Krzysztof Matyjaszewski

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Krzysztof Matyjaszewski
Krzysztof Matyjaszewski 03.jpg
Born (1950-04-08) April 8, 1950 (age 64)
Konstantynów Łódzki, Poland
Residence Pittsburgh, United States
Citizenship United States, Poland
Fields Chemistry
Polymer chemistry
Institutions Carnegie Mellon University
Alma mater Lodz University of Technology
Known for Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization
Notable awards Wolf Prize in Chemistry (2011)
Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award
Prize of the Foundation for Polish Science (2004)
Humboldt Prize for Senior Scientists (1999)
Award of the Polish Academy of Sciences (1981)

Krzysztof Matyjaszewski (/ˈkrɪstɒf ˌmætɪjəˈʃɛfski/; Polish pronunciation: [ˈkʂɨʂtɔf matɨjaˈʂɛfskʲi]; born April 8, 1950) is a Polish-American[1] chemist. He is the J.C. Warner Professor of the Natural Sciences at the Carnegie Mellon University[2] Matyjaszewski is best known for the discovery of atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), a novel method of polymer synthesis that has revolutionized the way macromolecules are made.[3] In 2011 he was a co-winner of the prestigious Wolf Prize in Chemistry.[4]

Biography[edit]

Krzysztof (Kris) Matyjaszewski is an internationally recognized polymer chemist. He is perhaps best known for the discovery of atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), a novel method of polymer synthesis that has dramatically changed the way such molecules are made.

Matyjaszewski received his doctorate from the Center of Molecular and Macromolecular Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences in 1976 and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Florida in 1977. From 1978 to 1984, he was a research associate of the Polish Academy of Sciences. From 1984 to 1985, Matyjaszewski held appointments at the University of Paris, first as a research associate and then as a visiting professor.[2] In 1985, he joined Carnegie Mellon, where he founded and currently directs the Center for Macromolecular Engineering.[5] This Center is funded both by an active consortium and government agencies, including the National Science Foundation. In 1998, Matyjaszewski was appointed the J.C. Warner Professor of Natural Sciences. In 2004 he was named a University Professor, the highest distinction faculty can achieve at Carnegie Mellon.[6]

From 1994 to 1998, Matyjaszewski served as head of the Department of Chemistry at Carnegie Mellon and assisted in recruiting additional faculty with strengths in polymer chemistry. At the same time, he formed a research consortium with various industrial corporations to expand the understanding of controlled radical polymerization, including ATRP, and accelerate the transfer of this technology to different commercial applications. A second consortium, the CRP Consortium, formed under his leadership in 2001, continues and expands these efforts, training university and industrial scientists in procedures for responsive polymeric material development.[7] Matyjaszewski is a co-inventor on 46 issued U.S. patented technologies, holds 132 international patents and has 26 active U.S. patent applications.[6]

One of the leading educators in the field of polymer chemistry, Matyjaszewski has 14 current doctoral students and 5 postdoctoral fellows. He has mentored more than 200 undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral students since joining Carnegie Mellon. He has authored 14 books, 73 book chapters and more than 800 peer-reviewed scientific papers. His work has been cited in the scientific literature more than 58,000 times, making him one of the most cited chemists in the world.[1][8]

Matyjaszewski has received numerous awards for his work, including the 2012 Dannie-Heineman Prize from the Göttingen Academy of Sciences, 2011 Wolf Prize in Chemistry and the 2009 Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award. He has been honored by the American Chemical Society (ACS) with its inaugural AkzoNobel North America Science Award in 2013, 2011 Applied Polymer Science Award, 2007 Hermann F. Mark Senior Scholar Award, 2004 Cooperative Research Award in Polymer Science & Engineering, 2002 Polymer Chemistry Award, and the 1995 Carl S. Marvel Creative Polymer Chemistry Award. He also received the 2005 UK Macro Medal for outstanding achievements in polymer science, 1995 Humboldt Award for Senior U.S. Scientists and a 1989 Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation. In 2006, he was elected a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, in 2010, a fellow in the ACS Polymer Division, and in 2001 he was elected an ACS Polymeric Materials Science and Engineering Fellow.[citation needed] He is also a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and an honorary member of the Chinese Chemical Society and Israel Chemical Society.[9]

Matyjaszewski’s work has been recognized in his native country of Poland. In 2004, he received the Annual Prize of the Foundation of Polish Science, the most prestigious scientific award in Poland, referred to as the Polish Nobel Prize.[1] In 2005 he became a foreign member of the Polish Academy of Science, and in 2007, he received an honorary degree from Polytechnic University of Lodz in Poland. He has also received honorary degrees from the University of Ghent, Belgium, Russian Academy of Sciences, University of Athens, Greece, Polytechnic Institute in Toulouse, France, and Pusan National University in South Korea.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Awards and honors[edit]

Honorary degrees[edit]

Professional affiliations[edit]

Carnegie Mellon University[edit]

University of Pittsburgh[edit]

Center of Molecular and Macromolecular Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences[edit]

  • Adjunct Professor

Lodz University of Technology[edit]

Visiting professorships[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Prof. Krzysztof Matyjaszewski – The laureate of the Green Chemistry Challenge Awards". Polish Academy of Sciences. 2008. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Faculty Profile: Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, J.C. Warner University Professor of Natural Sciences". Carnegie Mellon Department of Chemistry. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  3. ^ Wang, Jin-Shan; Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof (May 1995). "Controlled/"living" radical polymerization. Atom transfer radical polymerization in the presence of transition-metal complexes". Journal of the American Chemical Society 117 (20): 5614–5615. doi:10.1021/ja00125a035. 
  4. ^ a b "The 2011 Wolf Prize in Chemistry". Wolf Fund. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  5. ^ "Center for Macromolecular Engineering". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Krzysztof Matyjaszewski". Matyjaszewski Polymer Group. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  7. ^ "Present Status of the CRP Consortium". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "CMU’s Krzysztof Matyjaszewski on Radical Polymerization". Reuters Science Watch. February 2008. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  9. ^ http://www.cmu.edu/maty/matyjaszewski/index.html
  10. ^ Awardees "Carnegie Science Awards: 2011 Awardees". Carnegie Science Center. 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  11. ^ "June 22: Carnegie Mellon's Krzysztof Matyjaszewski Receives EPA's Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  12. ^ Smaglik, Paul (14 October 2009). "Krzysztof Matyjaszewski". Nature 461 (=1015). doi:10.1038/nj7266-1015a. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 

External links[edit]