son, Dante Gabriel, joined the School in 1837. The best known of the early masters was the water-colourist, John Sell Cotman. Nine of his pupils became practising artists and ten architects. By 1843 there were five hundred pupils and the need for larger premises eventually led to the move to Wimbledon in 1897. The School was progressive in its curriculum in many areas and appointed its first Science Master in 1855, at a time where very few schools taught science. The first Head Master, John Major, served the School between 1831–1866. Ninety-nine of the school's pupils from this period appear in the Dictionary of National Biography.

Until the 1880s, the School flourished. In 1882, only Eton College surpassed the total of thirty Oxford and Cambridge Board examination certificates obtained by pupils at KCS. But the School's teaching facilities were becoming increasingly inadequate as many competitor schools moved to new sites with modern facilities and large playing fields. In 1897, falling numbers of pupils prompted the move to the School's present site in Wimbledon, a fast growing suburb well served by the railway lines from Surrey and south London. A separate junior school was opened on the same campus in 1912.

In World War I, many letters were written to the school, including some from the Battle of the Somme. During World War II, the school's Great Hall was damaged by bomb shrapnel, and some of the damage can still be seen on the outside of the hall.

The only remaining link between KCS and its former parent is that one of the KCS Board of Governors is nominated by King's College London.

Today[edit]

Bannister Fletcher Great Hall 1897
Side Entrance to the Great Hall

King's College School is one of the highest academically performing schools in the UK historically and to date, coming 5th in The Times GCSE Results league table in 2013, and 4th in its results table for A-Level, IB, and Pre-U.[3]

All sixth-formers at King's currently study the IB Diploma, but from September 2013 pupils joining the Sixth Form will have the choice of studying either the International Baccalaureate or A-Levels. In 2008 13 pupils obtaining the maximum IB score of 45 points, equivalent to 7 A grades at A-Level – a score achieved by only 72 pupils worldwide that year.[4] At GCSE – most now take IGCSEs – 96% of grades were A*/A in 2013 and 75% of boys got 10 or more A*/A grades. In 2014, the co-ed sixth form pupils averaged 39.7 points out of 45, and 85.8% of higher level grades were at 6 or 7, with 48.8% of grades at 7. Out of 190 students, 114 pupils scored 40 points or more. In 2009 the average score for the school was 40.0 with 10 pupils obtaining the maximum 45 points.[5] In the Daily Telegraph and the Times - when gauging success in A level, IB, and Pre-U results all together placed King's as the second highest ranking sixth form in the UK in 2012. King's was also named Sunday Times IB School of the Year in 2009 and 2012.[6]

Public Examination Results at GCSE: last ten years[7][8]

YEAR NO. OF GCSEs TAKEN  % OF GRADES A*/A  % OF GRADE A*  % PASS (A*, A, B, C GRADES)
2003 - 87 52 99
2004 - 87 57 99
2005 - 90 57 99
2006 - 92 58 100
2007 1366 90 64 100
2008 1479 88 57 99
2009 1532 94 68 100
2010 1491 92 64 100
2011 1547 93 65 100
2012 1910 90 63 99
2013 1864 96 76 100

Exit[edit]

A few leave post-GCSE, often in pursuit of A levels (likely to become even fewer in future). The rest stay on and leave for the top universities – 50 to Oxbridge in 2013, the rest to London University colleges or Russell Group universities, e.g. Durham and Bristol, to do traditional subjects. Increasing numbers are heading abroad – including Harvard, Stanford and Cornell.[9][10]

Oxbridge offer statistics are as follows:

Number and Percentage of each year receiving offers from Oxbridge: last few years[11]

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
39 34 29 42 55 54
28% 23% 20% 24% 30% 28%
Rushmere House

The majority of pupils come to the school from south west London, north Surrey and neighbouring areas. 64% of the Year 9 entry consists of boys who continue from the King's College Junior School, 34% enter from other preparatory schools and about 2% come from overseas. At a recent count around 450 applied for the 60 places available at 13+ entry. The Good Schools Guide described the school as "an inspiring place to be," adding, "Boys work and play very hard in this wonderful school community".[12] It is a member of the Eton Group of 12 leading independent schools, and of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. Senior School fees are currently [2013-14] £18,900 per year.[13]

Science Laboratories

The last headmaster (Mr ACV Evans) won the best headmaster of a public school category at the annual Tatler School Awards 2005. Mark Palmer, editor of the Tatler School's Guide, said that he "thought it was about time it was recognised for being an all-round, academically excellent school", he added, "That has a lot to do with the professionalism and integrity of Tony Evans".[14] The school is currently under the headship of Mr AD Halls, who succeeded Tony Evans in January 2008. He too received Tatler's best headmaster of a public school award in 2011[15]

The school is located on Southside, Wimbledon Common, on a 24-acre (97,000 m2) site, with the main building being the 19th century Great Hall. The school has 20 Science laboratories and a demonstration laboratory, alongside the 1st XV pitch. The buildings include the Q-block (based around the Quadrangle), College Court, South Hayes, the Taylor Wing, the Reeve School of Art & Design, and the Sports Hall, as well as the Junior School, which has its own buildings, and Rushmere house. There are four rugby pitches on the main site for use by the Senior School, with Coleman's field providing additional pitches for the Junior School. There are six tennis courts on site, four squash courts, a 33m swimming pool and a 25 metre shooting range. There are two additional playing field sites, in Raynes Park and on West Barnes Lane, which provide two fully lit astroturf pitches as well. A new pavilion was opened at West Barnes Lane in September 2011 to replace the old changing rooms.

Sport[edit]

The main sport during the Autumn Term is Rugby, where the school fielded 13 sides during the 2009-10 season. The fixture list for 2009-10 included Cranleigh, St. Paul's, Reed's, Dulwich, Eton, Harrow, Wimbledon College, Whitgift, RGS Guildford, King's Canterbury, St. John's Leatherhead and Tiffin. The First XV and the U15As enter the Daily Mail Cup, and reached the Quarter Finals of the U19 Cup in 2006 and 2007 and the semi-finals of the U15 Vase in 2008 and 2009. The school went on a tour to South Africa in 2010, winning every game.

In football the school reached the Final of the Trinity School's Cup in 2010, and plays a fixture list that includes Hampton, Dulwich, and Latymer. There are football tours every few years to Ireland, and preseason training takes place at Bisham abbey during the Christmas holidays. In Hockey the school also competes at a high level, playing schools like RGS, KGS, and Caterham. There are hockey tours every three years, with the next tour probably happening in 2011.

In the summer, the main sport is cricket. The school plays cricket against schools in 2009 that included Whitgift, Dulwich, Winchester, St. Paul's and St. John's Leatherhead. The success of the cricket teams has suffered slightly due to the early nature of the school's IB exams in comparison to other schools who do A-levels, meaning fewer players in the U6th play, with resulting knock on effects in lower teams. The school's cricket team also tours around every three years, the last tour being to Barbados in 2008. Tennis is also played during the summer, with training camps in Majorca.

Rowing is a popular sport throughout the year. The boat club races in the regatta season, culminating with Henley Royal Regatta, where it reached the second round of the Princess Elizabeth Challenge Cup in 2004, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2013. The 1st VIII also race in the National Schools Regatta, having won the Child Beale Cup in 2004 and 2012, and reaching the final of the Championship 8s category in 2013. Boats also participate in the Long Distance Nationals, and have achieved a J148x+B gold medal. The school boathouse is used by the Cambridge University boat race squad.

Individual sports are also of high importance. The school plays regular matches and tournaments in squash, badminton, fencing, basketball, water polo and tennis.

Houses[edit]

There are six houses in the Senior School named after previous headmasters and notable old boys of the school. Boys wear a standard red and blue school tie until they achieve 6 house points, at which point they are awarded the right to wear a house tie of navy blue with thin stripes of the following colours:

House points are awarded for participation in inter-house competitions throughout the year.

Other ties include (in order of increasing seniority) the House Prefect's tie (Bold stripes of dark blue and a house colour with a single red crest), School Colours (Dark blue with a single red school crest), the Prefect's tie (Red with navy blue school crests), and the Senior Prefect's tie (Navy blue with red school crests). Girls who are Prefects or Senior Prefects are awarded with a red or blue badge, respectively, and other girls may receive a badge of their house colour as an alternative to a house tie or a House Prefect's tie.

Each house typically has three or four Senior Prefects (one of which is appointed as House Captain) and around 8 Prefects. In addition, there is a Captain of School and two Vice-Captains of School.

King's College Junior School[edit]

King's College Junior School (also known as KCJS) is the preparatory school for King's College School located in Wimbledon, London. It was established in its own right in 1912, and educates boys from ages 7–13.[16] It occupies the same campus as the senior school.

King's College Junior School

In 2005 enrollment in the junior school totaled 444 boys, divided into six year groups with three or four classes of about 20. The first two years are collectively referred to as 'Rushmere' (as they are taught in Rushmere House), while the final four years are called 'Priory'. Fees were £4,660 per term for years 3-4, and £5,260 per term for years 5-8 in 2010-12.[13] The headmaster is Dr G A Silverlock.[17]

The uniform is a red blazer with the emblem in blue on the top pocket. Every boy wears a white shirt and grey shorts or trousers. The ties are similar to the Senior School ties, and prefects in the top year ("Upper Remove") wear Senior School ties.

The Junior School has featured very strongly in national competitions too[citation needed] - they were National Rugby Champions at U13 level in 2009. In the same year the Junior School ran away with the team prize on its return to the national Townsend-Warner Competition for History and had twelve pupils qualify for the UK Junior Mathematics Olympiad. They went on to win the Townsend-Warner Prize again in 2010 and 2011.

All boys are allocated to one of the school's four houses when they join (siblings are placed into the same house):

Head Masters of King's College School[edit]

The following have been Head Masters of King's College School:[18]

Name Years as Head Master
Revd John Richardson Major 1831–1866
Revd George Frederick Maclear 1866–1880
Revd Dr Thomas Henry Stokoe 1880–1889
Charles Bourne 1889–1906
Douglas Smith 1906–1910
Herbert Lionel Rogers 1910–1934
Hubert John Dixon 1934–1960
Frank Shaw 1960–1975
Christopher Wightwick 1975–1980
Robin Reeve 1980–1997
Tony Evans 1997–2008
Andrew Halls 2008–Present

Noted Old King's[edit]

19th century births[edit]

20th century births[edit]

Victoria Cross holders[edit]

Five Old King's have been awarded the Victoria Cross.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ High-flying UK boys' school to take girls Financial Times
  2. ^ http://kcs.org.uk/node/3208
  3. ^ https://www.kcs.org.uk/sites/default/files/The%20Times%20IB%20ALevel%20table%202013.pdf
  4. ^ International Baccalaureate Diploma Results 2008 KCS Website
  5. ^ KCS Website News Autumn 2009
  6. ^ "Sunday Times Parent Power". Sunday Times. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2], kcs.org.uk, 2012
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ [4]
  11. ^ [5]
  12. ^ Good Schools Guide
  13. ^ a b "Fees and Finance". King's College School, Wimbledon. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  14. ^ Tony Evans
  15. ^ [6]
  16. ^ Independent Schools Inspectorate (ISI)
  17. ^ King's College Junior School, Merton ISBI Schools
  18. ^ Frank Miles and Graeme Cranch King's College School: The First 150 Years. London: King's College School, 1979.
  19. ^ The Victorian Web: The University of London and Its Boys' Schools
  20. ^ a b "Star Studded Swan Song". kcs.org.uk. 
  21. ^ T. Hinde A Great Day School in London: a history of King's College School pg 132 James and James Publishers 1995 ISBN 0-907383-61-0

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°25′18″N 0°13′32″W / 51.42155°N 0.22551°W / 51.42155; -0.22551