Legislative Assembly of Samoa
|Legislative Assembly of Samoa
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In the Samoan language, the Legislative Assembly of Samoa is sometimes referred to as the Samoan Fono while the government of the country is referred to as the Malo.
The word fono is a Samoan and Polynesian term for councils or meetings great and small and applies to national assemblies and legislatures, as well as local village councils.
The Samoan Fono is descended from the Western Samoa Legislative Assembly established under New Zealand rule in the early 1900s. On the country's political independence in 1962, the 5th Legislative Assembly became the 1st Samoan Parliament.
Members of Parliament
The Samoan Fono has 49 Members of Parliament. 47 members are matai (traditional heads of families), elected in six two-seat and 35 single-seat constituencies. The other 2 Members are elected by, and represent, individual voters, i.e. "Samoan citizens descended from non-Samoans".
Members of Parliament in Samoa are directly elected by universal suffrage, and serve a five-year term.
Head of State
The Head of State or O le Ao o le Malo is elected for a five-year term by the Fono.
Elections are held under a simple plurality system. Samoan electors are divided into six two-seat and 35 single-seat constituencies. In addition, two seats are reserved for "individual voters", non-indigenous citizens who may not hold a chiefly title or any customary interest in Samoan land.
Last election results
|Election results are missing from this article.|
|Human Rights Protection Party||35|
|Samoan Democratic United Party||10|
|Samoa Progressive Political Party||0|
|The Christian Party||0|
|Source: Fono web site. The numbers for HRPP include five independents who joined HRPP after the election. Adam Carr, Zee and Pacific Magazine give various different results. According to Adam Carr because in double-member seats voters cast two votes, it is not possible to give national aggregate votes by party.|
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The Fono is responsible for electing the O le Ao o le Malo, the Samoan head of state.
Terms of the Fono
The Fono is currently in its 14th term.
The Fono is housed in a bee-hive shaped building based on the traditional Samoan fale.
- Electoral Constituencies of Samoa
- List of Speakers of the Legislative Assembly of Samoa
- Politics of Samoa
- List of legislatures by country
- Fana'afi Le Tagaloa, Aiono (1986). "Western Samoa the Sacred Covenant". Land rights of Pacific women (University of the South Pacific;Institute of Pacific Studies). p. 103. ISBN 982-02-0012-1. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- Parliament of Samoa: general information[dead link]
- "Samoa PM accused of racism over anti-Chinese remark". Radio New Zealand International. 21 January 2005. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- Electoral Act 1963, s16[dead link]
- Electoral Act 1963, s5[dead link]