Later Shu

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Hòu Shǔ
后蜀 / trad. 後蜀

934–965
Capital Chengdu
Languages Ba-Shu Chinese
Government Monarchy
Emperor
 -  934 Emperor Gaozu
 -  934-965 Emperor Houzhu
Historical era Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period
 -  Established in Chengdu 934 934
 -  Surrendered to Song 965 965

Later Shu (simplified Chinese: 后蜀; traditional Chinese: 後蜀; pinyin: Hòu Shǔ) was one of the Ten Kingdoms during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China from 907 to 960. It was located in present-day Sichuan with its capital in Chengdu. It was the fourth and latest state of this name on the same territiory.

Founding[edit]

The original Shu Kingdom that was founded in 907 from the ashes of the Tang Dynasty, and was conquered by the Later Tang, the second of the five dynasties that ruled the north during this period of time.

Meng Zhixiang commanded elements of the Later Tang in the conquered territories of the Shu Kingdom. He was named military governor in 925, but had plotted to make himself emperor, an action he took in 934 as, Li Siyuan, emperor of the Later Tang, had seen relations with their powerful neighbors to the north, the Khitan, sour by his rule.

Territorial Extent[edit]

The Later Shu Kingdom held essentially the same territory as the Former Shu kingdom. The kingdom held most of present-day Sichuan, along with southern Gansu and Shaanxi, western Hubei and all of present-day Chongqing. As with the Former Shu, the capital of the kingdom was at Chengdu.

Succession[edit]

Meng Zhixiang died the year following his self-declaration of ascending to the position of emperor of the Shu. His son, Meng Chang ruled very ably for thirty years until the kingdom was incorporated into the expanding Song Dynasty from the north in 965.

Rulers[edit]

'Sovereigns in Hou (Later) Shu Kingdom 934 - 965'
Temple Names ( Miao Hao 廟號 miao4 hao4) Posthumous Names ( Shi Hao 諡號 ) Personal Names Period of Reigns Era Names (Nian Hao 年號) and their according range of years
高祖 Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Mèng Zhīxíang|孟知祥 934 Míngdé (明德) 934
後主 Did not exist Mèng Chǎng|孟昶 934-965 Míngdé (明德) 934-938

Guǎngzhèng (廣政) 938-965

References[edit]

  • Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China (900-1800). Harvard University Press. pp. 11–15. ISBN 0-674-01212-7. 

External links[edit]