|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2009)|
Knowsley Village shown within Merseyside
|Population||11,343 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
Historically a part of Lancashire, according to the 2001 Census the parish had a population of 11,343. It gave its name to the wider borough when it was formed in 1974. The parish includes Knowsley Hall and Knowsley Safari Park. There are three main built-up areas in the parish: the village of Knowsley, the nearby business park in the north west, and in the south-west a suburban area including Stockbridge Village and the northern fringe of Huyton. To the west of Knowsley is the area of Woolfall Heath.
Knowsley Village consists primarily of two residential areas: a council estate, and a private estate. There is a parade of shops on Sugar Lane that serve the local community. These include a newsagent's, a general store and a greengrocer's. There is also another general store located on Knowsley Lane, locally known as 'Ronnie's' after Ronnie Molyneux, the first owner.
The village also has two public houses; The Pipe and Gannex and The Derby Arms as well as restaurant, the Milbrook Manor which also served as the Village school until the 1960's. There are also two public parks: "The Rec" located off Knowsley Lane and "Mill Lane" located on Mill Lane, as well a woodland in the centre of the village, Syders Grove.
The Village also has two churches. The Anglican St Mary's and the Roman Catholic St John Fisher. Both churches work together in the community. St Mary's is a grade II listed building. Built by the Stanley family in the late 19th century, it is a testament to the power and influence that they had over the area.
The name derives from the Anglo-Saxon Cēnwulfes lēah, meaning "Cēnwulf's meadow". When the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria overran the Celtic kingdom of Rheged, the village was likely taken over or founded by an Anglo-Saxon called Cēnwulf (which translates as Keen Wolf).
The village of Knowsley is hundreds of years older than the neighbouring city of Liverpool. Its name occurs in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Chenulveslei and has been recorded as Knuvesle (1199); Knouselegh (1258); Knouleslee (1261); Knusele (1262); and Knouslegh (1346).
There are a few notable entries in Knowsley's history:
- King Henry VII visited in 1495.
- Shakespeare is said to have performed in a play held in Knowsley in 1589.
- Capability Brown is responsible for creating some of Knowsley's landscaped gardens in the 1770s.
- Edward Lear wrote "The Owl and the Pussycat" while staying at Knowsley Hall.
From 1895 the area was part of Whiston Rural District in Lancashire. On 1 April 1974 the village became part of the newly formed Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in the nascent county of Merseyside.
- 2001 Census: Knowsley (civil parish), Office for National Statistics, retrieved 19 January 2009
- Knowsley Borough Map (pdf), Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 19 January 2009
- Knowsley Local History: Knowsley Village (page 1), Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 19 January 2009
- Knowsley Local History: Timeline (page 1), Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 19 January 2009
- Knowsley Local History: Knowsley Village (page 5), Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 19 January 2009